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Overview

De Montfort

Simon De Montfort's Parliament was the first Parliament to summon representatives from towns. Find out about the significance of Montfort's parliament here.

Burgesses

Borough representation was a target for reform in the 1830s. Discover why people thought it had become so corrupt

Rise of commons

The Commons became more self-confident in the 14th century. Why did contemporaries call some Parliaments "Good", "Wonderful" and "Merciless"?

Edward

Edward I is known as "Hammer of the Scots". Discover why he should also be called "the Founder of Parliament"

Medieval

Most hereditary peers were removed from the House of Lords in 1999. Find out about the House's origins and membership

Reformation

Parliament's role in Henry VIII's break with Rome, one of the most significant events in English history

Lawmakers

Today, Parliament's main duties are making laws and setting taxes. Learn how the Commons gained their influence in these areas

Meeting places

Learn about the buildings and rooms of the medieval Parliament, lost forever after the fire of 1834 in Westminster

Origins

The earliest origins of Parliament grew out of the ancient government institutions of Anglo-Saxon and Norman England

Knights

Who were the knights of the shire in the medieval Commons? How were they elected? Who chose them?

Records

How do we know what happened in Parliament? Find out about the records of Parliament, both then and now

Elizabethan

Did the Civil War start during the reign of Elizabeth I? Learn about the differing interpretations of this important period

Magnacarta

What was Magna Carta? How did Magna Carta affect the monarchy? Learn about the significance of Magna Carta here.

Also in this section

1215-1603: The development of both Houses of Parliament over the Middle Ages

Related Information

What Parliament does, its role in UK politics, and relationship with Government, the Crown and Europe

Parliament's role

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Key dates

1215-1603: The development of both Houses of Parliament over the Middle Ages

Find out more

Related information

Read about Parliament's current role in examining what the Government is doing, making new laws, setting taxes and debating the issues of the day