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Dissolution of Parliament

The dissolution of Parliament took place on Thursday 30 May 2024. All business in the House of Commons and House of Lords has come to an end. There are currently no MPs and every seat in the Commons is vacant until after the general election on 4 July 2024.

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Key dates

1494

Poynings' Law: A law passed in Ireland gives the English Crown and Privy Council an effective veto over Irish legislation.

1642

Act of Settlement: Parliament legislated to confiscate land from Catholics as compensation for the cost of civil war.

1649-53

Commonwealth: The Irish parliament is abolished and instead Ireland, along with Scotland and England, sent representatives to a Commonwealth Parliament in London.

1660

Restoration: The Stuart monarchy is restored, the Commonwealth abolished and the Irish parliament reconvened the following year.

1720

Constitutional affairs: Following a legal dispute, the British Parliament reasserted its right to form the final court of appeal and to legislate on Irish matters.

1728

Disenfranchised: Catholics in Ireland prevented from voting or sitting in Parliament.

1779-80

Trade reforms: The British Parliament repealed most legislation restricting Irish commerce.

1782

Irish parliament: The Irish parliament won the exclusive right to legislate on Irish affairs and form the final court of appeal.

1801

Parliamentary union: An Act of Union merged the Irish parliament with the British Parliament to create a Parliament of the United Kingdom.

1829

Emancipation: Catholics in Ireland regained the right to vote and sit in Parliament.

1845-52

Great Famine: How Parliament dealt with the failure of Ireland's potato crop and its consequences.

1869

Disestablishment: Parliament passed legislation to break the link between church and state in Ireland.

1870

Land reform: Gladstone attempts to legislate for land reform in Ireland.

1886

Home rule Attempt I: Parliament considered Gladstone's first home rule Bill, splitting his Liberal Party.

1893

Home rule Attempt II: Parliament rejected Gladstone's second home rule Bill.

1914

Home rule Attempt III: A third home rule Bill failed on the eve of the First World War.

1920

Government of Ireland: Parliament legislated to create two home rule parliaments, one in Northern Ireland and another in Southern Ireland.

1949

Irish Republic: Parliament endorsed a decision by the Irish Free State to become a Republic.

1972

Direct rule: Parliament asserted direct control over Northern Ireland following rising violence.

1998

Good Friday Agreement: The cross-party Good Friday Agreement repealed the Government of Ireland Act 1920 and restored devolved government to Northern Ireland.