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Thomas MacDonagh (1878-1916) was born in Cloughjordan, Co. Tipperary. MacDonagh joined the Irish Volunteers in December 1913. He became a company captain and he was a member of the central executive and the general council. He was commandant of the 2nd Btn Dublin Brigade and he was a brigade commandant. MacDonagh was added to the Irish Republican Brotherhood’s secret military council in early April 1916.
During the Rising MacDonagh signed the declaration of a republic. He was convicted of treason by court martial for his role in the Rising and he was sentenced to death by firing squad. He was executed in Kilmainham Gaol on 3 May 1916. This document, from the papers of David Lloyd George, appears to be a copy of MacDonagh’s final speech given before he was executed. The speech was widely distributed, however its authenticity has been debated as the official transcript of MacDonagh’s trial did not record the speech.
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