Upper and Lower Canada Rebellion
In the late 1830s the territories of Upper and Lower Canada rebelled against the Crown forces. The disorder led to the suspension of their own government. In response to this, Parliament issued an inquiry into the conflict & sent over an investigatory delegation.
The newly appointed Governor General, Lord Durham was tasked with the role of mediator but he took it upon himself to make the recommendation to amalgamate both states into one union with a mutually beneficial economy that would encourage a more responsible legislative.
This Report is one of many Durham sent back to London over the course of 1838. But his reconciliation policy was considered too progressive for Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne and he resigned from the post later in the year. Despite this, a ‘Report on the Affairs of British North America' was published in February 1839 to great interest and would have a seminal influence on future Canadian legislation.