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Act of Union 1707

The Acts of Union, passed by the English and Scottish Parliaments in 1707, led to the creation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain on 1 May of that year. The UK Parliament met for the first time in October 1707.

Here we look at the relationship between the two independent kingdoms of England and Scotland in the 16th and 17th centuries. We explore the critical period leading up to the passing of Acts of Union by both parliaments what happened afterwards, and the development of a British identity.

Revolution and civil war
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In March 1625 James VI and I died and was succeeded by his son Charles I.

Act of Union 1707: Contemporary context
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From the Act of Union to the Scotland Act, the United Kingdom in the twenty-first century.

Restoration
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On 14 May 1660 Charles II was formally restored to his kingdoms and proclaimed King of Great Britain and Ireland.

Act of Union 1707: Further your research
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Take your Act of Union research further with additional material and parliamentary sources

Union between Scotland and England?
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The idea of a union between England and Scotland was aired in February and March 1689 during the deliberations of the Convention Parliament in Edinburgh.