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Dissolution of Parliament

The dissolution of Parliament took place on Thursday 30 May 2024. All business in the House of Commons and House of Lords has come to an end. There are currently no MPs and every seat in the Commons is vacant until after the general election on 4 July 2024.

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The Parliament Acts and the role of the Lords

The House of Lords had always exercised a right of veto over all legislation passed by the House of Commons. The Parliament Act 1911 was the first attempt at reform, after which the powers and composition of the House were gradually transformed. There was disagreement in the Commons and the Lords at every step, and the reform process continues to this day.

From the Parliamentary Collections: the People's Budget

Explore the Parliamentary collections for images and documents about the Parliament Acts and the role of the Lords


When were the two Parliament Acts passed? Key dates in the relationship between Lower and Upper House

Contemporary Context

From "Mr Balfour's Poodle" to an elected Chamber? The House of Lords in the early 21st century


More in depth sources of information on the Parliament Acts and the role of the Lords

Related information

Read about the current role and daily business of the House of Lords