House of Lords
The House of Lords has existed since the middle ages but its composition and powers have gradually evolved over time. Learn more below.
The Parliament Act 1911 was the first attempt to reform the House of Lords, after which the powers and composition of the House were gradually transformed
Up until 2009 the House of Lords was the supreme court of appeal on points of law for the whole of the UK in civil cases and for England, Wales and Northern Ireland in criminal cases