House of Lords

The House of Lords has existed since the middle ages but its composition and powers have gradually evolved


House of Lords reform

The Parliament Act 1911 was the first attempt to reform the House of Lords, after which the powers and composition of the House were gradually transformed

Judicial role

Up until 2009 the House of Lords was the supreme court of appeal on points of law for the whole of the UK in civil cases and for England, Wales and Northern Ireland in criminal cases

Related information

Read about the current role and daily business of the House of Lords

For schools

Resources exploring the House of Lords for key stage 4 and 5 students, including short videos and lesson plans.