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The Middle Ages

Chapel St Mary Undercroft

The Undercroft Chapel is one of the few surviving parts of the ancient Palace of Westminster, and is still in use by Members today. Read more about its history

Anglosaxon Royal Palace

How did a royal palace at Westminster come about? Find out more about its earliest origins

Jewel Tower

The Jewel Tower still stands today, and is one of the few remaining parts of the ancient Palace of Westminster. Why was it built? How did it survive the fire of 1834?

Oldandnewpalaceyards

What were the main courtyards of the medieval Palace of Westminster?

Palace Normans

The Normans inherited the Palace of Westminster from the Anglo-Saxons. What did they do with it? Learn about this critical phase of early Palace history

Early locations Parlt 13th century

Where were the first parliaments at Westminster held? Discover their earliest meeting places

Early Chapel St Stephen

Why was St Stephen's Chapel built? Explore the early history of this spectacular royal Chapel within the medieval Palace

Henry III and the Painted Chamber

The Palace of Westminster was transformed by the Plantagenet kings during the 13th century. Find out more about the royal apartments which they built for their exclusive use

Later Locations Parliament

Where were the Lords and Commons first housed? Find out more about their early homes at the Palace of Westminster

Henry III Palace

Read how King Henry III transformed the Palace of Westminster into a magnificent seat of government and royal authority

Also within Living Heritage

Westminster Hall is the oldest building in Parliament and virtually the only part of the ancient Palace of Westminster which survives in almost its original form. Find out more about its long history

The present-day Palace of Westminster, or the Houses of Parliament as it is also known, was constructed after a great fire in 1834. Find out more about its architecture and the history of the buildings that stood on the estate before the fire.

Also in this section

The key moments in the history of the Palace of Westminster, from its founding by the Anglo-Saxon kings to the Wars of the Roses

Also within Living Heritage

Westminster Hall is the oldest building in Parliament and the only part of the ancient Palace of Westminster which survives in almost its original form. Find out more about its long history

The present-day Palace of Westminster was constructed after the Great Fire of 1834. Find out more about its architecture and interiors

Also in this section

Key dates: 1016 to the Wars of the Roses

The key moments in the history of the Palace of Westminster, from its founding by the Anglo-Saxon kings to the Wars of the Roses

Find out more