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Dissolution of Parliament

The dissolution of Parliament took place on Thursday 30 May 2024. All business in the House of Commons and House of Lords has come to an end. There are currently no MPs and every seat in the Commons is vacant until after the general election on 4 July 2024.

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First reading (Lords)

Formal introduction - no debate on the bill

First reading is the first stage of a bill's passage through the House of Lords - usually a formality, it takes place without debate.

First reading of a bill can take place at any time in a parliamentary session.

What happens at first reading?

The long title (indicating the content of the bill) is read out by the member of the Lords in charge of the bill.

What happens after first reading?

Once formally introduced, the bill is printed.

The next stage is second reading - the first opportunity for members of the Lords to debate the main principles and purpose of the bill.

Third reading (Commons)   Second reading (Lords)