Skip to main content

The State Opening of Parliament 

The UK general election took place on Thursday 4 July 2024. The new Parliament met on Tuesday 9 July 2024 for the election of the Speaker and swearing-in of MPs and Lords. The State Opening of Parliament and The King’s Speech will take place on Wednesday 17 July 2024.

Find out more about:

View the 2024 general election results.

By-elections in the 2005-2010 Parliament

This page gives details of the UK parliamentary by-elections that took place during the 2005-2010 Parliament.

ConstituencyReason for by-electionDate of by-electionNew Member
StrangfordResignation of Iris Robinson (DUP) 15 January 2009.No by-election called.Jim Shannon (elected at 2010 general election)
North West LeicestershireDeath of David Taylor (Lab/Co-op) 26 December 2009.No by-election called.Andrew Bridgen (elected at 2010 general election)
Glasgow North EastResignation of Rt Hon Michael Martin (Speaker) 22 June 2009.12 November 2009

William Bain (Labour win)

Norwich NorthResignation of Dr Ian Gibson (Lab) 8 June 2009.23 July 2009

Chloe Smith (Conservative gain)

GlenrothesDeath of John MacDougall (Lab) 12 August 2008.6 November 2008

Lindsay Roy (Labour hold)

Glasgow EastResignation of David Marshall (Lab) 30 June 2008.24 July 2008

John Mason (SNP gain)

Haltemprice and HowdenResignation of Rt Hon David Davis (Con) 18 June 2008.10 July 2008

David Davis (Conservative hold)

HenleyResignation of Boris Johnson (Con) 4 June 2008.26 June 2008

John Howell (Conservative hold)

Crewe and NantwichDeath of Gwyneth Dunwoody (Lab) 17 April 2008.22 May 2008

Edward Timpson (Conservative gain)

Ealing SouthallDeath of Piara Khabra (Lab) 19 June 2007.19 July 2007

Virendra Sharmar (Labour hold)

SedgefieldResignation of Rt Hon Tony Blair (Lab) 27 June 2007.19 July 2007

Phil Wilson (Labour hold)

Bromley and ChislehurstDeath of Rt Hon Eric Forth (Con) 17 May 2006.29 June 2006

Bob Neill (Conservative hold)

Blaenau GwentDeath of Peter Law (Ind) 25 Apr 2006.29 June 2006

Dai Davies (Independent hold)

Dunfermline and West FifeDeath of Rachel Squire (Lab) 5 January 2006.9 Feb 2006

Willie Rennie (Lib Dem gain)

LivingstonDeath of Rt Hon Robin Cook (Lab) 6 August 2005.29 Sep 2005

Jim Devine (Labour hold)

CheadleDeath of Patsy Calton (LD) 29 May 2005.14 Jul 2005

Mark Hunter (Lib Dem hold)

House of Commons Library analysis

The House of Commons Library produces briefing papers to inform MPs and their staff of key issues. The papers contain factual information and a range of opinions on each subject, and aim to be politically impartial.


The UK is currently divided into 650 areas called parliamentary constituencies, each of which is represented by one MP in the House of Commons.

Electoral Commission

The Electoral Commission is an independent body, accountable directly to the UK Parliament, that regulates elections in the UK, promotes voter awareness and works to build confidence in the electoral process.

Parliament is not responsible for the content of external websites.