Hybrid proceedings: Legislation

Legisaltion deifnition-laws, written, parliament

Under the temporary arrangements for hybrid proceedings, it is important that legislation at all stages can still be debated. The guidance on how MPs take part in the different stages will be updated as each stage of the legislative business is reached.

Bills are the proposals for new laws, also known as legislation. Each bill must pass through multiple stages in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords before it can become law.

A bill can start its journey in either the House of Commons or the House of Lords. Once it has completed all its stages in one House, it will be considered at all stages by the other.

Changes, known as amendments, may be made at various stages as a bill makes its way through both Houses. Both Houses must agree to the wording of a bill before it can receive Royal Assent and become an Act of Parliament (made law).

Find out more about the different stages a bill needs to pass through and how this will take place in the House of Commons under the temporary hybrid proceedings:

First Reading

View of the House of Commons Table.

Formal presentation of a bill. There is no debate at this stage.

Second Reading

House of Commons Chamber with screens for virtual proceedings

This is the first opportunity MPs get to debate a bill. At the end of second reading MPs must decide if the bill can progress to the next stage.

Report Stage

View of the Commons Chamber with social distancing

Report stage is an opportunity for the whole House to consider what has been done during the committee stage of the bill.

Third Reading

Image of one side of the Chamber with screens for virtual participation and social distancing

Third reading is the final opportunity for MPs to pass or reject the whole bill.

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Parliamentary Glossary

Use our glossary to find out what parliamentary terms mean