How Parliament works

Find out what happens at Parliament, how your MP represents you and how Parliament checks up on the work of Government.

COVID-19 Commons proceedings

Image of Members' Lobby with social distancing sign

Since temporary arrangements to enable hybrid proceedings have expired, most MPs have returned to Westminster. Some MPs who are unable to attend physically due to public health reasons are able to participate remotely in some proceedings.

Changes to Lords proceedings

The House of Lords has made changes to the way it works in response to Covid-19.

Daily business

What happens in Parliament on a regular basis, including Question Time, Ministerial Statements and Early Day Motions.


Explanation of the main types of committees: Select, Joint and General.

Elections and voting

Elections and voting

Find out how Members of Parliament are elected to the House of Commons, how the Parliamentary constituency system works and what happens at the dissolution of Parliament.

Parliament and the Government

What is the difference between Parliament and the Government?

Parliament and the Government are different. Find out about their different roles and responsibilities.

Related information

How does a Bill become Law?

How does a Bill become an Act? Our guide shows a Bill's journey through Parliament - find out what happens at each stage

For schools

Resources for 7-18 year olds explaining how Parliament works.

Living Heritage

Learn about the history of Parliament's role

Parliament and women

News, events and research from the UK Parliament on women’s rights and representation – yesterday and today