House of Lords

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on the House of Lords. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

09.09.2016Lord Speaker
This House of Commons Library briefing paper sets out the background to the creation of the office of Lord Speaker in 2006. It reviews developments in and proposals for the role since then. It also provides the results of elections in 2006, 2011 and 2016.
11.08.2016Ministers in the House of Lords
This Commons Library briefing paper sets out the number of ministers in the House of Lords over recent years. It considers briefly the accountability arrangements for Cabinet Ministers in the Lords and it looks at the appointment of 'outside' ministerial appointments.
22.07.2016Women in Parliament and Government
191 women MPs were elected at the 2015 General Election, 29% of all MPs and a record high. Prior to 1987 women had never been more than 5% of MPs. 452 women have been elected to the Commons since 1918, 5 fewer than the current number of male MPs.
01.07.2016House of Lords Reform Act 2014
The House of Lords Reform (No. 2) Bill 2013-14 was a private Members' bill, which received Royal Assent on 14 May 2014. It allows members of the House of Lords to retire or resign permanently. It also provides that members who did not attend and those convicted of serious offences should cease to be members of the House of Lords.
01.07.2016House of Lords (Expulsion and Suspension) Act 2015
In line with the provisions of the House of Lords (Expulsion and Suspension) Act 2015, the House of Lords has made Standing Orders that enable a suspension to run beyond the end of a Parliament and enable the House of Lords to expel members for reasons other than non-attendance or being sentenced to over a year in prison (as provided for in the House of Lords Reform Act 2014).
04.03.2016Ethnic Minorities in Politics and Government
Currently around 6% of Members of both Houses are from an ethnic minority background. This compares with 13% of UK population. The share of non-white population is the most proportionally represented in the Civil Service (11%), whereas the NHS has the largest share of ethnic minority staff (18%).
29.02.2016The Parliamentary Oath
This House of Commons Briefing Paper looks at the oath of allegiance or affirmation which Members of both Houses of Parliament are required to take before they can take their seat. It focuses primarily on the Parliamentary Oath in the House of Commons, although later sections look at the oath in the House of Lords, the devolved legislatures and in certain Commonwealth countries. It also sets out some of the key stages in the history and development of the Parliamentary Oath.
25.02.2016The Parliament Acts
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper sets out the procedures governing the use of the Parliament Acts of 1911 and 1949. It notes occasions when they have been used and also reports on challenges to the validity of the Parliament Acts.
08.02.2016Peerage Creations since 1997
This House of Commons briefing paper provides details of appointments to the House of Lords from May 1997 to January 2016. It provides tables showing the numbers appointed under Prime Ministers Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron, broken down by party affiliation at the time of appointment. It also includes a chronological list of all those appointed during this period.
07.01.2016Conventions on the relationship between the House of Commons and House of Lords
This House of Commons Library briefing paper sets out the conventions on the relationship between the two Houses of Parliament and their origins. On 17 December 2015 Lord Strathclyde published his review of secondary legislation and the primacy of the House of Commons. This briefing paper sets out the background to the review and Lord Strathclyde's recommendations.

Lords Library Notes

14.07.2016Regional Representation in the House of Lords
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an analysis of Members' registered address locations from the January 2016 expenses data and provides an indicative picture of the regional breakdown of the House of Lords. Data is also provided from August 2013 and September 2011 for comparative purposes.
04.07.2016Leaving the EU: Parliament's Role in the Process
Following the result of the referendum held on 23 June 2016, this House of Lords Library briefing examines what Parliament's role would be in the process of withdrawing from the European Union in several key areas: invoking Article 50; overseeing the negotiation process; ratifying agreements; repealing and reviewing domestic legislation. This is an updated version of the briefing issued on 30 June 2016.
24.05.2016Private Member's Bills in the House of Lords
This Lords Library briefing provides information on private member's bills in the House of Lords.
18.05.2016Opposition Parties: Financial Assistance
This House of Lords Library briefing provides information on official financial assistance provided to opposition parties and the Convenor of the Crossbench Peers in the House of Lords.
12.05.2016Queen's Speech 2016 Day 3: Home, Legal, Constitutional and Devolved Affairs
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen's Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
29.03.2016House of Lords: Public Offices and Positions Held by Members
This House of Lords Library briefing presents lists of public offices and positions previously or currently held by Members of the House of Lords as at 23 March 2016.

Select Committee Reports

26.03.2012Merits of Statutory Instruments Committee.
Procedure Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
22.03.2012House Committee (HL) third report on Grand Committee and Select Committee Resources.
House Committee (HL) report [Lords]
20.03.2012House of Lords Liaison Committee third report.
House of Lords Liaison Committee report [Lords]
01.11.2011Proposals arising from the Report of the Leader's Group on Working Practices.
Procedure Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
20.07.2011Information Select Committee (HL) first report on Annual Report 2010-11.
Information Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]

Early Day Motions

That this House notes the recommendations of the Tenth Report of the House of Lords Merits of Statutory Instruments Committee, published on 5 November, in respect of the draft Justification ...
That this House is dismayed by the report in the Guardian newspaper that the Noble Lord Jay, Chairman of the Lords Appointment Committee, has written to the Prime Minister warning that ...
That this House notes the appointment of a new Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform to the House of Lords; further notes that the lead Minister for this ...
That this House congratulates the US corporate fraud prosecuting authorities upon the conviction of Conrad Black; notes the failure of the equivalent UK authorities to secure convictions ...
That this House notes the conviction in the United States of Lord Black of Crossharbour on charges of fraud and obstruction of justice; and believes that the rules for disqualification ...


  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses