House of Lords

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on the House of Lords. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
04.03.2016Ethnic Minorities in Politics and Government
Currently around 6% of Members of both Houses are from an ethnic minority background. This compares with 13% of UK population. The share of non-white population is the most proportionally represented in the Civil Service (11%), whereas the NHS has the largest share of ethnic minority staff (17%).
29.02.2016The Parliamentary Oath
This House of Commons Briefing Paper looks at the oath of allegiance or affirmation which Members of both Houses of Parliament are required to take before they can take their seat. It focuses primarily on the Parliamentary Oath in the House of Commons, although later sections look at the oath in the House of Lords, the devolved legislatures and in certain Commonwealth countries. It also sets out some of the key stages in the history and development of the Parliamentary Oath.
25.02.2016The Parliament Acts
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper sets out the procedures governing the use of the Parliament Acts of 1911 and 1949. It notes occasions when they have been used and also reports on challenges to the validity of the Parliament Acts.
08.02.2016Peerage Creations since 1997
This House of Commons briefing paper provides details of appointments to the House of Lords from May 1997 to January 2016. It provides tables showing the numbers appointed under Prime Ministers Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron, broken down by party affiliation at the time of appointment. It also includes a chronological list of all those appointed during this period.
07.01.2016Conventions on the relationship between the House of Commons and House of Lords
This House of Commons Library briefing paper sets out the conventions on the relationship between the two Houses of Parliament and their origins. On 17 December 2015 Lord Strathclyde published his review of secondary legislation and the primacy of the House of Commons. This briefing paper sets out the background to the review and Lord Strathclyde's recommendations.
24.07.2015Lord Speaker
This note sets out the background to the creation of the office of Lord Speaker in 2006. It covers developments and proposals in the role since then. It also provides the election results for 2006, and details of the election process in 2011.
16.07.2015Women in Parliament and Government
191 women MPs were elected at the 2015 General Election, 29% of all MPs and a record high. Prior to 1987 women had never been more than 5% of MPs. 450 women have been elected to the Commons since 1918, nine less than the current number of male MPs.
26.03.2015Role of the Lord Chancellor
History and development of the office of Lord Chancellor. This note summarises the history and development of the office of Lord Chancellor and also examines the changes that were made to the role following the enactment of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005.
12.03.2015House of Lords (Expulsion and Suspension) Bill [HL] 2014-15
The House of Lords (Expulsion and Suspension) Bill [HL] 2014-15 is a private Member's bill. It allows the House of Lords to make Standing Orders that enable a suspension to run beyond the end of a Parliament and would allow the House of Lords to expel members for reasons other than non-attendance or being sentenced to over a year in prison (as provided for in the House of Lords Reform Act 2014).
03.03.2015International Women's Day 2015: Background and statistics
What are the trends for women's equality in the UK and across the globe? This document provides background statistics for International Women's Day 2015, examining international comparisons and UK-specific data.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
29.03.2016House of Lords: Public Offices and Positions Held by Members
This House of Lords Library briefing presents lists of public offices and positions previously or currently held by Members of the House of Lords as at 23 March 2016.
23.03.2016House of Lords: Statistical Profile of Membership
This House of Lords Library briefing presents a range of information about the membership of the House of Lords as the House was composed on Friday 11 March 2016.
04.03.2016The Sovereign's Ceremonial and Formal Role in Parliament Today
On 9 September 2015, Queen Elizabeth II became the longest reigning sovereign in British history. This House of Lords Library briefing focuses on the Sovereign as part of the constitution of Parliament. It captures key aspects of the role of the Sovereign as it relates, in practice, to Parliament today, with an emphasis on the House of Lords. It does this through addressing a selection of the ceremonial and formal roles of the Sovereign: the State Opening of Parliament and its prorogation and dissolution; the calling of a new Parliament, in light of the Fixed-term Parliament Act 2011; Royal Commissions and royal assent; and Queen's consent. The briefing also addresses a number of aspects of the Sovereign's communications and relationship with Parliament more broadly, through Addresses and messages and the Palace of Westminster itself. It provides facts and figures relating to Queen Elizabeth II including: the number of Acts that have received Royal Assent during her reign, Addresses given by the Queen to both Houses in Westminster Hall, and the wording of Queen Elizabeth II's first message to Parliament on her accession to the throne in 1952.
12.02.2016History of the House of Lords: A Brief Introduction
This House of Lords Library briefing provides a short history of the House of Lords.
03.02.2016Peerage Creations: Appointments to the House of Lords since 1997
This House of Lords Library briefing provides details of the peerage creations under the prime ministers Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron (up to 25 January 2016).
29.01.2016Size of the House of Lords
This Library Note provides statistics and background information on the changing size of the House of Lords since the 1992-93 session alongside commentary and debates on the subject of the House's size over recent years.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
26.03.2012Merits of Statutory Instruments Committee.
Procedure Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
22.03.2012House Committee (HL) third report on Grand Committee and Select Committee Resources.
House Committee (HL) report [Lords]
20.03.2012House of Lords Liaison Committee third report.
House of Lords Liaison Committee report [Lords]
01.11.2011Proposals arising from the Report of the Leader's Group on Working Practices.
Procedure Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
20.07.2011Information Select Committee (HL) first report on Annual Report 2010-11.
Information Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
16.11.2010DRAFT STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS ON NUCLEAR JUSTIFICATION
That this House notes the recommendations of the Tenth Report of the House of Lords Merits of Statutory Instruments Committee, published on 5 November, in respect of the draft Justification ...
02.07.2009CONDUCT OF LORD JAY AND THE LORDS APPOINTMENT COMMITTEE
That this House is dismayed by the report in the Guardian newspaper that the Noble Lord Jay, Chairman of the Lords Appointment Committee, has written to the Prime Minister warning that ...
07.10.2008GOVERNMENT MINISTERS IN THE HOUSE OF LORDS
That this House notes the appointment of a new Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform to the House of Lords; further notes that the lead Minister for this ...
12.12.2007FRAUD PROSECUTIONS
That this House congratulates the US corporate fraud prosecuting authorities upon the conviction of Conrad Black; notes the failure of the equivalent UK authorities to secure convictions ...
11.12.2007CONDUCT OF LORD BLACK OF CROSSHARBOUR AND MEMBERSHIP OF THE HOUSE OF LORDS
That this House notes the conviction in the United States of Lord Black of Crossharbour on charges of fraud and obstruction of justice; and believes that the rules for disqualification ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses