Working age benefits

This web page will automatically redirect in 5 seconds as the content is no longer being updated here.

New location

The page will automatically redirect to Working Age Benefits Research Briefings produced by the Commons Library, Lords Library and POST

Content published before December 2016

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on benefits for people of working age. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
04.11.2016Abolition of the ESA Work-Related Activity Component
This House of Commons Library briefing paper provides an overview of Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) and details the changes to the Work Related Activity Component that will be introduced from April 2017. The paper also includes information on the mitigating support announced by the Government.
23.09.2016Welfare savings 2010-11 to 2020-21
The House of Commons Library Welfare Expenditure and Savings Tool combines multiple sources of expenditure and savings data into one easy to use, up-to-date analysis tool. Users can track changes in welfare expenditure over time, analyse savings as a proportion of expenditure and identify key policy measures by benefit announced since June 2010. Total spending on UK social security and tax credits will be 218.4 billion in 2016-17, 28.3% of total managed expenditure. Measures announced since 2010 will save around 26 billion in the same year, roughly 10% of what welfare spending might otherwise have been.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: social security benefits, tax credits and pensions
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on social security benefits, tax credits and pensions.
08.07.2016Contribution-based Jobseeker's Allowance and private/occupational pensions
Contribution-based Jobseeker's Allowance is a benefit for unemployed people with a sufficient record of National Insurance contributions. It is not means-tested as such, but the amount of contribution-based JSA payable is reduced on a pound for pound basis by any regular income the claimant receives from an occupational or private pension in excess of 50 a week.
05.05.2016Support for Mortgage Interest (SMI) scheme
This Commons Library briefing paper explains the assistance available for certain households with their mortgage interest payments. Help with mortgage costs is available to claimants of certain means-tested benefits for people not in full-time work. The schemes are collectively known as Support for Mortgage Interest (SMI). Payments are made towards mortgage interest payments and are generally made direct to lenders.
25.04.2016Welfare reform and disabled people
The Library briefing provides an overview of the benefits changes introduced since 2010 affecting disabled people and their families, looks at the impact of the changes, and summarises responses from disability organisations and others.
14.03.2016The Benefit Cap
This House of Commons Library briefing paper explains how the household benefit cap operates and considers evidence of its impact to date. It goes on to consider the Government's intention to reduce the cap from 26,000 to 20,000 per year (23,000 in London).
19.02.2016Impact of the under-occupation deduction from Housing Benefit (social rented housing)
This House of Commons Briefing Paper summarises some key findings arising from research into the impact of the under-occupation deduction from Housing Benefit (also referred to as the 'Removal of the Spare Room Subsidy' or 'bedroom tax').
18.02.2016Welfare Reform and Work Bill 2015-16: Lords amendments
The Welfare Reform and Work Bill 2015-16 had its Third Reading in the House of Lords on 9 February, and the Commons is due to consider Lords amendments on 23 February.
12.02.2016Statistics on Migrants and Benefits
Data on migrants and benefits is incomplete and fragmented, not routinely available from a single source. This is because the nationality of benefit claimants is not routinely gathered by either DWP or HMRC when administering benefits or tax credits. This paper brings together the main available data sources - including DWP data on National Insurance Number registrations, departmental ad-hoc releases and responses to Freedom of Information requests - to analyse rates of benefit and tax credits receipt among migrants living in the UK.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
10.11.2015Welfare Reform and Work Bill (HL Bill 69 of 2015-16)
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading in the House of Lords of the Welfare Reform and Work Bill on 17 November 2015.
16.07.2015Debate on the Budget Statement
This Library Note provides background information on the Budget Statement which was delivered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne, on 8 July 2015. The Note provides a brief overview of some of the key Budget measures, before outlining the immediate reaction to the statement as expressed by members of the House of Commons and by a selection of organisations and commentators. It has been written to support the debate in the House of Lords on this subject scheduled to take place on 21 July 2015.
26.11.2013Pensions Bill (HL Bill 55 of 2013-14)
This Note provides background reading on the Pensions Bill, which is due to have its second reading in the House of Lords on 3 December 2013.
06.02.2013Welfare Benefits Up-rating Bill (HL Bill 78 of 2012-13)
The Welfare Benefits Up-rating Bill implements an announcement by the Chancellor in the 2012 Autumn Statement that increases in certain working-age welfare benefits and tax credits would be limited to 1 percent, rather than increasing them in line with inflation. This Library Note is intended to provide background information in advance of the Bill's second reading in the House of Lords on 11 February 2013.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
30.03.2015Measuring Living Standards
This POSTnote outlines different approaches to setting and measuring thresholds and their strengths and limitations. It also summarises research on recent trends in living standards and the key factors that influence them.
03.10.2011An Ageing Workforce
This POSTnote examines the main challenges to the participation and productivity of older people in the workforce.

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
31.10.2011INCOME TAX AND THE PERSONAL ALLOWANCE
That this House welcomes the commitment of the Coalition Government to increase the personal allowance to 10,000 by 2015; recognises that increases in the personal allowance have already ...
13.06.2011UNIVERSAL CREDIT DELIVERY
That this House notes that since only 15 per cent. of people in deprived areas have used a Government website in the last year, the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) may find that ...
27.04.2011TIME-LIMITING EMPLOYMENT AND SUPPORT ALLOWANCE
That this House notes with extreme concern the provisions for time-limiting contribution-related employment and support allowance (ESA) to 12 months included in the Welfare Reform Bill; ...
21.03.2011SOCIAL FUND REFORM
That this House notes that proposals to reform the Social Fund through the abolition of community care grants and crisis loans for general living expenses, and their replacement witha ...
13.12.2010JOBSEEKERS AND HOUSING BENEFIT
That this House notes that the Office of Budget Responsibility forecasts 1.36 million people will be claiming jobseeker's allowance at the start of 2013; further notes that in areas ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses