Terrorism

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on terrorism. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
08.11.2016ISIS/Daesh: the military response in Iraq and Syria
US-led air strikes against ISIS continue in Iraq and Syria, alongside a training programme to build the capacity of Iraqi security forces and local fighters. The UK has been conducting airstrikes against ISIS in Iraq since September 2014 and has been providing training assistance to Iraqi security forces and the Kurdish Peshmerga. Following a vote in Parliament in December 2015 the UK expanded its air campaign into Syria. The campaign to liberate Mosul in northern Iraq has begun and attention is increasingly focused on the eventual liberation of Raqqa in Syria.
28.10.2016Investigatory Powers Bill: Lords amendments
The Investigatory Powers Bill would overhaul the framework governing the use of surveillance by the intelligence and security agencies and law enforcement to obtain the content of communications and communications data.This paper provides an overview of significant Lords amendments to the Bill.
21.10.2016Commons Library Analysis of the Criminal Finances Bill (Bill 75 of 2016-17)
This Briefing Paper has been prepared for the second reading debate of the Criminal Finances Bill on 25 October 2016. The Bill aims to improve the Government's ability to target the revenue generated by organised crime.
11.10.2016Iraq and Syria update October 2016
What has been happening on the ground in Iraq and Syria?
19.09.2016The Philippines: September 2016 update
President Rodrigo Duterte took office at the end of June 2016 pledging to take a tough approach to criminals. Since then, over 3,000 people have been killed in his controversial 'war on drugs', about two-thirds at the hands of vigilantes. There have been protests both at home and abroad. Duterte is also pushing ahead with peace efforts in the south, where there has been a long-running insurgency, but observers worry that the new president could prove to be a 'loose cannon'.
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
25.08.2016The Occupied Palestinian Territories: recent developments
Security conditions have been worsening in the West Bank and Gaza in recent months, while the two-state solution seems to be going nowhere. The Palestinian leadership's attempts to gain state recognition have had some success, but have not improved the situation on the ground, as politics in both Israel and the Occupied Territories seem to become less conducive to a negotiated settlement.
22.07.2016Counter-extremism policy in English schools
The duties on schools in England to safeguard children from extremism, and promote British values
21.07.2016'Visa bans': Powers to refuse or revoke immigration permission for reasons of character, conduct or associations
The Home Secretary and immigration officials are able to refuse permission to enter the UK, or revoke permission already granted, for reasons related to an individual's character, conduct or associations. It is also possible for the Home Secretary to exclude a person even if they have not indicated an intention to travel to the UK.
09.06.2016Terrorism in Great Britain: the statistics
A paper examining some of the key terrorism statistics in Great Britain since 9/11. Data considered includes arrests, stop and search, prosecutions and convictions TPIMs and foreign fighters.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
13.10.2016Leaving the European Union: Foreign and Security Policy Cooperation
On 20 October 2016, the House of Lords will debate the implications of the EU referendum for foreign and security policy cooperation with European countries. Theresa May and members of her Cabinet have stated that they intend for the UK to continue to cooperate closely with EU partners on areas such as security, defence, law enforcement and counter-terrorism after leaving the EU, although it is not yet clear exactly what form such cooperation may take.
21.06.2016Investigatory Powers Bill: Briefing for Lords Stages
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of the provisions of the Investigatory Powers Bill ahead of its Lords stages.
12.05.2016Queen's Speech 2016 Day 2: Foreign and European Affairs, International Development and Defence
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen's Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
12.05.2016Queen's Speech 2016 Day 3: Home, Legal, Constitutional and Devolved Affairs
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen's Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.
08.01.2016Identity Cards in the UK
This Lords Library briefing provides background information ahead of the debate in the House of Lords scheduled for 14 January 2016 on the "potential use of identity documentation in dealing with the challenges of assuring the identity of individuals". It does this through a short chronology of the history of ID cards in the UK over the last century. It then provides more information about two key pieces of legislation: the Identity Cards Act 2006 and the Identity Documentation Act 2010.
27.11.2015United Kingdom's Role in Supporting International Security and Stability
This Library Note has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on 3 December 2015: "that this House takes note of the United Kingdom's role in supporting international security and stability in the light of the Strategic Defence and Security Review".

POSTnotes

DateDescription
25.10.2016Nuclear Security
In 2016, the US President stated that the danger of a terrorist group obtaining and using a nuclear weapon was 'one of the greatest threats to global security'. This briefing provides an overview of the key threats to nuclear security, and of UK and international initiatives that seek to address them.
25.05.2016Addressing Islamic Extremism
In the UK, groups that hold extreme views have included nationalists, the far right, and more recently Islamic extremists. Government policy has mainly focused on the latter although the Counter-Extremism and Safeguarding Bill, announced in the Queen's Speech and due to be introduced this year, covers most types. This POSTnote looks at Islamic extremism, radicalisation and deradicalisation, and the policy responses to violent and non-violent extremism.
09.03.2016Digital Forensics and Crime
Digital forensic science is the process of obtaining, analysing and using digital evidence in investigations or criminal proceedings. Digital evidence ranges from images of child sexual exploitation to the location of a mobile phone. This note looks at the use of digital forensics by UK law enforcement agencies. It covers how evidence is obtained, the legislation and regulation in this area, and the efforts being made to address the challenges faced by practitioners.
22.10.2015Automation in Military Operations
Automated technology is increasingly used in military activities such as intelligence gathering, navigation and weapons delivery. The most widespread use of automated technology to date has been remotely piloted air systems. However, each of the main military domains - air, land and sea - make use of automation. This POSTnote outlines current and potential future applications of automation in intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance and in combat. It then summarises debate over legal, ethical and societal issues, including debate over whether a pre-emptive ban is needed on future lethal autonomous weapons systems.
30.09.2015Forensic Language Analysis
This note examines forensic language analysis, the scientific validity of procedures and their applications, and explores the issues surrounding their use.
22.09.2011Cyber Security in the UK
Cyber security refers to defences against electronic attacks launched via computer systems. This POSTnote looks at approaches to cyber security in the context of large-scale attacks, with a focus on national infrastructure.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
14.11.2011Draft Detention of Terrorist Suspects (Temporary Extension) Bills.
Government response. Home Office report [Commons and Lords]
01.10.2011Legislative scrutiny: Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures Bill - government response to the...
Government response. Home Office report [Commons]
14.09.2011Constitution Select Committee (HL) nineteenth report on the Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures...
Constitution Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
06.09.2011Terrorism Act 2000 (Remedial) Order 2011: stop and search without reasonable suspicion (second report)....
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
07.06.2011Terrorism Act 2000 (Remedial) Order 2011: Stop and Search without Reasonable Suspicion.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
07.11.2011GUNPOWDER PLOT
That this House believes that the foiling of the Gunpowder Plot should be properly commemorated and that the significance of 5 November should be remembered; recognises the importance ...
12.10.2011ENDING COMPENSATION FOR THOSE CONVICTED OF INVOLVEMENT IN TERRORIST ACTIVITY
That this House notes with great concern the recent High Court judgement in Belfast where compensation was awarded to a man convicted of involvement in terrorist activities; and urgently ...
07.09.2011NEW DELHI BOMBING
That this House condemns the perpetrators of the bomb blast in New Delhi on 7 September 2011; sends its condolences to the families of the 11 people that were killed and the many others ...
13.07.2011BOMBINGS IN MUMBAI
That this House expresses its shock andrevulsion at the terrorist attacks on the Zaveri Bazaar, Dadar and the Opera House in Mumbai; is deeply saddened by the loss of life and suffering ...
14.06.2011COMPENSATION FOR UK VICTIMS OF OVERSEAS TERRORISM
That this House notes the continuing risks to British citizens abroad from terrorist attacks; further notes that the Government currently pays compensation to those affected by terrorism ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses