Students

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on students. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
03.11.2016Reform of support for healthcare students in England
This note explains the changes to funding for students on NHS funded courses in England, that lead to professional registration as nurses, midwives, or other allied health professionals as announced in the Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015. From August 2017 NHS bursaries which provide tuition fee funding, grants and living cost support, will largely be replaced by funding through the standard student support package of loans. The paper provides background to the changes.
24.10.2016The value of student maintenance support
How have student maintenance support levels changed over time? How has the balance between grants and loans changed? What will the Chancellor's Budget announcement on the ending of grants mean to this and to potential students?
17.10.2016Student loan statistics
Student loans are the main method of direct government support for higher education students. More than 10 billion is loaned to students each year, this is expected to grow rapidly and reach around 330 billion (2014-15 prices) by the middle of this century. The expansion of loans has raised questions about graduate repayments and ultimately the cost of the system to the taxpayer
19.09.2016Participation in higher education in England and the UK: Social Indicators page
Trends in participation including new figures for 2013/14
16.09.2016Adult further education funding in England since 2010
A summary of how funding for adult further education (including apprenticeships) in England has changed since 2010.
06.09.2016Applicants and entrants to higher education: Social Indicators page
Brief snapshot of changes in applications and entrants to HE via UCAS
05.09.2016Oxbridge 'elitism'
Interest in the background of students who go to Oxford and Cambridge is very longstanding. The 1852 Royal Commissions on both universities identified access by poorer students as an important and longstanding issue. The debate about elitism at Oxford and Cambridge has tended to focus on a single indicator -the proportion of students accepted from state schools- and particularly whether it has gone up or down in the latest year. This gives a limited view only. A fuller picture needs more context, including longer term trends in this indicator, rates of entry for other under-represented groups, data on other prestige universities and a better understanding of the types of state schools that send pupils to Oxbridge. Both universities now take more than half of their entrants from state schools, if overseas entrants are excluded. These rates are generally increasing, but the historical data shows that progress has been slow.
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
15.07.2016Freezing the student loan repayment threshold
In September 2012 the Government made significant changes to the student finance system: tuition fees for full-time undergraduate degrees were raised to 9,000 per year, the loan repayment threshold was raised to 21,000 and a new tiered rate of interest was introduced for student loans. In 2015 the Government issued a consultation on freezing the loan repayment threshold for five years. In November 2015 the Government announced in the Spending Review that it had decided to freeze the repayment threshold for all post-2012 loans until at least April 2021.
30.06.2016Higher Education and Research Bill 2016 [Bill No 004 of 2016-17]
This paper has been written for the House of Commons Second Reading debate on the Higher Education and Research Bill 2016. The Bill brings forward a range of measures to increase competition and choice in the higher education sector, raise standards and strengthen capabilities in UK research and innovation. The Bill implements the legislative proposals in the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) White Paper, Success as a Knowledge Economy: Teaching, Social Mobility and Student Choice and in Sir Paul Nurse's report, Ensuring a successful UK research endeavour: A Review of the UK Research Councils by Paul Nurse, November 2015. The Bill will establish a new body the Office for Students, create a single route into the higher education sector, create alternative payments for students and make changes to UK research infrastructure.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
12.10.2015Availability and Quality of Apprenticeships, and the Spread of Apprenticeships across the Labour Market
This Library Note provides statistical information on apprenticeships, based on the most recent figures published by the Skills Funding Agency (SFA). It then focusses on four key areas of recent government policy development in relation to apprenticeships: the announcement of a government target of three million new apprenticeships by the end of March 2020; the development of new apprenticeship standards
09.06.2011Education Bill (HL Bill 67 of 2010-12)
This Library Note provides information for the second reading of the Education Bill in the House of Lords.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
17.05.2016Education in Youth Custody
Recent government policy emphasises putting education at the heart of youth custody. A review of the youth justice system is due to be published in summer 2016. This POSTnote looks at the literature on the provision and quality of education in youth custody in England and Wales. And it examines the challenges in providing education to a population with particular needs.
22.09.2015Trends in Compulsory Education
This POSTnote focuses on trends in UK compulsory education and outlines where trends differ between individual nations.
18.12.2013Special Educational Needs
This POSTnote summarises the nature and diversity of special eduational needs (SEN) and discusses the support and outcomes for affected children and their families.
08.03.2013STEM education for 14-19 year olds
This POSTnote reviews the current state of STEM education for 14-19 year olds in the UK, highlighting key challenges and ongoing policy reforms.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
20.10.2011Government response to the Scottish Affairs Select Committee fifth report:
Government response. Scottish Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
19.07.2011Student immigration system in Scotland.
Scottish Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
01.12.2010Customer first programme: Delivery of student finance.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
14.10.2009Students and universities.
Government response. Department for Business, Innovation and Skills; Science and Technology Select Committee report [Commons]
20.07.2009Students and universities.
Innovation, Universities, Science and Skills Select Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
17.01.2012CAN YOU SOLVE THIS - CAMPAIGN ON IRANIAN STUDENTS
That this House notes the Can You Solve This campaign launched by students at 26 university campuses across the UK to date; further notes this campaign highlights the plight of Iranian ...
10.03.2011LABOUR PARTY AND TUITION FEES
That this House notes the comments of Lord Mandelson in the foreword to his updated memoir The Third Man that `I assumed, as the Treasury did, that the outcome [of the Browne Review] ...
10.03.2011YEMENI STUDENTS AT DE MONTFORT UNIVERSITY
That this House commends and welcomes the arrival of three Yemeni students from the University of Sana'a to study at De Montfort University, Leicester; recognises the hard work and ...
31.01.2011STUDENT VOLUNTEERING WEEK 2011
That this House notes Student Volunteering Week 2011 from 21 to 27 February; recognises the value of student volunteering for the community, education, business and the student; further ...
14.12.2010STUDENT VOTING
That this House notes that a number of constituencies and council wards have large but transient student populations; further notes that these students are entitled to register to vote ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses