Regulation

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Content published before December 2016

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on regulation. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
15.09.2016UK offshore oil and gas industry
This Commons Library briefing paper provides a summary of the state of the UK offshore oil and gas industries and outlines the industry, the regulatory framework and key challenges for the industry.
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
24.06.2016Nuisance Calls: Unsolicited sales and marketing, and silent calls
This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper sets out the regulations which seek to address nuisance calls, including unsolicited sales and marketing calls, and the main ways in which individuals can try to reduce the number of unwanted calls or texts they receive.
15.04.2016Competition and Markets Authority "Energy market investigation"
This Commons Library Briefing paper summarises the 'Summary of provisional decision on remedies' published by the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) as part of its 'Energy market investigation' on 10 March 2016.
09.03.2016Increasing competition in the water industry
This Commons Library Briefing Paper summarises the market reforms set out in the Water Act 2014 relating to increasing competition for the non-household retail market and the upstream market, including progress on implementation and background to the reform. It also summarises recent developments relating to increasing competition in the domestic retail market.
04.02.2016Phoenix trading
This Library briefing paper looks in detail at the legality of phoenix trading and at the personal liability of directors to the creditors of an insolvent company. In addition to the Insolvency Act 1986 (as amended) and the Enterprise Act 2002, this note looks at new provisions contained in the Small Business Enterprise and Employment Act 2015, which received Royal Assent on 26 March 2015.
05.01.2016Competition in energy markets in Great Britain
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the history of political and regulatory intervention designed to increase the competiveness of domestic energy markets in Great Britain. The Paper sets out the timetable for the Energy Market Investigation and summarises the provisional findings that the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has published. The paper also summarises the main actions that Ofgem has undertaken in the past to tackle the level and complexity of tariffs.
14.12.2015ECO, the Energy Company Obligation
This Commons Briefing paper sets out the details of the Government's Energy Company Obligation scheme that provides funding for energy efficiency measures for difficult to treat homes and the homes of 'those most in need.'
22.05.2015Company Audit Thresholds
Company Audit exemptions. By Tim Edmonds. SN/BT/2845.
17.11.2014Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill: Committee stage report
This is a report on the House of Commons Committee stage of the Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
20.01.2016Work of the Ad Hoc Committees in 2013-14
This House of Lords Library briefing provides an overview of the work of the five ad hoc Lords Select Committees which reported in the 2013-14 session.
30.10.2015Impact of Pornography on Society
This Library Note has been prepared in advance of the debate in the House of Lords on 5 November 2015 on the impact of pornography on society. This Note provides information on the definition of pornography and the current law on pornography. It also gives reference to recent evidence and a selection of key issues that have been raised in relation to the impact of pornography on both children and adults.
22.10.2015Bank of England and Financial Services Bill [HL] (HL Bill 65 of 2015-16)
This Library Note provides information in support of the House of Lords consideration of the Bank of England and Financial Services Bill [HL].
21.08.2015Productivity in the United Kingdom and the British Economy Beyond Austerity
This Library Note provides background information on the approach set out in the Conservative Party manifesto to economic and fiscal policy and summarises recent forecasts for the economy. In addition, it provides background information on the UK's productivity performance and summarises the main elements of, and both political and other reaction to, the Government's productivity plan. It has been written to support the debates in the House of Lords on the subjects of the Government's productivity plan and the 'British economy beyond austerity' scheduled to take place on 8 and 10 September 2015, respectively.
17.07.2015Energy Bill [HL] (HL Bill 56 of 2015-16)
This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the second reading of the Energy Bill [HL] in the House of Lords, on 22 July 2015.
28.11.2014Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Bill (HL Bill 57 of session 2014-15)
This Library Note provides background reading ahead of the Bill's second reading in the House of Lords on 2 December 2014.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
12.08.2016Automation and the Workforce
Automation technologies can reduce costs and raise productivity. However, there is considerable uncertainty over their potential effects on the UK workforce. This note provides an overview of how these technologies are being used; and potential implications for employment, skills, education and inequality in the coming decades.
09.08.2016Electronic Cigarettes
This POSTnote updates POSTnote 455 (January 2014), summarising the latest data on scale of use, safety and quality of electronic cigarettes, and their value as a stop smoking tool. It also explores the implications of the new EU Tobacco Products Directive and regulatory approaches in the UK.
24.05.2016Financial Technology (FinTech)
Financial Technology (FinTech) describes the application of digital technology to financial services. This POSTnote reviews how and why FinTech is being used, and the benefits and challenges it presents to the UK.
09.03.2016Digital Forensics and Crime
Digital forensic science is the process of obtaining, analysing and using digital evidence in investigations or criminal proceedings. Digital evidence ranges from images of child sexual exploitation to the location of a mobile phone. This note looks at the use of digital forensics by UK law enforcement agencies. It covers how evidence is obtained, the legislation and regulation in this area, and the efforts being made to address the challenges faced by practitioners.
29.05.2015UK Broadband Infrastructure
The growing use of smart phones and data intensive services (such as video streaming), has increased demand for both fixed and mobile internet. This POSTnote looks at patterns in broadband access and use, and the technical and policy challenges of enhancing UK broadband infrastructure to meet future needs.
28.05.2015Sugar and Health
Sugars can be added to food and drinks or occur naturally in fruit, vegetables and milk. A high sugar diet increases the risk of tooth decay and weight gain, and high consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks is associated with type 2 diabetes. This paper describes trends in sugar consumption in the UK, the public health implications and outlines policy options.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
27.01.2012A new approach to financial regulation: securing stability, protecting consumers, including Annexes containing...
Government response. Treasury report [Commons]
10.11.2009Regulatory Reform Committee.
Regulatory Reform Select Committee report [Commons]
10.11.2009Regulatory Reform Committee.
Regulatory Reform Select Committee report [Commons]
10.11.2009Themes and trends in regulatory reform.
Government response. Department for Business, Innovation and Skills; Regulatory Reform Select Committee report [Commons]
14.07.2009Themes and trends in regulatory reform.
Regulatory Reform Select Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
23.01.2012PAN EUROPEAN GAME INFORMATION ASSESSMENT CRITERIA
That this House notes with serious concern the present Pan European Game Information (PEGI) assessment criteria for video games rated acceptable for sale to 12-year-olds as established ...
15.03.2011FAIR TRADE FOR BRITISH FARMERS
That this House condemns the exploitation of farmers and producers across the world by companies who paybelow cost for goods produced by those who are already in poverty; celebrates ...
07.03.2011REGULATION OF LOBBYING
That this House notes that the new register of lobbyists published on 1 March 2011 by the fledgling ...
15.07.2010TRAFFIC-LIGHT FOOD-LABELLING
That this House expresses concern at the recent European Parliament decision to reject a mandatory front-of-package traffic-light food-labelling system in favour of a per cent. guideline ...
12.07.2010REGULATION OF THE LOBBYING PROFESSION
That this House welcomes the commitment by the Coalition Government to introduce a statutory register of political lobbyists; notes that a recent ComRes survey finds that such an approach ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses