Political parties

All Standard Notes
27 Documents
DateDescription
29.09.2014Members' Changes of Allegiance
A list of MPs who have changed allegiance from one political party to another or decided to sit as an independent MP
23.09.2014Membership of UK political parties
The UK's political party system is at a time of considerable change. Membership of the three main political parties is at a historic low: less than 1% of the UK electorate is now a member of the Conservative, Labour or Liberal Democrat Party. Yet membership of smaller, often nationalist parties has risen markedly. This note analyses the size and social characteristics of political party memberships.
08.07.2014Short Money
This note provides details of the current levels of 'Short money' allocated to opposition parties for parliamentary duties, and a brief history of the scheme. Figures for the corresponding scheme in the House of Lords (Cranborne money) are provided. The note also provides details of allocations made under the representative money scheme.
22.05.2014Pre-election contacts between civil servants and opposition parties
By convention, opposition parties are entitled to enter into confidential discussions with senior civil servants in the run-up to a general election. This note outlines the current arrangements and also provides a brief history of the convention.
24.02.2014Opposition Day Debates 2010 - present
A list of opposition day debates in the House of Commons since the 2010 General Election. With links to Hansard.
15.10.2013Transparency of Lobbying, Non-Party Campaigning and Trade Union Administration Bill: Progress of the Bill
This Note charts the progress of the Transparency of Lobbying, Non-Party Campaigning and Trade Union Administration Bill through Parliament. It complements Research Paper 13/51 prepared for the Commons Second Reading.
07.10.2013Party funding: background and developments since November 2011
This note briefly draws together Library material on party funding issues; provides a chronology of Sir Hayden Phillips' review of party funding; notes the information that the CSPL has published as its inquiry proceeded; notes press coverage the CSPL inquiry generated; and notes developments since the publication of the CSPL report.
08.08.2013Trade Union Political Funds and Levy
Trade Union Political Funds and Levy
18.12.2012All-women shortlists
This note looks at the background to the Sex Discrimination (Election Candidates) Act 2002 which allowed political parties to draw up all-women shortlists of candidates for elections; and its extension. It gives details of Labour candidates selected through all-women shortlists and methods of positive action used by the main political parties to increase the number of women MPs.
10.10.2012Non-domiciled donors-Political Parties and Elections Act 2009
This standard note briefly discusses non-domiciled donors in relation to the Political Parties and Elections Act 2009
10.09.2012PIL: Conservative Party: Chairmen of the party organisation
28.10.2010In Brief: Election in Jordan 2010
The forthcoming election in Jordan will not have a big impact on the country's political scene. Political parties are weak and the monarchy retains most of the power in the country.
06.10.2010Leadership Elections: Labour Party
This note outlines the rules under which leadership elections are conducted by the Labour Party and gives details of previous leadership contests.
03.06.2010Hung parliaments
This note sets out situations where there has been no overall control in the House of Commons during the twentieth century. It considers precedents and conventions governing how the monarch might decide which party should form a government in such a situation, and when a request for a dissolution might be granted. The note also considers how a minority government or coalition might affect the work of Parliament. Lastly, it looks briefly at the formation of coalition governments in Scotland and Wales.
17.12.2009Donations to Members of Parliament
From 1 July 2009 Members no longer have to report certain donations to both the Electoral Commission and Registrar of Members' Interests. The Note examines the history behind this dual requirement enacted in the Political Parties, Election and Referendums Act 2000 (PPERA). Section 59 of the Electoral Administration Act 2006 provided for dual registration to end, but implementation of this provision was delayed until July 2009. The Note also sets out the new limits on donations which have to be declared by Members, enacted in the Political Parties and Elections Act 2009.
27.07.2009Progress of the Political Parties and Elections Bill 2008-09
The Political Parties and Elections Bill was introduced into the House of Commons on 17 July 2008 and was carried over from the 2007-08 session. The Bill received Royal Assent on 21 July 2009. This Note summarises the debates and changes made to the Bill in the House of Commons and the House of Lords after Committee stage in the Commons
08.05.2009Electoral performance of the British National Party in the UK
This note provides data on the electoral performance of the UK's British National Party (BNP) in local and parliamentary elections. This note has been updated to include results from the local elections held in England on 1 May 2008. It also comments upon results from various elections up to 2006, as well as overall results from the 2007 and 2008 local elections.
26.03.2009European Parliament Political Groups
This Note looks briefly at political groups in the European Parliament.
22.10.2007Leadership Elections: Liberal Democrats
This note outlines the rules under which leadership elections are conducted by the Liberal Democrats and provides details of previous leadership contests.
27.02.2007Loans to Political Parties
This note examines the recent developments concerning loans to the main political parties and the provision in the Electoral Administration Act 2006 that in future all such loans should be treated in the same way as donations.
25.01.2007Youth parliaments and young peoples participation in politics.
This note gives details about some of the main organisations involved with organising youth parliaments and other initiatives to increase youth participation in the political process.
26.07.2006The Northern Ireland (Miscellaneous Provisions) Bill 2005-06 - Major Amendments
This short note examines major amendments to the Northern Ireland (Miscellaneous Provisions) Bill during its passage through both Houses.
27.04.2006Funding of Political Parties - A Brief Overview
This note provides a brief overview of the developments in and arguments over the state funding of political parties.
14.03.2006Power to the People: the report of Power, an Independent Inquiry into Britain's Democracy.
The Power Inquiry was established and funded by the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust and the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust to investigate why there has been a decline in participation in formal politics and to make proposals to reverse this trend. The report of the Power Inquiry was published on 27 February 2006.
07.12.2005Leadership Elections: Conservative Party
This Note looks at the current and previous rules for the election of the leader of the Conservative Party.
08.10.2004The "Grey" Vote - Social Indicators Page
The "Grey" Vote - Social Indicators Page. By Adam Mellows-Facer and Ross Young. SN/SG/3216.
29.06.2004The electoral performance of far-right parties in the UK
The electoral performance of far-right parties in the UK. By Jessica Yonwin. SN/SG/1982.
All Research Papers
12 Documents
DateDescription
27.08.2013Transparency of Lobbying, Non-Party Campaigning and Trade Union Administration Bill
The Transparency of Lobbying, Non-Party Campaigning and Trade Union Administration Bill was introduced to the House of Commons on 17 July 2013. This briefing has been prepared to inform the Second Reading debate on the Bill which is scheduled to take place on 3 September 2013.
16.12.2008Political Parties and Elections Bill: Committee Stage Report
This is a report on the Committee Stage of the Political Parties and Elections Bill 2007-08 produced in response to a recommendation of the Modernisation Committee in its report on The Legislative Process (HC 1097, 2005-06). The Bill has been reintroduced as Bill 4 of 2008-09 and is awaiting a date for report stage in the Commons.
30.09.2008The Political Parties and Elections Bill
This Research Paper looks at the Political Parties and Elections Bill, it includes impacts on the Electoral Commission and political donations and expediture.
11.04.2007The Funding of Political Parties
06.03.2006The Northern Ireland(Miscellaneous Provisions) Bill.
11.05.2005By-election results 2001-05
By-election results 2001-05. House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/34
28.07.2004UK election statistics 1918-2004
This paper has been superseded by Research Paper 12/43, UK Election Statistics: 1918-2012.
16.07.2003Parliamentary pay and allowances
Parliamentary pay and allowances. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/64. (Replaces Research Paper 01/87).
22.10.2001Sex Discrimination (Election Candidates) Bill (Bill 28 of 2001-02)
Sex Discrimination (Election Candidates) Bill (Bill 28 of 2001/02). House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/75.
07.01.2000Political Parties Elections and Referendums Bill - donations (Bill 34 1999/2000)
The Political Parties Elections and Referendums Bill - donations (Bill 34 of 1999/2000). House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/2.
07.01.2000Political Parties Elections and Referendums Bill - referendums and broadcasting (Bill 34 1999/2000)
The Political Parties Elections and Referendums Bill - referendums and broadcasting (Bill 34 of 1999/2000). House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/3.
06.01.2000Political Parties Elections and Referendums Bill - electoral aspects (Bill 34 1999/2000)
The Political Parties Elections and Referendums Bill - electoral aspects (Bill 34 of 1999/2000). House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/1.