Oil, petrol and natural gas

All Commons Briefing Papers
45 Documents
27.09.2016Shale gas and fracking
The regulatory regime for fracking in the UK is covered in this note along with comment on environmental concerns. It also covers the new access provisions and debate on fracking in during the Infrastructure Bill's passage through Parliament.
15.09.2016UK offshore oil and gas industry
This Commons Library briefing paper provides a summary of the state of the UK offshore oil and gas industries and outlines the industry, the regulatory framework and key challenges for the industry.
14.07.2016Commons Library Analysis: UK Fifth Carbon Budget
The Government has to set the UK Fifth Carbon Budget for 2028-2032 and decide whether to follow the advice from the Committee on Climate Change. The draft Carbon Budget Order 2016 is to be considered by the 3rd Delegated Legislation Committee on 18 July 2016.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: Energy
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on energy in the UK.
24.06.2016Energy Policy Overview
This note provides an overview of the current Government's energy policy.
15.04.2016Competition and Markets Authority "Energy market investigation"
This Commons Library Briefing paper summarises the 'Summary of provisional decision on remedies' published by the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) as part of its 'Energy market investigation' on 10 March 2016.
18.03.2016Road fuel prices: Social Indicators page
UK pretrol and diesel price trends and cross EU price comparisons
17.03.2016Petrol and diesel prices
This note looks at trends in the price of petrol and diesel at the pump and before tax, possible reasons for the gap in prices between the two fuels and compares prices and taxes in different countries.
11.03.2016Energy Bill - Committee Stage report
The Energy Bill has passed through the House of Commons Committee Stage. This paper summarises what changes were made in Committee.
19.02.2016Oil Prices
This Commons briefing paper sets out a review of oil price trends and an outlook for oil prices to 2040.
01.02.2016Help with energy bills
This Commons Library Briefing paper sets out sources of financial and practical help for constituents with domestic energy bills. It links to sources for more information. It also outlines policy developments in this area.
27.01.2016Energy prices
The price of domestic gas and electricity has been relatively stable over the past five years after increasing steadily through 2000-2008. There have been some price cuts over the past few years, but these have been smaller than the price rises. The cost of heating oil has fallen over the last three years with particularly large falls in the most recent year. In January 2016 heating oil was 22.81 pence per litre compared to the peak price of 64.5 pence per litre in February 2013.
14.01.2016The Energy Bill 2015-16: Background and changes in the Lords
The Energy Bill 2015-16 has been debated and Amended in the House of Lords. This paper provides a summary of those changes along with relevant background information for its debate in the House of Commons.
05.01.2016Competition in energy markets in Great Britain
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the history of political and regulatory intervention designed to increase the competiveness of domestic energy markets in Great Britain. The Paper sets out the timetable for the Energy Market Investigation and summarises the provisional findings that the Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has published. The paper also summarises the main actions that Ofgem has undertaken in the past to tackle the level and complexity of tariffs.
16.11.2015Domestic gas and electricity prices: Social Indicators page
Depiction of trends in the retail prices of gas and electricity since privatisation.
16.11.2015Energy Use: Social Indicators page
Trends in sources of UK energy and generation
29.05.2015Taxation of North Sea oil
This note gives a short description of the way North Sea oil is taxed, before discussing the reforms that have been made to the fiscal regime since 2000.
23.01.2015Infrastructure Bill: Energy and Climate Change measures
The Infrastrucutre Bill 2014-15 provides a number of new powers and regualtions that relate to energy and climate change. The note provides information on some of these for the Commons Report stage debate.
04.12.2014Infrastructure Bill [HL]
This is a 'portmanteau' bill, covering a number of separate but related areas.
14.05.2014Carbon Price Floor
Details of the Carbon Floor Price and the Government's announcement to freeze prices until 2020
27.01.2014Components of an energy bill
The latest round of energy price rises has brought increasing focus on the different elements that make up a domestic energy bill and particularly which are responsible for these price rises. This note describes the different component parts of a domestic energy bill and summarises existing estimates of the contribution of each part to current bills and contributions to past bill increases.
21.01.2014The Deep Sea Mining Bill 2013-14
Mrs Sheryll Murray MP came fourth in the ballot for Private Members' Bills and has introduced the Deep Sea Mining Bill 2013/14 which will receive its have its Report Stage on the 24 January 2014..
10.01.2014Taxation of road fuels
This note sets out the way in which road fuels are taxed, and the Government's approach in recent years, before discussing the recent debate about reducing the burden of high oil prices on road users.
30.08.2013Energy imports and exports
After spending most of the previous 25 years as a net exporter of energy the UK became a net importer in 2004. The gap between imports and exports has increased since 2004 and this looks set to continue to increase in the future. This, alongside higher fuel prices and increased concern over the security of energy supply has increased the attention on energy imports and exports.
12.04.2013Heating oil and other off-gas grid heating
This note sets out the regulation of the off-gas grid energy market, and possible sources of support for those who live off the gas grid and have to rely on other fuels such as heating oil or LPG to heat their homes.
12.03.2013Energy Bill: Committee Stage Report
This paper complements Library Research Paper 12/79 on the Energy Bill 2012-13. It covers the Bill's Second Reading and Committee Stages. The Bill seeks to implement electricity market reform and introduces 'contracts for difference' to support all forms of low carbon generation, including nuclear. Government amendments made during Committee Stage related to cheaper energy tariffs and setting a decarbonisation target.
13.12.2012Energy Bill
The Energy Bill [Bill 100 of 2012-13] seeks to implement 'electricity market reform' and through this achieve 'secure, clean and affordable' electricity supplies. The Bill was introduced to the Commons on 29 November 2012 and will have its Second Reading debate on 19 December 2012. A draft Bill was subject to pre-legislative scrutiny by the Energy and Climate Change Select Committee.
19.10.2012Road fuel prices and taxes across the EU: Social Indicators article
Looks at trends in petrol and diesel prices in the UK and the rest of the EU.
19.10.2012Social Indicators
A compendium of the latest social statistics. This edition includes articles on: UK aviation: airports and capacity; Road fuel prices and taxes across the EU; and a look back at London 2012.
20.09.2012Deepwater and Arctic oil drilling
This note outlines several examples of how previously inaccessible sources of hydrocarbons are now starting to be exploited, the regulatory regimes that surround this and the increasing controversy over drilling in the Arctic.
24.08.2012Winter Fuel Payments for 'off-gas grid' households
Four million (15% of) households in the UK are not connected to the mains gas grid and their average fuel costs are signifiantly higher than those with a mains gas supply. A Private Members Bill presented by Mike Weir MP aims to help older off-grid households by bringing forward the timing of Winter Fuel Payments to enable them to purchase fuel at a time of year when prices are likely to be lower.
18.07.2012Antarctica: the treaty system and territorial claims
The unique treaty system that protects the Antarctic is constantly updated and sometimes challenged. A current Private Member's Bill would implement recent changes in the UK.
19.01.2012Oil embargo on Iran and the threat to the Straits of Hormuz
EU countries are preparing to impose a new round of sanctions on Iran, to include an embargo on the import of oil. The US has also enacted new legislation which will target the Iranian central bank and make oil trading more difficult for Iran. Iran has responded with some threatening comments about closing the Straits of Hormuz, leading to a rise in the oil price. It has also signalled that it is open to re-starting talks. This note details these developments and gives some samples of recent expert commentary.
25.11.2011Tar sands
Tar sands (oil sands) have potential to provide a significant fraction of future global oil demand but there are concerns, acknowledged in an EC Fuel Quality Directive, about their environmental impact, not least on greenhouse gas emissions.
21.06.2011EU energy policy 2010 and after
This note outlines the development of EU energy policy since the Coalition Government first represented the UK at negotiations.
04.05.2011Energy Bill [HL]
This briefing on the Energy Bill has been prepared for the Second Reading Debate in the House of Commons. The flagship policy in the Bill is the 'Green Deal', a scheme whereby homes would be given finance upfront to make energy efficiency improvements, which would then be paid for by energy bill savings. The Bill would also set up a new obligation on energy companies to help certain groups of consumers with saving energy, who need extra support. The Bill also introduces a range of other measures designed to improve energy efficiency; such as facilitating the roll-out of smart meters, widening access to energy performance certificates and making information on energy bills clearer. The Bill also provides measures designed to help improve energy security, to encourage low carbon generation and to grant additional powers to the Coal Authority to charge for certain services.
21.01.2011Taxation of road fuels: the road fuel escalator (1993-2000)
From 1993 to 2000 Conservative and Labour Governments set taxes on road fuels by means of a 'escalator' - a commitment to raise duty rates by a specified percentage each year. This note is a short history of this policy.
21.01.2011Taxation of road fuels: policy following the 'fuel crisis' (2000-2008)
This note discusses the 'fuel crisis' of summer 2000, and the Labour Government's approach to taxing road fuels in the following years.
29.07.2010Coalition proposals for an Energy Security and Green Economy Bill
This note sets out the measures in the Bill alongside what was said about these areas in the Conservative and Liberal Democrat election manifestos, the formal coalition Government agreement and the March 2010 Conservative green paper Rebuilding Security: Conservative energy policy for an uncertain world. It also highlights comment on the proposals.
27.01.2010Turkey's energy politics
Turkey and its relations with its gas-rich neighbouring countries play a predominant role in the future of European energy security. Turkey hopes to use this as leverage in its aspirations to join the European Union. The array of Eurasian gas pipeline projects
06.10.2008Energy price rises and their impact on demand
Social Indicators article which looks at price rises across different sectors in recent years, the impact on demand and the implications of this. This subject will be looked at in greater detail in the Library talk on 3 November: http://hcl1.hclibrary.parliament.uk/whatsnew/talks.asp#144
23.04.2008Energy Bill: Committee Stage Report
[Bill 79 of 2007-08]
16.01.2008Energy Bill
Energy Bill. (Bill 53 of 2007-08). House of Commons Library Research Paper 08/05.
13.06.2007Working Time Directive: Offshore Sector
Working Time Directive: Offshore Sector. By Vincent Keter. SN/BT/1001.
12.02.2002Alternative vehicle fuels
Alternative vehicle fuels. House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/11.