Nationality

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Content published before December 2016

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on issues of Nationality. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
15.07.2016Commons Library briefing: The Common Travel Area and the special status of Irish nationals in UK law
There has been some speculation about how the Common Travel Area between Ireland and the UK and the special status of Irish nationals in UK law might be affected by a UK withdrawal from the EU. A Westminster Hall debate on 'Implications of the UK leaving the EU for the UK-Ireland border' is scheduled for 19 July.
12.02.2016Statistics on Migrants and Benefits
Data on migrants and benefits is incomplete and fragmented, not routinely available from a single source. This is because the nationality of benefit claimants is not routinely gathered by either DWP or HMRC when administering benefits or tax credits. This paper brings together the main available data sources - including DWP data on National Insurance Number registrations, departmental ad-hoc releases and responses to Freedom of Information requests - to analyse rates of benefit and tax credits receipt among migrants living in the UK.
06.10.2015Immigration Bill 2015-16
The Immigration Bill 2015-16 is due to have its second reading in the Commons on 13 October.
13.05.2015Constituency casework: asylum, immigration and nationality
Members of Parliament handle an enormous number of immigration, nationality and asylum enquiries from constituents. This briefing provides a brief overview of the UK's immigration and asylum system and basic British nationality law. It also outlines the legal restrictions on giving immigration advice, gives some suggestions on handling constituents' enquiries, refers to some sources of information that may be helpful for straightforward questions, and highlights training courses available to Members' staff.
30.01.2015Deprivation of British citizenship and withdrawal of passport facilities
In recent years there has been an increasing use of powers to deprive people of their British citizenship and withdraw British passport facilities, particularly in respect of those who may be involved in fighting, extremist activity or terrorist training overseas.
14.10.2014Organisational reforms to the immigration system since 2006
The UK Border Agency has been replaced by the Home Office directorates 'UK Visas and Immigration', 'Immigration Enforcement' and 'Border Force'. In July 2014 the National Audit Office found that there has been mixed progress in addressing the concerns that had led to the abolition of the UKBA, and concluded that it is too early to detect an impact of organisational improvement on customers and stakeholders. Her Majesty's Passport Office has also been brought under direct Home Office control, with effect from 1 October 2014.
23.06.2014Passport application fees
There are different fees for British passports, depending on whether the application is made in the UK or overseas.
13.11.2013Free passports for British Citizens born on or before 2nd September 1929.
A scheme was introduced in 2004 to provide free passports for British citizens then aged 75 or over 'in grateful commemoration for their wartime efforts'. The scheme is aimed at those who were 16 or older at the end of the war.
10.02.2012Biometric passports
This note provides some general information about the UK's "biometric' passports (also known as 'ePassports'), which it began to issue in 2006. The passports include a microchip which stores a digitised image of the holder's passport photograph as well as the biographical details printed on the passport. Non-biometric passports continue to be valid until they expire.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
08.01.2016Identity Cards in the UK
This Lords Library briefing provides background information ahead of the debate in the House of Lords scheduled for 14 January 2016 on the "potential use of identity documentation in dealing with the challenges of assuring the identity of individuals". It does this through a short chronology of the history of ID cards in the UK over the last century. It then provides more information about two key pieces of legislation: the Identity Cards Act 2006 and the Identity Documentation Act 2010.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
25.05.2016Addressing Islamic Extremism
In the UK, groups that hold extreme views have included nationalists, the far right, and more recently Islamic extremists. Government policy has mainly focused on the latter although the Counter-Extremism and Safeguarding Bill, announced in the Queen's Speech and due to be introduced this year, covers most types. This POSTnote looks at Islamic extremism, radicalisation and deradicalisation, and the policy responses to violent and non-violent extremism.
30.09.2015Forensic Language Analysis
This note examines forensic language analysis, the scientific validity of procedures and their applications, and explores the issues surrounding their use.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
24.03.2009Legislative scrutiny: Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Bill.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
29.11.2011BRITISH PASSPORT-ONLY LANES AT PORTS
That this House recognises the frustration and anger of many British citizens in having to wait in long queues at entry ports on re-entering the country; applauds the Home Secretary's ...
26.04.2011DISMISSALS AT LIVERPOOL PASSPORT OFFICE
That this House is deeply concerned that 14 Identity and Passport Service (IPS) Liverpool permanent passport office staff were dismissed without notice on 21 March 2011 due to a recruitment ...
03.03.2011REFUSAL OF UK VISA FOR HELEN BERHANE
That this House regrets the decision by the UK Border Agency to refuse a visa for Helen Berhane to enter the UK; recalls the enormous suffering and persecution endured by Helen whilst ...
16.02.2011IMMIGRATION AND NATIONALITY (FEES) ORDER 2011
That this House regrets the decision to approve the Immigration and Nationality (Fees) Order 2011 because for the first time it introduces the power of Government to charge fees for ...
11.10.2010MAPUCHE PEOPLE OF CHILE
That this House notes the continuing repression of the Mapuche indigenous people of Chile, the recent hunger strike by Mapuche political prisoners since 12 July 2010 and the demands ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses