All Standard Notes
12 Documents
25.11.2014Pre-nuptial agreements
A pre-nuptial (or pre-marital) agreement is an agreement made by a couple before they marry or enter into a civil partnership which sets out how they wish their assets to be divided if they should divorce or have their civil partnership dissolved. Pre-nuptial agreements are not automatically enforceable in courts in England and Wales.
08.09.2014Financial provision on the breakdown of a relationship
On the breakdown of a marriage or civil partnership, a couple may agree between themselves how to divide their assets and income. This may be embodied in a consent order approved by the court. When agreement is not possible, the court may decide an application for financial provision. In such cases, the court is required by statute to have regard to 'all the circumstances of the case, first consideration being given to the welfare while a minor of any child of the family who has not attained the age of eighteen'.
22.07.2014Humanist marriage ceremonies
At present, humanist weddings do not have legal force. The Government is consulting on whether the law should be changed to permit non-religious belief marriage ceremonies.
This note deals with the recognition of polygamous marriages; immigration issues; social security benefits and pension entitlement.
28.04.2014Married couple's allowance
Some elderly married couples and civil partners are entitled to the married couple's allowance (MCA). In April 2000 the MCA was withdrawn from all couples, except those who were already 65 or over. This note provides a short explanation of the allowance, and the reasons behind the Government's decision to withdraw it in this way.
27.01.2014Immigration Bill: Committee Stage Report
The Immigration Bill was introduced in the House of Commons on 10 October 2013 and had its Second Reading on 22 October. It is due to have Report stage and Third Reading on 30 January 2014. This Note discusses the main issues debated in Public Bill Committee.
17.09.2013Forced marriage
Following consultation, the Government has introduced clauses in the Anti-social Behaviour Crime and Policing Bill which will criminalise both forced marriage and breach of a Forced Marriage Protection Order. This note gives background.
16.07.2013Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill: Lords amendments
The purpose of this note is to draw attention to the principal amendments that were made in the Lords. It does not cover all minor or technical amendments. All the agreed amendments were Government amendments, many of which were moved in response to amendments proposed but not agreed at earlier stages, and commitments made by the Government to consider matters further. Peers debated many other amendments, on some of which they voted, but this note does not cover amendments that were not agreed.
17.11.2011Immigration: The minimum age for marriage visas
On 28 November 2011, the minimum age requirement for applicants and sponsors of spouse/partner visas will revert to 18. This change to the Immigration Rules is being made in order to comply with a recent Supreme Court determination that the previous age requirement (21 years) was a disproportionate interference with 'genuine' couples' right to family life, as provided for by Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR).
13.04.2011Immigration: Abolition of the certificate of approval to marry requirement
The certificate of approval to marry requirement was introduced in February 2005 as part of a package of measures designed to deter persons from entering into marriages of convenience ('sham marriages') for immigration purposes. It is due to be abolished on 9 May 2011.
21.04.2010Weddings: Residence Requirements
Weddings: Residence Requirements. By Edward Wood. SN/HA/644.
03.03.2010Marriage (Wales) Bill [HL]
All Research Papers
6 Documents
15.05.2014Marriage of same sex couples across the UK: What's the same and what's different?
Legislation in England and Wales (the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013) and in Scotland (the Marriage and Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2014) introduces marriage for same sex couples. The legislation will also enable civil partners to convert their civil partnership into marriage, and transsexual people to change their legal gender without necessarily having to end their existing marriage.
17.10.2013Immigration Bill
The Immigration Bill would significantly reduce migrants' rights of appeal; restrict access to services including private rented accommodation, bank accounts and NHS services by reference to immigration status; establish new arrangements for investigating sham marriages and examining persons departing the UK; and make various other changes related to immigration controls.
19.03.2013Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill Committee Stage Report
This is a report on the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill. It complements Research Paper 13/08 prepared for the Commons Second Reading.
01.02.2013Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill
The Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill was introduced into the House of Commons on 24 January 2013 and is due to have its second reading debate on 5 February 2013. It would introduce civil marriage for same sex couples, and enable religious organisations to opt in to conduct same sex marriages if they wish to do so. The Bill includes provisions intended to protect religious organisations and individuals from being forced to conduct same sex marriages. The proposals have proved highly controversial with interested parties expressing strong opinions both for and against same sex marriage. The Bill would also enable civil partners to convert their partnership to a marriage and would enable married transsexual people to gain legal recognition in their acquired gender without having to end their marriage.
20.07.2007Forced Marriage (Civil Protection) Bill [HL] Committee Stage Report
28.06.2007The Forced Marriage (Civil Protection) Bill [HL] Bill 129 of 2006-07