Legislative process

All Commons Briefing Papers
45 Documents
08.07.2016Summary of public bills: 1997 - present
A table showing the number of public bills introduced by session in each parliament since 1997 and the number that gained Royal Assent, becoming Acts of Parliament.
04.07.2016Ballot Bills in the House of Commons since 1997
This note lists the 20 successful MPs drawn in the Commons ballot for private Members' bills at the start of each parliamentary session since 1997.
30.06.2016Brexit: what happens next?
Now that the UK has voted to leave the EU, what will happen next? This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the immediate consequences of the vote and some of the longer term implications. This paper considers various questions about UK withdrawal from the EU and what is likely to happen in the coming weeks and months. The issues include the method of leaving the EU, continuing parliamentary scrutiny of EU business and the withdrawal negotiations, and the implications of Brexit for Scotland and Gibraltar.
30.06.2016Brexit: how does the Article 50 process work?
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the process of withdrawing from the EU under Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. There could be a complex and difficult negotiation lasting two years or more, or the UK could leave without settling its exit terms or its future relationship with the EU.
13.06.2016Wales Bill 2016-17
Briefing paper for the second reading of the Wales Bill 2016-17.
03.06.2016Carry-over of public bills
The carry-over of public bills from one session to the next was suggested by the Modernisation Committee as a way of reducing the fluctuations in legislative activity caused by Parliamentary sessions. After briefly summarising the Modernisation Committee's views, this House of Commons Library briefing paper describes the different approaches to allowing bills to be carried forward in this way in both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The note also reports the use of carry-over motions and provides examples of the form of words used in carry-over motions.
17.05.2016Successful Private Members' Bills:1983-84 to present
Private Members' bills gaining Royal Assent since 1983
18.04.2016House of Commons Budget debates and Finance bills since 1968
A list of Budget debates and Finance bills since 1968 showing Chancellors and length of speech
11.04.2016Private Members' Bills
This Commons Library briefing paper provides background information for the Westminster Hall debate on the procedure for debating and voting on private Members' bills, which is scheduled to take place in Westminster Hall on Wednesday 13 April 2016.
22.12.2015Local Authority Byelaws
This note describes the general procedures under which local authorities may make byelaws, and lists some of the byelaw-making powers currently available.
22.12.2015Acts and Statutory Instruments: the volume of UK legislation 1950 to 2015
This paper shows the volume of both primary and secondary legislation in the UK from 1950 to the present day.
04.12.2015Expedited legislation: Government Bills receiving their Second and Third Reading on the same day in the House of Commons
A list of Government Bills since 1979 whose main Commons stages have been passed within one day
13.08.2015Pre-legislative scrutiny under the Coalition Government: 2010-2015
This Briefing Paper reviews the commitments given on pre-legislative scrutiny and the draft bills published by the Coalition Government between May 2010 and March 2015.
15.06.2015EU Treaty change: the parliamentary process of bills
How does Parliament deal with EU Treaty amendments? Is primary legislation needed to implement them? This briefing looks at the parliamentary process of bills linked to the ratification of EU Treaty amendments and compares the amount of time spent on the major EU Treaties since the UK joined the European Economic Community in 1973.
09.04.2015Number of divisions in the House of Commons since 1945
Number of Commons divisions by session.
27.03.2015The Law Commission and Law Commission Bill Procedures
This note outlines the work of the Law Commission of England and Wales and desribes the parliamentary procedures used to implement Law Commission recommendations.
20.06.2014Programming of legislation - recent proposals
The Procedure Committee's recommendation that a trial take place in 2014-15 Session of a three-day deadline for the tabling of amendments and new clauses/schedules at report stage of all programmed bills will be debated on 8 May 2014. It is hoped this will ensure a timetable could be agreed for report stage debates.
18.06.2014European Union (Referendum) Bill and the Parliament Acts
The European Union (Referendum) Bill could be presented for Royal Assent under the Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 if it is passed by the House of Commons and rejected again by the House of Lords.
19.03.2014Public Reading Stage of Bills
This note reviews the proposals for introducing a public reading stage for bills; outlines the pilots that have been conducted; and reports on the evaluations of those pilots.
07.01.2014Private Bills in Parliament: House of Commons Background Paper
This House of Commons Background Paper sets out how private bills are passed through the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
11.12.2013Hybrid Bills: House of Commons Background Paper
This Background Paper outlines the procedures followed in considering a hybrid in the House of Commons.
02.07.2013PIL: Bills whose Commons committee stage has been taken in Committee of the Whole House
Consideration of Bills in committee of the whole House (CWH)
14.06.2013Retrospective legislation
This Note explains what retrospective legislation is and provides some examples, in the context of the Mental Health (Approval Functions) Act 2012 and the Job-Seekers (Back to Work Schemes) Act 2013.
23.05.2013Post-Legislative Scrutiny
This note outlines the background to and the Government's approach to post-legislative scrutiny. By January 2013, 58 memorandums on post-legislative assessments had been published. The note also gives some details of individual inquiries held by Select Committees in response to the publication of several Memorandums, as well as some detail on post-legislative scrutiny in the House of Lords.
18.12.2012House of Commons Background Paper: Statutory Instruments
This House of Commons Background Paper discusses statutory instruments and outlines how they are considered by the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
18.12.2012House of Commons Background Paper: Public Bills
This House of Commons Background Paper sets out how legislation is passed through the House of Commons and the House of Lords and explains the terms involved.
14.11.2012Acts and Statutory Instruments: Volume of UK legislation 1950 to 2014
The number of Acts has been declining over the last 20 to 30 years, but the number of Statutory Instruments has been increasing. This note shows the numbers of pieces of legislation over the last 50 years. It looks at both primary (Acts) and secondary legislation (Statutory Instruments).
12.11.2012Fast-track legislation
This note reviews the House of Lords Constitution Committee's inquiry into fast-track legislation and the Government's response. It reports how information has been provided to Parliament on bills that have been fast-tracked.
03.10.2012Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Bill: Committee Stage Report
This is a report on the Public Bill Committee Stage of the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Bill. It is designed to complement the Research Paper Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Bill (RP 12/33), which covers in more detail the background to the Bill
18.07.2012Timetabling of constitutional bills since 1997
This note provides some information on the amount of time the House has spent considering constitutional bills on the floor of the House of Commons during committee stage. The Note covers the period since 1997, when the programming of bills was first introduced.
07.06.2012Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Bill
The Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Bill introduces reforms in a number of areas.
11.02.2011Wash-up 2010
The wash-up period at the end of a Parliament allows a Government to get onto the statute book essential or non-controversial legislation that would not otherwise complete its passage through Parliament because of Dissolution. This paper describes the wash-up process; reviews the proceedings on wash-up in 2010; and provides details of Bills that received Royal Assent in each of the last six wash-up periods.
27.10.2010PIL: Government Defeats in the House of Lords
17.06.2010Reform of the House of Commons: The establishment of a Backbench Business Committee
This note briefly sets out the way in which the business of the House of Commons is currently decided. It summarises the proposals on the scheduling of business from the Select Committee on Reform of the House of Commons and the decisions made by the House on 4 March 2010. It considers the March 2010 report of Reform Committee and their proposed changes to Standing Orders, along with the Government's own proposals.
This note provides a brief outline of the procedures followed at the end of Parliament to ensure the enactment of some of the legislation that has not completed its passage through Parliament when a general election is called. The note also gives details of the time available for wash-up following the announcement of general elections since 1983.
05.02.2010Terrorist Asset Freezing (Temporary Provisions) Bill
On 27 January 2010 the Supreme Court announced that it had upheld the appeal in the case of HM Treasury v Ahmed and Others, which concerned the UK's implementation of United Nations obligations to freeze the assets of terrorists by way of two Orders in Council made under section 1 of the United Nations Act 1946. The Court quashed the Terrorism (United Nations Measures) Order 2006 and provisions in the Al-Qaida and Taliban (United Nations Measures) Order 2006. The Government announced its intention to introduce primary legislation to re-instate the asset-freezing regime.
19.01.2010PIL: Hybrid Bills Receiving Royal Assent since 1979
26.06.2008Deferred divisions
This note discusses the procedure and history of deferred divisions.
19.05.2008Modernisation: Programming of legislation
This note describes these developments and the background to them in more detail. It then describes earlier proposals for the timetabling of legislation. Finally, it reviews some recent comments on the programming of legislation.
17.01.2008The Disqualification from Parliament (Taxation Status) Bill
This Private Member's Bill is due to have a second reading on Friday 25 January 2008. It introduces a new disqualification procedure for members of both Houses relating to grounds related to residence and domicile for tax purposes.
04.06.2007The Freedom of Information (Amendment) Bill 2006/07: Progress of the Bill
This Note updates Research Paper 07/18 The Freedom of Information (Amendment) Bill, which was published on 21 February. Since then, this Bill has finished its Commons stages.
13.03.2007Commons divisions on House of Lords Reform: March 2007
02.02.2006Commons Divisions on the Racial and Religious Hatred Bill
31.03.2003Parliamentary Questions Debate Contributions and Participation in Commons Divisions
Parliamentary questions; Debate contributions and participation in Commons divisions: statistics for session 2001/02. House of Commons Research Paper 03/32.
14.03.2001Regulatory Reform Bill (HL):order-making power and parliamentary aspects (Bill 51 of 2000-01)
Regulatory Reform Bill (HL):order-making power and parliamentary aspects. (Bill 51 of 2000/01). House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/27.