Equality

All Standard Notes
27 Documents
DateDescription
18.07.2014Women in Parliament and Government
Just over one in five Members of Parliament are women. More women were elected in the 2010 General Election than at any previous general election. Prior to 1987 women had never been more than 5% of MPs.
10.07.2014Pensions: civil partnerships and same sex marriages
This note looks at the way in which forming a civil partnership affects rights to state, occupational and personal pensions and at the relevant provisions in the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013
22.05.2014The Public Sector Equality Duty and Equality Impact Assessments
This note provides an overview of the public sector equality duty, contained in section 149 of the Equality Act 2010, and Equality Impact Assessments.
09.04.2014The Equality Act 2010: caste discrimination
This note provides an overview of the concept of caste, explains the existing law and sets out the background to the order-making power in the Equality Act 2010.
05.03.2014Afghan women 2014
Many observers fear that limited gains in women's rights in Afghanistan are already being reversed and that the situation may become worse after the end of 2014.
05.03.2014Women in Public Life, the Professions and the Boardroom
How are women represented in public life, the professions and the boardroom? This note sets out key trends and statistics, covering politics, public appointments, civil servants the judiciary, the NHS, education and leading private sector vocations.
25.02.2014International Women's Day 2014: Background & Statistics
What are the trends for women's equality in the UK and across the globe? This document provides background statistics for International Women's Day 2014, examining international comparisons and UK-specific data. In the UK, women are 51% of the population but only 23% of MPs; 24% of judges and 17% of FTSE 100 Directors.
17.01.2014Married women and state pensions
This note looks at how married women can build state pension entitlement and the option to pay reduced rate National Insurance Contributions until 1977.
24.12.2013Domestic violence statistics
Summary of statistics on the extent and nature of domestic violence from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW).
18.12.2013Disabled facilities grants (DFGs)
Disabled facilities grants (DFGs). By Wendy Wilson. SN/SP/3011. This note provides an overview of entitlement to disabled facilities grants and the process by which they are funded.
28.08.2013Disabled access to historic and listed buildings
Disabled access to historic and listed buildings. By Wendy Wilson. SN/SP/3007. This note explains the interaction of duties imposed on service providers to ensure access for disabled people under the Equality Act 2010 with the role of English Heritage and planning authorities in ensuring that the character of these buildings is maintained.
18.06.2013Inheritance tax and civil partnerships
This note looks at the debate on the tax treatment of spouses and civil partners, in the context of the passage of the Civil Partnerships Act 2004, and the provisions in Budget 2005 to ensure the tax system treated each in the same way
23.04.2013Parking: disabled drivers
This note is chiefly concerned with the blue badge scheme; it also includes sections on the provision of parking bays and on off-street parking for disabled people.
03.04.2013Disability discrimination: access to goods, services and facilities under the Equality Act 2010
An overview of the duties owed by providers of goods, services and facilities to ensure that they do not discriminate against disabled people in accessing these goods, facilities and services.
20.02.2013Employment: Retirement Age
As of 1 October 2011, the Employment Equality (Repeal of Retirement Age Provisions) Regulations 2011 abolished the DRA.
24.01.2013Religious discrimination in the workplace: the case of Eweida and Others v the United Kingdom
This note examines the judgment in the case of Eweida and Others v the United Kingdom, handed down by the European Court of Human Rights on 15 January 2013. The case considered the restrictions an employer may justifiably place on workers' freedom to manifest their religion in the workplace.
18.12.2012All-women shortlists
This note looks at the background to the Sex Discrimination (Election Candidates) Act 2002 which allowed political parties to draw up all-women shortlists of candidates for elections; and its extension. It gives details of Labour candidates selected through all-women shortlists and methods of positive action used by the main political parties to increase the number of women MPs.
23.11.2012Mental Health (Discrimination) (No. 2) Bill: Committee Stage Report
This briefing has been prepared for the Report Stage of the Mental Health (Discrimination) (No 2) Bill on 30 November 2012. The Bill is sponsored by Gavin Barwell MP, who was fourth in the 2012-13 ballot for Private Members' Bills.
22.06.2012Women in business
This note lists a selection of research, organisations and publications on women in business.
27.03.2012Disabled adaptations in leasehold flats and common areas
Disabled adaptations in leasehold flats. By Wendy Wilson. SN/SP/3133. This note explains the law around securing adaptations to leasehold properties.
24.10.2011The Equality Act 2010 and positive action
This note considers the provisions in the Equality Act 2010 that allow positive action in respect of employment - it should be noted that positive discrimination continues to be illegal in most cases.
17.03.2011Labour's employment legislation from 2005 onwards
This note summarises employment legislation passed by the Labour Government from 2005
15.10.2010How fair is Britain?
24.05.2010Trends in GCSE attainment gaps
National improvements on the headline GCSE attainment measure have quickened in recent years. This has been accompanied by a fall in the performance gaps between different groups of pupils. Some substantial gaps remain, especially by different levels of poverty or deprivation. Others, such as those for most ethnic groups have virtually disappeared. These patterns raise the possibility that this headline indicator is no longer an an adequate measure of performance gaps that still exist and are clear on other measures.
09.02.2010Equality Bill 2008-09: sexual orientation and religious employment
Changes proposed in the Equality Bill regarding the circumstamces under which religious organisations are allowed to discriminate on grounds of sexual orientation in employment.
01.02.2010EU bibliographies: proposed equal treatment directive
Under its 'Renewed Social Agenda' the European Commission adopted on 2 July 2008 a non-discrimination package including a proposal for a new directive on equal treatment prohibiting discrimination on grounds of age, disability, sexual orientation and religion or belief outside the employment sphere. This Note brings together documents relevant to the proposed "Equal Treatment Directive" and its scrutiny in the UK and EU.
13.01.2010Maternity pay and leave
This note gives a brief account of statutory maternity pay and leave entitlements. It also sets out some proposed changes to this from the UK Government and European Commission
All Research Papers
17 Documents
DateDescription
10.09.2012Mental Health (Discrimination) (No 2) Bill
This briefing has been prepared for the Second Reading of the Mental Health (Discrimination) (No 2) Bill on 14 September 2012. The Bill is sponsored by Gavin Barwell MP, who was fourth in the 2012-13 ballot for Private Members' Bills.
15.10.2010Social Indicators
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include crime and justice, defence, education, elections, health and population. This edition includes an article in advance of UN World Statistics Day (20.10.2010) on statistical literacy. It also includes articles entitled 'Electoral registration' and 'Public opinion of the police', and a topical subject page: 'How fair is Britain?'
12.11.2009Equality Bill : Committee stage report
Legislation to outlaw discrimination has existed for over 40 years. Typically, new Acts have had as their focus one area of policy, for example, pay, equal treatment of women, race discrimination etc. Almost inevitably, the body of current law, introduced piece meal over such a long period, has developed inconsistencies of both content and approach. As well as introducing new requirements one of the main aims of this Bill is to harmonise existing law into a more coherent whole.
07.05.2009Equality Bill (Bill 85 of 2008-09)
Legislation to outlaw discrimination has existed for over 40 years. Typically, new Acts have had as their focus one area of policy, for example, pay, equal treatment of women, race discrimination etc. Almost inevitably, the body of current law, introduced piece meal over such a long period, has developed inconsistencies of both content and approach. As well as introducing new requirements one of the main aims of this Bill is to harmonise existing law into a more coherent whole.
23.01.2009Welfare Reform Bill: disabled people, child maintenance and birth registration
This paper is one of two which examine the main proposals of the Welfare Reform Bill 2008-09. It deals with Parts 2-4 of the Bill, which include provisions for a new right for disabled people to control how public resources are used to meet their needs, new powers to enforce child maintenance, and for the joint registration of births. See also Research Paper 09/08.
17.11.2005Equality Bill (HL) (Bill 85 2005-06)
Equality Bill (HL) (Bill 85 of 2005-06). House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/77
26.08.2005Employment Tribunals (Representation and Assistance in Discrimination Proceedings) Bill (Bill 14 of 2005-06)
Employment Tribunals (Representation and Assistance in Discrimination Proceedings) Bill (Bill 14 of 2005-06). House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/59
24.03.2005Equality Bill (Bill 72 of 2004/05)
The Equality Bill (Bill 72 of 2004/05). House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/28.
08.09.2004Civil Partnership Bill (HL) (Bill 132 of 2003/04)
The Civil Partnership Bill (HL) (Bill 132 of 2003/04): the detail and legal implications. House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/65.
07.09.2004Civil Partnership Bill (HL) (Bill 132 of 2003/04)
The Civil Partnership Bill (HL) (Bill 132 of 2003/04): background and debate. House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/64.
03.02.2004Carers (Equal Opportunities) Bill (Bill 16 2003/04)
Carers (Equal Opportunities) Bill (Bill 16 2003/04). House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/13.
09.06.2003Employment equality regulations:religion and sexual orientation
Employment equality regulations: religion and sexual orientation. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/54.
16.11.2001Age Equality Commission Bill (Bill 10 of 2001-02)
Age Equality Commission Bill (Bill 10 of 2001/02). House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/100.
16.03.2001Special Educational Needs and Disability Bill (HL) (Bill 55 of 2000-01)
Special Educational Needs and Disability Bill (HL). (Bill 55 of 2000/01). House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/29.
06.04.2000Local Government Bill (HL): the Section 28 debate (Bill 87 1999/2000)
Local Government Bill (HL): the 'Section 28' debate. (Bill 87 of 1999/2000). House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/47.
20.04.1999Disability Rights Commission Bill (HL) (Bill 73 1998/99)
Disability Rights Commission Bill (HL) (Bill 73 1998/99). House of Commons Library Research Paper 99/43.
21.01.1999Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill: 'Age of consent' and abuse of a position of trust (Bill 10 1998/99)
Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill: 'Age of consent' and abuse of a position of trust (Bill 10 of 1998/99). House of Commons Library Research Paper 99/4.
All Select Committee Reports
10 Select Committee Reports
DateDescription
01.11.2010Department for Work and Pensions memorandum to the Work and Pensions Select committee on post-legislative...
Department for Work and Pensions report [Commons]
28.07.2010Equality and Human Rights Commission.
Government response. Home Office report [Commons]
12.07.2010Women in the City.
Government response. Treasury report [Commons]
22.03.2010Women in the City.
Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
02.03.2010Equality and Human Rights Commission.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
09.12.2009Work of the Equality and Human Rights Commission, Scotland.
Government response. Government Equalities Office; Scottish Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
27.10.2009Legislative scrutiny: Equality Bill.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
01.07.2009The Equality Bill: how disability equality fits within a single Equality Act.
Government response. Department for Work and Pensions; Work and Pensions Select Committee report [Commons]
17.06.2009Work of the Equality and Human Rights Commission, Scotland.
Scottish Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
20.04.2009The Equality Bill: how disability equality fits within a single Equality Act.
Work and Pensions Select Committee report [Commons]