Economic policy

All Commons Briefing Papers
157 Documents
DateDescription
04.11.2016Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Key Economic Indicators
Interest Rates and Monetary Policy: Data on interest rates from the UK, eurozone and the US; a summary of the Bank of England's and international, quantitative easing policy.
02.11.2016Regional Growth Fund
This note examines the Regional Growth Fund, which is worth over 3.2 billion over the five years from 2011-12 to 2016-17. It is intended to promote the private sector in areas in England most at risk to public sector cuts.
02.11.2016Economic Indicators, November 2016
Analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators
02.11.2016Exchange rates: Key Economic Indicators
Exchange rates: Data on the value of the pound relative to other major international currencies.
31.10.2016Inflation: International: Key Economic Indicators
Inflation: International: Harmonised Index of Comsumer Prices data on international inflation rates.
24.10.2016Public sector employment by parliamentary constituency
This note analyses public sector employment by Parliamentary constituency.
21.10.2016Government borrowing, debt and debt interest: statistics
This is a purely statistical note on public sector borrowing (the budget deficit), public sector debt and government debt interest payments.
18.10.2016Inflation: Key Economic Indicators
Inflation: Data on both the CPI and RPI inflation indices.
14.10.2016Industrial strategy
Theresa May's Government has adopted a new approach to support for industry. This briefing paper brings together what information has been published describing the new strategy.
14.10.2016Government borrowing and debt: international comparisons
This note provides international comparisons of government borrowing and debt from 2009 to 2021.
04.10.2016Economic Indicators, October 2016
Analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
14.09.2016The Office for Budget Responsibility and Charter for Budget Responsibility
This briefing investigates who the Office for Budget Responsibility are and what they do. It also discusses the government's fiscal targets, which are included in the Charter for Budget Responsibility.
06.09.2016Economic Indicators, September 2016
Analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
30.08.2016Regional and local economic growth statistics
Statistics on the size of regional/country and local economies, recent economic growth in these areas, their contribution to total UK economic output, and comparisons of their living standards.
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
25.08.2016Scotland: Public spending and revenue
Public spending and taxation in Scotland was a hotly debated issue in the run up to the Scottish independence referendum, and has remained so since. A range of statistics exist on the subject: this note summarises what these say and how they are measured.
24.08.2016City Deals
This note provides an overview of City Deals, with details on the 30 that have been successfully negotiated since July 2012.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics 2016
This briefing paper brings together sources of statistics on subject areas covered by the Economic Policy & Statistics and Social & General Statistics sections of the House of Commons Library. In doing so it draws upon the knowledge of Library specialists, aiming to provide comprehensive topic-by-topic guides for use by anyone interested in the statistical series that underpin the United Kingdom.
05.07.2016Economic Indicators, July 2016
Analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
14.06.2016Local Enterprise Partnerships
This note examines the history and current responsibilities of Local Enterprise Partnerships.
13.06.2016In brief: UK-EU economic relations
This note sets out, in brief, some of the main indicators of the UK's economic relationship with the EU, including trade, investment, employment and the UK's contribution to the EU Budget.
02.06.2016Digital economy: statistics and policy
This paper is about statistics and policy related to the Digital Economy, which includes computer programming, telecommunications, manufacturing, publishing and data processing.
19.05.2016Infrastructure Policy
This note examines the current state of infrastructure in the UK, current levels of investment and recent Government policy.
03.05.2016Economic Indicators, May 2016
Analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
15.04.2016Bank of England and Financial Services Bill [HL]: Commons' committee stage proceedings
This paper summarises the Commons' committee proceedings on the Bank of England and Financial Services Bill.
14.04.2016Canada 2016
Canadians gave the Liberals a strong majority in Parliament at the 2015 general election, surprising many observers. How has the new government been getting on?
08.04.2016Local Growth Deals
This note looks at the creation of the Single Local Growth Fund and the process of allocating Growth Deal funding to Local Enterprise Partnerships.
06.04.2016Economic Indicators, April 2016
Analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
24.03.2016The budget deficit: a short guide
This note aims to answer some FAQs related to the budget deficit.
21.03.2016The welfare cap
This policy limits the total amount that Government can spend on certain benefits, including tax credits and housing benefit. Not to be confused with the household benefits cap which limits the amount individual households can receive.
18.03.2016Budget 2016: a summary
A summary of Budget 2016 and the Office for Budget Responsibility's forecasts for the economy and public finances.
17.03.2016Enterprise Zones
The Government has announced the location of 44 Enterprise Zones in England, with plans for a further 4. Businesses in these small areas will benefit from tax and planning concessions and superfast broadband.
11.03.2016Background to the 2016 Budget
The briefing sets out the background to the 2016 Budget which will take place on Wednesday 16 March 2016.
11.03.2016Economic Indicators, March 2016 - Budget edition
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
01.02.2016Economic Indicators, February 2016
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
28.01.2016The Bank of England and Financial Services Bill [HL]
This paper provides background and commentary on the Bank of England and Financial Services Bill which has its Second Reading in the House of Commons on 1 February 2016.
27.01.2016The Bank of England and Financial Services Bill [HL] Lords stages
This note summarises the debates in the House of Lords on the Bank of England and Financial Services Bill.
06.01.2016Economic Indicators, January 2016
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
23.12.2015Economic Indicators, December 2015
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
04.12.2015The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
A briefing on the background, negotiation process and controversial points of the proposed EU-US free trade agreement, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).
30.11.2015Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015: a summary
Updated analysis of the Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015.
25.11.2015Income tax: the additional 50p rate
In the 2009 Budget the Labour Government announced the introduction of a new 'additional' 50p rate on incomes above 150,000 from April 2010. This paper discusses the background to the 50p rate, the debate over its political significance and its economic impact, before looking at the Coalition Government's decision to cut the additional rate to 45p, and recent speculation as to its future.
23.11.2015Economic Indictors November 2015 - Autumn Statement edition
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
20.11.2015Background to the 2015 Spending Review and Autumn Statement
Background to the joint 2015 Spending Review and Autumn Statement, which will be presented to Parliament on 25 November 2015.
03.11.2015Economic Indicators, November 2015
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
05.10.2015Economic Indicators, October 2015
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
07.09.2015Improvements to Monetary Policy Committee Transparency
This note describes changes being made to enhance the transparency and accountability of the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee.
01.09.2015Economic Indicators, September 2015
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
06.08.2015Manufacturing: statistics and policy
Manufacturing in the UK - key data and a summary of government policy
04.08.2015Economic Indicators, August 2015
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
10.07.2015Summer Budget 2015: A summary
This note presents a summary of the Summer Budget 2015. This note provides an overview of the main Budget measures (see below), along with analysis of the forecasts, changes to the fiscal rules, changes to welfare, the National Living Wage, and public spending.
07.07.2015Economic Indicators, July 2015
Analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators
03.07.2015Background to the July 2015 Budget
This note sets out the background to the July 2015 Budget, the first Budget of the current Parliament.
18.06.2015European Union (Finance) Bill 2015-16
The Commons Library's briefing note on the European Union (Finance) Bill 2015-16.
02.06.2015Economic Indicators, June 2015
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
19.05.2015Key Issues for the 2015 Parliament
This book examines the key issues facing the House of Commons over the course of the 2015 Parliament - from the public finances to the UK's membership of the EU and from school places for children to climate change.
12.05.2015Economic Indicators, May 2015
Analysis of the latest key UK and international economic indicators.
18.03.2015Budget 2015: a summary
This note provides an overview of the 2015 Budget along with analysis of the Office for Budget Responsibility's forecasts.
17.03.2015Economic Indicators, Budget Update
This update is published ahead of the 2015 Budget. It summarises the main economic indicators currently available for the UK and other major economies.
13.03.2015Budget 2015: Background briefing
This note sets out the background to the 2015 Budget, the last of the current Parliament.
10.03.2015Sources of Statistics
This briefing paper brings together sources of statistics on 27 subject areas covered by the Economic Policy & Statistics and Social & General Statistics sections of the House of Commons Library. In doing so it draws upon the knowledge of Library specialists, aiming to provide comprehensive topic-by-topic guides for use by anyone interested in the statistical series that underpin the United Kingdom.
04.03.2015The aerospace industry: statistics and policy
This note analyses key statistics and presents details of how Government policy supports the industry.
03.03.2015Economic Indicators, March 2015
This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
03.02.2015Economic Indicators, February 2015
This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
20.01.2015Economic Indicators, January 2015
This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
13.01.2015US economy: developments since the 2008/2009 recession
US economic recovery from the 2008/2009 recession has been steady as annual GDP growth averaged 2.2% between 2010 and 2013. Unemployment has been falling but the proportion of working age adults in employment remains low by historical standards. Interest rates are near 0% and the Federal Reserve has bought $4 trillion in assets to try and boost the economy. Large budget deficits have seen fiscal policy become a key political battleground, although the deficit has fallen in recent years.
03.12.2014Autumn Statement 2014: a summary
This note provides a summary of the 2014 Autumn Statement, including changes to Stamp Duty, and the Office for Budget Responsibility's (OBR) latest economic and fiscal forecasts.
02.12.2014Economic Indicators, December 2014
This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
28.11.2014Autumn Statement 2014: Background briefing
This note sets out the background to the 2014 Autumn Statement.
18.11.2014Privatisation
Privatisation: This paper examines the economic policy which came to be known as 'privatisation' - the transfer of responsibility for an industry or the ownership of a company from the public to the private sector.
05.11.2014Economic Indicators, November 2014
This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
30.10.2014CAP reform 2014-20: EU Agreement and Implementation in the UK and in Ireland (updated)
CAP reform 2014-2020 has been agreed and is now being implemented. This paper sets out stakeholder reaction and key implementation decisions for the four countries of the UK, and also of Ireland. It updates the November 2013 version which was prepared as government consultations on implementation were still on-going.
30.10.2014GDP and the national accounts: 2014 revisions
The way GDP is measured has changed, with revised figures showing the 2008-2009 recession being slightly less severe than previously thought and the economic recovery stronger.
28.10.2014Quantitative easing
This note sets out the background to the policy, how it is expected to work and some possible issues related to its use.
02.09.2014Economic Indicators, September 2014
This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators
05.08.2014Economic Indicators, August 2014
New estimates published in July suggest that GDP grew by 0.8% in Q2 2014 and that GDP has surpassed to its pre-recession peak. The employment rate rose to 73.1%, whilst inflation rose slightly to 1.9%.
14.07.2014Public sector employment and expenditure by region
Public spending and public sector employment by region.
01.07.2014Economic Indicators, July 2014
This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators.
25.06.2014Russia and Ukraine - update June 2014
Ukraine is due to sign its agreement with the EU on 27 June; Russia's reaction is awaited
09.06.2014Economic Indicators, June 2014
This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators. This month's articles are: The eurozone's economic recovery and Spend, spend, spend. The changing face of retail.
06.05.2014Economic Indicators, May 2014
This paper features analysis of the latest UK and international economic indicators. This month's articles are The regional economic picture and The changing face of self-employment
02.04.2014Industrial policy, 2010 to 2015
Industrial policy is the way that government supports industry to boost the economy. This note surveys industrial policy since 2010.
21.03.2014Construction Industry Training Board Levy
Construction Industry Training Board Levy is paid by eligation construction firms. Money raised is used to pay for training and skill development.
14.03.2014Budget 2014: Background briefing
This note sets out the background to the 2014 Budget.
04.03.2014Economic Indicators, March 2014
This Research Paper series summarises the main economic indicators currently available for the UK, along with comparisons with other major OECD countries.
21.02.2014Economic aspects of Scottish independence: currency
This note discusses the pros and cons of the currency options which would be available to an independent Scotland.
21.02.2014Causes of the eurozone crisis: a summary
The causes of the eurozone crisis are summarised in this two-page overview, which examines why Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and Cyprus have had to take emergency loans - or "bailouts" - from other eurozone and EU governments and the IMF.
07.01.2014Economic Indicators, January 2014.
This Research Paper series summarises the main economic indicators currently available for the UK, along with comparisons with other major OECD countries. This month's articles: "Tax revenues: recession and recovery" and "Lights, roads, water - the fragile state of infrastructure investment"
16.12.2013Germany's 2013 election: shaping the future?
Where is Germany - the most influential country in Europe - heading, under its new grand coalition government?
11.12.2013Investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
10.12.2013State Aid
State Aid is financial assistance provided by EU Member States to companies or industries and is generally prohibited under European Commission law. This note explains what counts as State Aid, the motivation for the rules and the notification process.
09.12.2013Autumn Statement 2013: a summary
This note sets out the main measures announced in the 2013 Autumn Statement, presented by the Chancellor on 5 December 2013, and the Office for Budget Responsibility's updated forecasts for the economy and public finances. There are also overviews of policy announcements on the State Pension age, business rates, the cap on welfare spending and jobs and young people.
04.12.2013Economic Indicators, December 2013
This Research Paper series summarises the main economic indicators currently available for the UK, along with comparisons with other major OECD countries. This weeks articles are 'Who's looking for work? Differences between ILO unemployment and the claimant count' and 'Interesting times: inflation and monetary policy responses'
03.12.2013Autumn Statement 2013: background briefing
This note sets out the background to the 2013 Autumn Statement which will take place on Thursday 5 December. The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) will publish revised forecasts for the economy and public finances on the same day.
24.10.2013Japan's economy: from the 'lost decade' to Abenomics
The effects of the sluggish growth in the 1990s ("the lost decade") are still being felt today in Japan's economy. A new government has embarked on a radical plan to revitalise the fortunes of the world's third largest economy. These policies have become known as Abenomics, after the new Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
09.10.2013Economic Indicators, October 2013
This Research Paper series summarises the main economic indicators currently available for the UK, along with comparisons with other major OECD countries. This month's articles: "UK recovery: how strong and how long?" and "Scotland's currency choices"
18.09.2013The economic impact of EU membership on the UK
How does membership of the EU affect the UK economy? How does the UK's situation compare with that of Norway or Switzerland? This note looks for the answers.
10.09.2013Government support to exporters - in brief
An overview of the work of UK Export Finance (UKEF) and UK Trade and Investment (UKTI), and a summary of recent policy developments.
03.09.2013Economic Indicators, September 2013
This Research Paper series summarises the main economic indicators currently available for the UK, along with comparisons with other major OECD countries. This months articles: 'Getting real about earnings' and 'Safe as houses? The UK housing market since 2007.'
04.07.2013The outcome of the 2013 Spending Review
This note summarises the main announcements contained in the 2013 Spending Review.
01.07.2013Leaving the EU
The Treaty on European Union provides for a Member State to leave the EU, either on the basis of a negotiated withdrawal agreement or without one. If the UK were to leave the EU following a referendum, it is likely that the Government would negotiate an agreement with the EU, which would probably contain transitional arrangements as well as provide for the UK's long-term future relations with the EU. There is no precedent for such an agreement, but it would in all likelihood come at the end of complex and lengthy negotiations.
14.06.2013Background to the 2013 Spending Review
This note provides background information ahead of the 2013 Spending Review, which will be announced on the 26 June 2013.
20.03.2013A summary of the 2013 Budget
This note summarises the main points of the 2013 Budget.
14.03.2013Background to the 2013 Budget
This note sets out the economic and public finance background to the 2013 Budget.
07.03.2013Interest rates and inflation
On 7 March, the Bank of England announced that interest rates would be kept on hold at 0.5%. Interest rates have been unchanged for forty-eight months (since March 2009). The next interest rate announcement will be on 4 April. Inflation (measured by the change in the CPI) showed inflation at 2.7% in January 2013 for the fourth consecutive month and above the Bank of England's 2% target for the thirty-eighth successive month. The next inflation figures (for February 2013) are due to be published on 19 March.
05.12.2012The 2012 Autumn Statement
This note summarises the main points of the Autumn Statement.
03.12.2012Background to the 2012 Autumn Statement
The Chancellor will present the Autumn Statement on 5 December. This note sets out the economic and public finance background to the Statement.
30.11.2012Bank of England Asset Purchase Facility Fund Limited (BEAPFF)
This short note provides background on the recent announcement that the Bank of England is to transfer to the Exchequer excess cash held by the Bank as part of its programme of Quantitative Easing (QE).
24.10.2012The eurozone crisis: action taken by the European Central Bank (ECB)
This note discusses some of the 'unconventional' measures taken by the ECB in response to the euro crisis and the political controversy they have generated.
23.10.2012UK/India trade statistics
This short note looks at UK/India trade statistics and was prepared for the Westminster Hall Private Members' Debate on UK-India trade on Wednesday 25 January 2012.
22.10.2012UK - Russia trade statistics
This note looks at UK/Russia trade statistics
08.10.2012UK Trade statistics
This note looks at UK trade and provides a summary of the key statistics behind the UK's Balance of Trade.
12.09.2012Infrastructure (Financial Assistance) Bill
This briefing has been prepared to inform the Second Reading debate on the Infrastructure (Financial Assistance) Bill
30.08.2012European Union (Approval of Treaty Amendment Decision) Bill
This Bill enables the UK to ratify an amendment to Article 136 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union
06.07.2012Scotland's economy: current situation and issues related to independence
11.06.2012Credit easing: National Loan Guarantee Scheme and Business Finance Partnership
This note looks at the short history of credit easing (National Loan Guarantee Scheme (NLGS) for small businesses and the Business Finance Partnership) in the UK and recent evidence from the US.
29.05.2012Inflation: the value of the pound 1750-2011
The Library is often asked how the purchasing power of the pound has changed over various periods. This Paper provides a composite index of prices from 1750 to 2011.
25.04.2012European Regional Development Fund
This note explains how funding from the European Regional Development Fund is allocated across regions in England and sets out current progress on spending the funds. It also provides information on the 2014-2020 funding round.
25.04.2012Lending to business
This note sets out statistics available on lending to business and discusses recent trends in the data.
19.04.2012The IMF's resources
The IMF's resources come from quotas contributed by each of its 187 Member States (around 234bn in total) and from standing credit arrangements with certain industrialised and emerging economies (currently around 215bn).
30.03.2012In brief: provisions of the eurozone fiscal compact and economic issues
This note describes the 'fiscal compact' agreed by 25 EU Member States in March 2012 and associated economic issues.
22.03.2012The 2012 Budget
This note summarises the main points of the 2012 Budget.
16.03.2012Background to the 2012 Budget
This note sets out the economic, public finance and taxation background to the 2012 Budget.
29.11.2011The 2011 Autumn Statement
This note summarises the main points of the 2011 Autumn Statement.
28.11.2011Background to the 2011 Autumn Statement
This note sets out the background to the 2011 Autumn Statement which will take place on 29 November.
11.11.2011IMF quotas and proposed increases
Quotas paid by member states are the main financial resource of the IMF. This note explains how they work with particular reference to the UK, and describes the proposed changes that will see quotas double.
14.06.2011Parliamentary Material on Royal Mail and the Post Office from May 2010
This note provides information and links to Parliamentary information on the Post Office and Royal Mail from May 2010.
03.06.2011The economic crisis: policy responses
This note brings together the various elements of Government action to deal with the current economic crisis
20.05.2011The European Financial Stabilisation Mechanism (EFSM)
The EFSM is a 60bn facility to provide loans to EU Member States in financial difficulty. It is financed through borrowing secured against the EU Budget. Thus far, Ireland and Portugal have received support through the EFSM.
30.03.2011The 2011 Budget
This note summarises the main points of the 2011 Budget and the reaction to it.
28.03.2011Background to the 2011 Budget
This note sets out the background to the 2011 Budget which will take place on Wednesday, 23 March.
09.12.2010Welfare to work programmes: an overview
This note provides an overview of the main back-to-work schemes that offer support to unemployed individuals in their job search. The system is currently in a state of transition between the New Deal programmes of the previous Government and the Coalition Government's policy of replacing them with a new scheme called the Work Programme by summer 2011.
30.11.2010The 2010 Autumn Statement
This note provides background on the 2010 Autumn Statement which will be presented to the House by the Chancellor on monday 29 November.
24.11.2010Cost of a bank holiday
The latest Government estimate is that an additional bank holiday would cost the economy £2.9 billion.
25.10.2010Postal Services Bill [Bill 78 of 2010-11]
This Paper has been prepared for the Second Reading debate in the House of Commons of the Postal Services Bill. The Bill has four main parts. Part 1 provides for changes to the ownership structure of Royal Mail Holdings plc and its subsidiaries (including Post Office Ltd). Part 2 provides for Royal Mail's historic pension deficit to be transferred to government. Part 3 provides for changes in the regulatory arrangements for postal services and Part 4 provides for a 'special administration regime' should there be a risk to the universal postal service from the possibility of the provider becoming insolvent.
22.10.2010Background to the 2010 Spending Review
This note sets out the background to the Spending Review which will take place on 20 October.
22.10.2010The outcome of the 2010 Spending Review
This note summarises the main measures of the 2010 Spending Review.
19.10.2010G20 & the November 2010 Seoul summit
The G20 has met at leaders' level since November 2008. The second summit in 2010 takes place in Seoul in November. This note provides background to the G20, outcomes of summits so far, the agenda for Seoul, and the G8/G20 relationship.
29.06.2010June 2010 Budget: a summary
This note provides a summary of the main points of the 2010 Budget and the initial reaction to it.
18.06.2010Background to the June 2010 Budget
This note gives the economic, public finance and taxation background to the June 2010 Budget
30.04.2010Global Economic Crisis & developing countries
This note was last published on 26 August 2009 and will not be updated. In the early stages of the financial crisis there were hopes that it would be largely contained within developed economies, with developing economies having 'decoupled' from them. These early hopes proved unfounded, with developing countries struck by declining trade, a loss of investor confidence and withdrawal of investment, a fall in the value of vital remittances, and much reduced growth and contraction in some cases. There are also fears that aid flows may suffer in the aftermath of the crisis. This note summarises key reports and statistics, with links to further resources.
26.03.2010The 2010 Budget
This note summarises the main points in the 2010 Budget and the reaction to it.
09.03.2010Background to the 2010 Budget
This note sets out the economic and public finance background to the 2010 Budget.
10.12.2009Background to the 2009 Pre-Budget Report
This note provides the economic and public finance background to the 2009 Pre-Budget Report.
10.12.2009The 2009 Pre-Budget Report
This note sets out the main features of the 2009 Pre-Budget Report and the reaction to it.
19.11.2009The Lisbon Strategy
The Lisbon Strategy. By Dominic Webb. SN/EP/3404.
22.04.2009The financial crisis in the US: key events, causes and responses
The financial crisis in the US: key events, causes and responses House of Commons Library Research Paper 09/34
21.04.2009Background to the 2009 Budget
The 2009 Budget will be presented by the Chancellor on 22 April. This note provides background on recent developments and forecasts for the economy and public finances.
27.03.2009Iceland's financial crisis
The global financial crisis has been tumultuous for Iceland. Until recently considered a rich, successful and competitive nation, Iceland suffered a dramatic collapse of its economy and currency following the collapse of its banking sector in October 2008. It was forced to negotiate a loan from the IMF and further financial support from a number of countries, and saw the fall of its government. The crisis has led to renewed suggestions that Iceland may apply to join the EU and adopt the euro. Following the Government's fall in January 2009, a caretaker Government took over in February and elections are expected on 25 April 2009. The major partner in the caretaker left-wing coalition, the Social Democratic Alliance, was a member of the previous administration and is strongly pro-EU, but its new partner, the Left Green Movement, has said it will continue to oppose EU membership.
20.11.2008Background to the 2008 Pre-Budget Report
This note provides background to the Pre-Budget Report which will be delivered on 24 November. The note covers the outlook for the economy and public finances and the measures the Government may take to boost the economy.
01.07.2008Sovereign Wealth Funds
This note summarises the background to and issues surrounding Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs), which have received a great deal of political and media attention through the creation of China's fund and the large investments made by SWFs in various Western financial institutions during the global 'credit crunch'.
02.05.2007An economic introduction to India
An economic introduction to India. House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/40.
15.12.2006Statistics and Registration Service Bill (Bill 8 2006-07)
The Statistics and Registration Service Bill (Bill 8 2006-07). House of Commons Library Research Paper 06/66.
01.12.2003Economic indicators
Economic indicators. (Includes article on Background to the Pre-Budget Report - the golden rule). House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/86.
11.11.2003Inflation: the value of the pound 1750-2002
Inflation: the value of the pound 1750-2002. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/82. To see an updated version of this paper go to: http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/research/briefing-papers/RP12-31/inflation-the-value-of-the-pound-17502011
30.10.2003Monetary Policy Committee
The Monetary Policy Committee: decisions and performance. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/80.
04.06.2003The euro: background to the five economic tests
The euro: background to the five economic tests. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/53.