EU political integration

All Commons Briefing Papers
52 Documents
DateDescription
20.07.2015The UK and the EU: reform, renegotiation, withdrawal? A reading list
The UK will hold a referendum on whether to stay in the European Union by the end of 2017, after the Government has negotiated reforms which will benefit the UK. The Prime Minister is expected to outline these reforms to the European Council in June 2015. This paper provides a reading list of relevant publications on the UK's future in the EU.
13.07.2015The 1974-75 UK Renegotiation of EEC Membership and Referendum
Why did the UK Government decide to renegotiate the UK's terms of EEC membership in 1974-75? What was the outcome of the negotiations and what did the Referendum Bill say? This briefing looks at the Labour Government's renegotiation and indicates where there are parallels with the present Government's renegotiation agenda.
07.07.2015European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16: Progress of the Bill
The European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16 received its first reading on 9 June 2015 and progressed through Committee stage in the House of Commons on 16 and 18 June 2015. This note summarises the debates.
16.06.2015"Ever Closer Union" in the EU Treaties and Court of Justice case law
"Ever closer union" is an EU aim and is enshrined in the EU Treaties. Yet David Cameron would like to remove it - or to exempt the UK from it. This note looks at its history, its survival through several Treaty changes and its use by the EU Court of Justice.
09.06.2015EU exit: impact in key UK policy areas
If the UK left the EU, would UK citizens benefit? This would depend on how the Government filled any policy gaps left by withdrawal. In some areas, the environment, for example, where the UK is bound by other international agreements, much of the content of EU law would probably remain. In others, the government might decide to retain the substance of EU law, or to remove EU obligations from UK statutes. Much would also depend on whether the UK sought to remain in the European Economic Area and therefore continue to have access to the single market, or preferred to go it alone and negotiate bilateral agreements with the EU. This paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers how it might change be if the UK left the EU.
04.06.2015Exiting the EU: UK reform proposals, legal impact and alternatives to membership
The UK will hold a referendum on whether to stay in the European Union by the end of 2017, after the Government has negotiated reforms which will benefit the UK. The Prime Minister is expected to outline these reforms to the European Council in June 2015. What might the impact be of a decision to leave the EU? How would the UK leave? Would the UK join a different grouping of states or go it alone? Would EU or UK citizens or businesses have any vested rights? This paper considers the background to the EU referendum, the withdrawal process, various legal and constitutional issues and possible alternatives to EU membership.
03.06.2015European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16
The European Union Referendum Bill 2015-16 requires the holding of a referendum on the UK's EU membership before the end of 2017. This paper provides information about the provisions in the Bill.
19.05.2015Key Issues for the 2015 Parliament
This book examines the key issues facing the House of Commons over the course of the 2015 Parliament - from the public finances to the UK's membership of the EU and from school places for children to climate change.
16.03.2015Reforming the EU: UK plans, proposals and prospects
Prime Minister David Cameron would like to reform the EU and renegotiate the UK's relationship with it, before holding an in/out referendum in 2017 if a Conservative government is elected in May 2015. The UK's new relationship with the EU would be put to the electorate, who would decide whether the UK should remain in the EU under new terms or be the first Member State to leave the EU. This Note looks at what the Government is doing to tackle some of the perceived weaknesses of EU policy and procedures and looks at prospects for future reform.
15.12.2014The UK in the European Union: in brief
What has happended in the European Economic Community since the UK joined in 1973?
09.12.2014Main Treaty amendments since the UK joined the EEC
Many argue that the EU is a far cry from what the UK signed up to in 1973. This note looks at the major Treaty changes since the UK joined the EEC in 1973.
10.11.2014The UK block opt-out in police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters: recent developments
The UK Government would like to opt back into 35 measures in the area of police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters adopted before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, but will the other EU Member States agree unanimously on this? Will the Government manage to get approval for the draft regulations published on 6 November which complete the transposition of 11 of the 35 opt-back-ins?
24.06.2014A new Commission President in 2014
Will David Cameron succeed in blocking the nomination of Jean-Claude Juncker for European Commission President? Juncker has the support of most Member State governments but the UK Prime Minister thinks he is too integrationist and would not implement necessary reforms.
18.06.2014European Union (Referendum) Bill and the Parliament Acts
The European Union (Referendum) Bill could be presented for Royal Assent under the Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 if it is passed by the House of Commons and rejected again by the House of Lords.
29.04.2014Democratic Legitimacy and the EU: reading list
Is the European Union democratic? There is a vast amount of academic literature and a range of political views on the subject of the EU's democratic legitimacy and how it might be improved.
05.03.2014European Union (Referendum) Bill 2013-14-progress of the bill
This Standard Note sets out progress on the European Union (Referendum) Bill 2013-4 introduced by the Conservative MP James Wharton, who was first in the ballot for Private Members' Bills. Research Paper 13/41 European Union (Referendum) Bill gives full background to the Bill.
17.01.2014The Commission Work Programme 2014
The European Commission's Work Programme for 2014 sets out four priority areas in which it intends to act: economic and monetary union, sustainable growth, justice and security and external action. The UK Government broadly supports the programme but has some specific concerns and reservations.
01.07.2013Leaving the EU
The Treaty on European Union provides for a Member State to leave the EU, either on the basis of a negotiated withdrawal agreement or without one. If the UK were to leave the EU following a referendum, it is likely that the Government would negotiate an agreement with the EU, which would probably contain transitional arrangements as well as provide for the UK's long-term future relations with the EU. There is no precedent for such an agreement, but it would in all likelihood come at the end of complex and lengthy negotiations.
29.01.2013Regulation of Referendums
This Note sets out the mechanics for holding referendums. It summarises the applicable provisions of the Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 (PPERA) which regulate publicity and campaigning.
13.11.2012Referendums on the European Union
This Note charts the referendums on EU matters held in candidate and Member States since 1972, with brief details on turnout and results.
24.07.2012The UK and Europe: time for a new relationship?
This note looks at views on a referendum on the UK's EU membership, and government, parliamentary and public views on the UK's future relations with the EU.
07.12.2011Repatriating EU powers to Member States
The EU Treaties as amended by the Lisbon Treaty provides for the first time a Treaty base for the return, as well as the increase, of powers. Either would in all likelihood require a Treaty amendment.
20.10.2011In brief: leaving the European Union
The Lisbon Treaty allows EU Member States to leave the European Union. However, the process, as yet untested, would in all likelihood not be straightforward and would involve negotiating a new relationship for the UK with the EU.
05.07.2011The European Union Bill 2010-11: Lords Committee and Report Stages
This Note looks at Lords amendments to the European Union Bill 2010-11 covering Committee and Report stages, and Third Reading.
07.02.2011The Government's Policy on Europe
This Note looks at the Government's policy on Europe: first, at the election manifestos of the two parties, the Coalition Programme for Government and the Government's response since May 2010 to matters concerning the EU.
19.11.2009The Lisbon Strategy
The Lisbon Strategy. By Dominic Webb. SN/EP/3404.
09.11.2009The Lisbon Treaty: ratification by the Czech Republic
This Note looks at the ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon by the Czech Republic.
10.02.2009The Reflection Group Horizon 2020-2030
This Note considers the Reflection Group established by the European Council in December 2007 to discuss the future of Europe.
20.01.2009The Lisbon Treaty: the final four
This Note looks at progress in the ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon which was signed in December 2007. It updates Research paper 08/66, "The Treaty of Lisbon: an Uncertain Future" 30 July 2008, in this regard.
19.12.2008Progress on Enlargement at a Glance: 2008
This Note looks at the European Commission's latest progress report on EU candidate and potential candidate states.
18.12.2008The Lisbon Treaty: the European Council and prospects for Irish ratification
This Note looks at the discussions in Ireland, the European Union Institutions and other Member States about the prospects for Irish ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon. It considers the declarations on concessions agreed by the European Council on 11-12 December 2008 which are intended to facilitate Irish ratification in 2009.
20.11.2008Eurosceptic campaigns alleging the abolition of Westminster
This Note looks at a few eurosceptic campaigns alleging that the EU will remove England from the map of Europe and abolish the government and parliament at Westminster. It considers the EU instruments linked to such allegations.
30.07.2008The Treaty of Lisbon: an uncertain future
On 12 June 2008 the Republic or Ireland voted against ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon, throwing the EU into uncertain waters once again. Although most Member States, including the UK, have continued with the ratification processes, the future of the Lisbon Treaty remains uncertain.
24.01.2008The Treaty of Lisbon: amendments to the Treaty on European Union
06.12.2007The Treaty of Lisbon: amendments to the Treaty establishing the European Community.
22.11.2007The EU Reform Treaty: amendments to the Treaty on European Union
The EU Reform Treaty: amendments to the Treaty on European Union. House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/80.
24.07.2007EU Reform: a new treaty or an old constitution?
13.06.2005The Future of the European Constitution
The Future of the European Constitution. House of Commons Library Research paper 05/45.
03.02.2005European Union Bill (Bill 45 of 2004/05)
06.09.2004The Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe: part 1
The Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe: part 1. House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/66.
10.05.2004IGC 2004: issues surrounding UK ratification of the European Constitution
IGC 2004: issues surrounding UK ratification of the European Constitution. By Vaughne Miller. SN/IA/3040.
12.06.2003The Convention on the Future of Europe: institutional reform
The Convention on the Future of Europe: institutional reform. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/56.
18.03.2003Convention on the Future of Europe
The Convention on the Future of Europe: proposals for a European Constitution. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/23.
14.02.2003The convention on the future of Europe:the deliberating phase
The convention on the future of Europe: the deliberating phase. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/16.
04.12.2002European Parliament (Representation) Bill (HL 7 2002/03)
European Parliament (Representation) Bill ( Bill 7 of 2002/03).House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/78.
08.03.2002Laeken declaration and the convention on the future of Europe
The Laeken declaration and the convention on the future of Europe. House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/14.
28.06.2001European Communities (Amendment) Bill 2001/02
The European Communities (Amendment) Bill: implementing the Treaty of Nice. House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/61.
21.06.2001Irish Referendum on the Treaty of Nice
The Irish referendum on the Treaty of Nice. House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/57.
01.05.2001Treaty of Nice and the future of europe debate
The Treaty of Nice and the future of Europe debate. House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/49.
21.11.2000IGC 2000 enhanced cooperation
IGC 2000: enhanced co-operation. House of Commons Research Paper 00/88.
27.10.2000IGC 2000: from Feira to Biarritz
IGC 2000: from Feira to Biarritz. House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/83.
19.04.2000Intergovernmental conference 2000
Intergovernmental Conference 2000: the main agenda. House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/49.