EU institutions

All Standard Notes
25 Documents
DateDescription
30.01.2014European banking union
This note brings together the main documents and developments regarding the European Community's attempts to create a more pan-Community supervisory and recovery mechanism for members' banking sectors. Significant new measures were approved of in December 2013.
21.01.2014The European Union: a guide to terminology, procedures and sources - House of Commons Background Paper
This Note aims to clarify some of the terminology used to describe the institutions, laws and procedures of the European Union. It also provides links to useful sources of information on the EU.
09.01.2014European Union Current Information
European Union Current Information. By Julia Keddie. SN/IA/2034.
07.06.2013Proposal to increase the number of EU Court of Justice Advocates-General
This Note looks at a draft Council decision to increase the number of Advocates-General at the EU Court of Justice in the context of reform of the EU Court of Justice.
26.02.2013European Union (Approvals) Bill [HL] 2012-13: Committee Stage Report
The European Union (Approvals) Bill [HL] 2012-13 seeks to approve three EU draft decisions before the UK Government can approve their adoption in the EU Council.
29.01.2013EU Staff Salaries
EU staff salaries have been the subject of some criticism in recent months. This Note pulls together the various strands in the EU staff salaries debate.
24.10.2012The eurozone crisis: action taken by the European Central Bank (ECB)
This note discusses some of the 'unconventional' measures taken by the ECB in response to the euro crisis and the political controversy they have generated.
13.04.2012EU bibliographies: European External Action Service
This Note brings together documents relevant to the proposed legislation establishing the organisation and functioning of the European External Action Service and its scrutiny in the UK and the EU. It is not an attempt to define policy in this area. For information on the institutional issues or policy developments, contact Vaughne Miller on extn 4327 or Claire Taylor on extn 3852. See also SN/IA/5558 The European External Action Service
12.04.2012National Parliaments and EU law-making: how is the 'yellow card' system working?
This Note considers the background to the 'yellow card' subsidiarity early warning mechanism and its application in practice since the Lisbon Treaty came into force.
08.11.2011Scotland, independence and the EU
If Scotland became independent, would it automatically remain a member of the European Union (EU) - or would it have to go through the whole accession process for new Member States, either alone or alongside the rest of the UK?
20.10.2011Switzerland's relationship with the EU
Although Switzerland is not a member of the EU, it has chosen to cooperate with the EU in a number of areas of specific interest.
19.10.2011UK Government opt-in decisions in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
The creation of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice is based on the Tampere (1999-04), Hague (2004-09) and Stockholm (2010-14) programmes. It derives from the pre-Lisbon Title IV TEC (Visas, asylum, immigration and other policies related to free movement of persons) and Title VI TEU (Provisions on police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters) and is now Title V of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, the 'Area of freedom, security and justice' (AFSJ). The AFSJ therefore comprises policies relating to border controls, asylum and immigration; judicial cooperation in civil matters; judicial cooperation in criminal matters and police cooperation.
20.05.2011The European Union at the United Nations
In May 2011 the United Nations General Assembly voted in favour of Resolution A/RES/65/276, which granted the EU the right to speak at the United Nations. This Note looks at the background to the vote and the issues involved.
16.05.2011The European Charter of Fundamental Rights: the Commission's Strategy for Implementation
This Note looks the European Commission's "Strategy for the effective implementation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights". It also considers government and parliament views of the Charter.
17.01.2011The European External Action Service
This Note looks at the European External Action Service established by the Treaty of Lisbon in December 2009 and provides links to relevant documentation.
08.04.2010UK Public Opinion on the European Union
This Note provides links to a selection of opinion polls showing UK views on different aspects of our membership of the European Union.
24.03.2010EU Legislation
This Note considers the different types of EU legislative instruments and their implementation requirements. It also gives figures for EU laws adopted since 1980 and repealed since 1997, as well as an estimate of the proportion of UK secondary legislation made under the ECA to implement EU obligations.
18.03.2010European Parliament Members' expenses and allowances
This Note looks at the background to recent reform of the European Parliament expenses and allowances system. It provides information on the current expenses regime, with links to political party pledges and declarations of interest.
11.03.2010Taking a complaint to the Court of Justice of the European Union
This Note sets out how individuals who believe they are victims of a government's failure to respect an EU obligation, or that they have been negatively affected by an EU act or a failure to act, can seek judicial and non-judicial remedies.
08.02.2010Implementing the Lisbon Treaty
This Note looks at how the Lisbon Treaty, which came into force on 1 December 2009, is being implemented. It also considers how the UK might scrutinise the new procedures contained in the Treaty.
15.01.2010Sources of International Social Statistics
International sources of social statistics. By Kathryn Keith. SN/SG/3140.
18.11.2009The Lisbon Treaty: choosing a High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy
This Note looks at the role of the new High Representative for EU foreign affairs and security policy, the method of appointment and possible candidates for the job. It does not consider the new European External Action Service.
01.10.2009The 2009 Swedish Presidency of the EU
This Note looks at the Swedish European Union Presidency programme, its priorities and some of the issues and events that have dominated the first half of the Presidency. It also considers matters that are likely to occupy the Presidency until the end of 2009.
20.01.2009The Lisbon Treaty: the final four
This Note looks at progress in the ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon which was signed in December 2007. It updates Research paper 08/66, "The Treaty of Lisbon: an Uncertain Future" 30 July 2008, in this regard.
22.10.2008The European Union Symbols and their Adoption by the European Parliament
This Note considers the symbols traditionally used by the European Union institutions and the recent formal adoption of them by the European Parliament.
All Research Papers
22 Documents
DateDescription
01.07.2013Leaving the EU
The Treaty on European Union provides for a Member State to leave the EU, either on the basis of a negotiated withdrawal agreement or without one. If the UK were to leave the EU following a referendum, it is likely that the Government would negotiate an agreement with the EU, which would probably contain transitional arrangements as well as provide for the UK's long-term future relations with the EU. There is no precedent for such an agreement, but it would in all likelihood come at the end of complex and lengthy negotiations.
31.01.2013European Union (Approvals) Bill
The European Union (Approvals) Bill (HC Bill 121) aims to approve two draft EU Council decisions and one draft decision of the European Council (the EU Heads of State and Government).
01.11.2012European Union (Croatian Accession and Irish Protocol) Bill [Bill 76 of 2012-13]
Croatia is expected to join the EU in July 2013. This Bill would allow the UK to ratify Croatia's accession treaty and would also cover the Protocol to the Lisbon Treaty put forward by the Irish Government.
27.03.2012The Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union: political issues
This paper looks at the background to the TSCG, the reasons for the UK's non-participation and some of the issues it raises, such as its effectiveness, its relationship with the EU Treaties and EU law, the use of the EU institutions in a non-EU treaty, and whether it could give rise to a 'two-speed' Europe and further UK isolation in the EU.
30.07.2008The Treaty of Lisbon: an uncertain future
On 12 June 2008 the Republic or Ireland voted against ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon, throwing the EU into uncertain waters once again. Although most Member States, including the UK, have continued with the ratification processes, the future of the Lisbon Treaty remains uncertain.
24.01.2008The Treaty of Lisbon: amendments to the Treaty on European Union
15.01.2008European Union (Amendment) Bill [Bill 48 of 2007-08]
06.12.2007The Treaty of Lisbon: amendments to the Treaty establishing the European Community.
22.11.2007The EU Reform Treaty: amendments to the Treaty on European Union
The EU Reform Treaty: amendments to the Treaty on European Union. House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/80.
03.02.2005European Union Bill (Bill 45 of 2004/05)
25.11.2004The treaty establishing a constitution for Europe - the Charter of Fundamental Rights
This Paper looks at Part II of the Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe (the 'European Constitution'), which was agreed at the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) on 18 June 2004 and published in its final, edited form on 13 October 2004.
21.10.2004The treaty establishing a constitution for Europe: part IV and protocols
The treaty establishing a constitution for Europe: part IV and protocols. House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/77.
08.10.2004The treaty establishing a constitution for Europe: part III
This Paper looks at Part III of the Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe (the European Constitution), which was agreed at the Intergovernmental Conference on 18 June 2004 and published in edited form on 6 August 2004.
06.09.2004The Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe: part 1
The Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe: part 1. House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/66.
07.07.2004The extension of qualified majority voting from the Treaty of Rome to the European Constitution
This Paper traces the extension of Qualified Majority Voting in the European Union in Treaty amendments since the 1957 Treaty of Rome.
07.07.2003A Draft Treaty Establishing a European Constitution
The draft treaty establishing a European constitution: technical and constitutional issues in Parts I and IV. House of Commons Library Research paper 03/60.
07.07.2003A Draft Treaty Establishing a European Constitution
A draft treaty establishing a European constitution: parts II and III. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/58.
12.06.2003The Convention on the Future of Europe: institutional reform
The Convention on the Future of Europe: institutional reform. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/56.
19.05.2003Enlargement and the European Union (Accessions) Bill (Bill 98 of 2002/03)
Enlargement and the European Union (Accessions) Bill. (Bill 98 of 2002/03). House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/48.
18.03.2003Convention on the Future of Europe
The Convention on the Future of Europe: proposals for a European Constitution. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/23.
14.02.2003The convention on the future of Europe:the deliberating phase
The convention on the future of Europe: the deliberating phase. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/16.
20.05.1999Institutional reform in the European Union
Institutional reform in the European Union. House of Commons Library Research Paper 99/54.
All Select Committee Reports
12 Select Committee Reports
DateDescription
29.03.2011Workload of the Court of Justice of the European Union.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
14.12.2010Annual report 2010.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
14.12.2010Government and Commission responses for session 2009-2010.
Government response. European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
06.04.2010Government and Commission Responses: Session 2008-09.
Government response. European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
12.01.2010Correspondence with Ministers November 2007 to April 2008.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
24.11.2009Proposals for European financial supervision: further report.
Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
11.11.2009The Committee's opinion on proposals for European financial supervision.
Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
03.11.2009Annual report 2009.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
03.11.2009Government and Commission responses for session 2007-08; remaining Government responses.
Government response. European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
09.06.2009Access to EU documents.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
19.05.2009Correspondence with Ministers May to October 2007.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
21.04.2009Priorities of the European Union: evidence from the Ambassador of the Czech Republic and the Minister...
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]