Crown

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  • This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on the Crown and the monarchy. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

    Commons Briefing Papers

    DateDescription
    14.11.2016Brexit and the EU Court
    The High Court has appealed to the Supreme Court for a decision on whether the Government can start the Brexit process by triggering Article 50 TEU using Prerogative powers. Some press reports said the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) would have the last word on this. But can the CJEU rule on matters of UK constitutional Law? Many experts believe that the question central to the case, but not ruled on by the High Court, was whether Article 50 can be withdrawn. If it can be revoked, then the argument that Article 50 notice leads inevitably to a loss of rights under the European Communities Act 1972 might not hold. This paper looks at the questions of revocability and referral to the EU Court.
    04.08.2016Honours: History and reviews
    Honours awarded today are mostly part of the Order of the British Empire, which was established in 1917. Almost from the beginning there was controversy about who should receive honours and suggestions of impropriety, particularly in the award of honours for political service. This paper summarises the various reviews of the system and the changes made.
    03.08.2016Constituency Casework: Honours
    This Commons Library briefing covers the questions frequently asked of MPs about the way someone receives an honour and how an honour might be removed.
    06.06.2016Impeachment
    Impeachment was a means by which Parliament could prosecute and try individuals, normally holders of public office, for high treason or other crimes and misdemeanours. Impeachment is considered obsolete, as it has been superseded by other forms of accountability, and the rules underpinning the procedure have not been adapted to modern standards of democracy or procedural fairness
    18.05.2016Queen's Speech - proposers and seconders of the Loyal Address since 1900
    The task of proposing and seconding the motion on the Loyal Address is regarded as an honour and is given to two government backbenchers.
    08.02.2016The role and powers of the Privy Council
    This House of Commons Library Briefing Paper looks at the role and powers of the Privy Council.
    13.05.2015Freedom of information and the Royal Family
    This Note outlines exemptions in the Freedom of Information Act relating to the Royal Family.
    19.03.2015Attempts to Amend Crown Succession
    Private Members' Bills since that have sought to amend crown succession prior to the Government's Succession to the Crown Bill
    17.09.2014Finances of the Monarchy
    This note provides background information about the Royal finances, figures for the income and expenditure of the Queen as Head of State, and the Prince of Wales.
    31.07.2013State and ceremonial funerals
    This Note explains the arrangements for state and ceremonial funerals, including examples from the past. It shows the distinction between the two types of funeral, looks at what is known about the process to decide whether a state funeral will be held for a commoner, and provides some information on costs.

    Lords Library Notes

    DateDescription
    04.03.2016The Sovereign's Ceremonial and Formal Role in Parliament Today
    On 9 September 2015, Queen Elizabeth II became the longest reigning sovereign in British history. This House of Lords Library briefing focuses on the Sovereign as part of the constitution of Parliament. It captures key aspects of the role of the Sovereign as it relates, in practice, to Parliament today, with an emphasis on the House of Lords. It does this through addressing a selection of the ceremonial and formal roles of the Sovereign: the State Opening of Parliament and its prorogation and dissolution; the calling of a new Parliament, in light of the Fixed-term Parliament Act 2011; Royal Commissions and royal assent; and Queen's consent. The briefing also addresses a number of aspects of the Sovereign's communications and relationship with Parliament more broadly, through Addresses and messages and the Palace of Westminster itself. It provides facts and figures relating to Queen Elizabeth II including: the number of Acts that have received Royal Assent during her reign, Addresses given by the Queen to both Houses in Westminster Hall, and the wording of Queen Elizabeth II's first message to Parliament on her accession to the throne in 1952.
    18.11.2015Scotland Bill (HL Bill 73 of 2015-16)
    This briefing provides information in support of the House of Lords consideration of the Scotland Bill.
    11.02.2013Succession to the Crown Bill (HL Bill 81 of 2012-13)
    The Succession to the Crown Bill makes changes to the laws of succession to the Crown. This Library Note summarises the proceedings which have taken place on the Bill during its passage through the House of Commons, ahead of the Bill's second reading debate in the House of Lords on 14 February 2013.

    Select Committee Reports

    DateDescription
    09.06.2010Management of the Crown Estate.
    Government response. Treasury Select Committee; Treasury report [Commons]
    23.03.2010Crown dependencies.
    Justice Select Committee report [Commons]
    22.03.2010Management of the Crown Estate.
    Treasury Select Committee report [Commons]
    27.04.2009Maintaining the occupied royal palaces.
    Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]

    Early Day Motions

    DateDescription
    23.11.2011CONDUCT OF HRH DUKE OF EDINBURGH
    That this House regrets the comments of HRH Duke of Edinburgh on wind farms; and believes that such comments reinforce the wisdom of the convention that members of the Royal Family ...
    26.10.2011CONDOLENCES TO THE PEOPLE OF SAUDI ARABIA ON THE DEATH OF CROWN PRINCE SULTAN BIN ABDULAZIZ AL SAUD
    That this House sends the King and people of Saudi Arabia sincere condolences for the loss of Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.
    13.07.2011VISIT TO ISRAEL
    That this House would welcome a decision by Her Majesty the Queento visit the state of Israel, given Israel's long ties with the UK and in particular Prime Minister Balfour, who originally ...
    07.06.2011TROOPING THE COLOUR CEREMONY 2011
    That this House looks forward to the 2011 Trooping the Colour ceremony on Saturday 11 June to mark the Official Birthday of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II; notes with pride that the ...
    18.05.201190th BIRTHDAY OF HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS PRINCE PHILIP THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH
    That this House congratulates His Royal Highness Prince Philip the Duke of Edinburgh on the occasion of his 90th birthday; acknowledges his unwavering support of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth ...

    Glossary

    • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
    • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
    • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
    • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses