Crime

All Commons Briefing Papers
142 Documents
DateDescription
16.08.2016The age of criminal responsibility
This Commons Library briefing discusses the debate around raising the age of criminal responsibility - the age below which a child is deemed not to have the capacity to commit a crime.
11.08.2016The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse and background
This briefing concerns the establishment of the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse, a statutory Inquiry which formally opened in July 2015. This Inquiry replaced the previous, non-statutory, Inquiry set up in July 2014 which saw both of its Chairs resign; on 4 August 2016, Justice Goddard resigned as the Chair of the statutory inquiry and on 11 August it was announced that Professor Alexis Jay would be the new Chair.
10.08.2016Harassment: 'Police Information Notices'
The police sometimes issue warning notices to individuals where there are allegations of harassment. This note explains what these are and why they are used.
22.07.2016Modern Slavery Act 2015: Recent Developments
Modern slavery is organised crime encompassing sexual exploitation, forced labour and domestic servitude. All the countries of the UK have brought in legislation to deal with the problem of modern slavery. This briefing paper looks at the Modern Slavery Act 2015 which applies in England and Wales.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics: Crime, Policing and Justice
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on crime, policing and justice.
13.07.2016Sources of Statistics 2016
This briefing paper brings together sources of statistics on subject areas covered by the Economic Policy & Statistics and Social & General Statistics sections of the House of Commons Library. In doing so it draws upon the knowledge of Library specialists, aiming to provide comprehensive topic-by-topic guides for use by anyone interested in the statistical series that underpin the United Kingdom.
13.07.2016Firearm Crime Statistics: England & Wales
This briefing paper examines firearm offence statistics produced by the Home Office Crime in England & Wales bulletin (published by the ONS).
17.06.2016Commons Library analysis: Shining a light on beneficial ownership: what's happening in the UK and elsewhere?
This Commons Library briefing describes measures being taken in the UK and elsewhere to make ownership of companies, land and real property more transparent.
06.06.2016Contracting out of probation services: 2013-2016
This briefing paper charts the implementation controversial reforms to the probation service. Most offenders are now supervised by Community Rehabilitation Companies, which are mostly privately led. A new public sector National Probation Service manages high risk offenders. So what's the verdict so far?
02.06.2016Investigatory Powers Bill: Committee Stage Report
The Investigatory Powers Bill was introduced on 1 March 2016 and received its second reading on 15 March.There were sixteen sittings of the Public Bill Committee, including two evidence sessions. The Bill is due to have its report stage on 6 June 2016.
26.05.2016A new victims' law in England and Wales?
There have been many calls for reform of the law on victims' rights in England and Wales. This Briefing Paper looks at how the Victims' Code has developed; funding and commissioning of services; and proposals for new legislation from the main parties and others.
23.05.2016Registration and management of sex offenders
This note provides an overview of the various measures in Part 2 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 aimed at enabling the police to monitor and manage sex offenders living in the local area. It considers the requirement for certain sex offenders to notify the police of personal information such as their name and address, and to update the police whenever this information changes. The police record of these notifications is commonly referred to as the "sex offenders' register". It also considers a range of civil orders that can be used to manage the behaviour of sex offenders.
18.05.2016A British Bill of Rights?
The Conservative Party went into the 2015 General Election with a manifesto commitment to 'scrap the Human Rights Act and curtail the role of the European Court of Human Rights.' This note provides a brief introduction to the Human Rights Act 1998; the European Convention on Human Rights and the work of the European Court of Human Rights.
02.03.2016Commons Library analysis: Policing and Crime Bill 2015-16
The Policing and Crime Bill 2015-16 has its second reading on 7 March 2016. It includes provisions covering collaboration between police and fire services; reforms to the police complaints and discipline systems; new safeguards for pre-charge bail; powers for police staff and volunteers; and changes to firearms law. This briefing analyses the Bill and the policy background, and provides some relevant comment.
19.02.2016Gangs: a select bibliography
This note provides a bibliography of recent research on gangs and youth crime.
09.02.2016Criminal Injuries Compensation: The "same roof" rule
Some victims of abuse which took place before 1 October 1979 cannot get awards from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme because they lived in the same house as their attacker. This Briefing Paper explains the background, It covers England, Scotland and Wales.
09.02.2016Knives and offensive weapons
This briefing provides information on the two main categories of offence relating to knives and offensive weapons in England and Wales: offences relating to possession and offences relating to sale and supply. This briefing sets out the various offences and sentences which are contained in a number of pieces of legislation. It also describes police guidance on cautioning and charging and government policy on knife crime.
15.01.2016The Psychoactive Substances Bill 2015-16: Report on Committee Stage
This briefing paper is produced prior to the Report Stage of the Psychoactive Substances Bill 2015-16.
07.01.2016Extreme pornography: UK law
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the law relating to the possession of extreme pornography.
07.12.2015Constituency Casework: Identity Theft
This briefing paper provides information to assist Members of Parliament and their staff in dealing with enquiries from constituents on identity theft and identity fraud. It includes sources of advice on: the signs that identity theft may have occurred, the steps to take in the event of identity theft/fraud, and how to reduce the risk of identity theft.
01.12.2015Riot (Compensation) Bill
The riots in London and other cities in 2011 raised serious issues about insurance liability and compensation. This Bill is the response.
27.11.2015Riot (Damages) Bill
This Commons Library briefing paper has been archived.
25.11.2015Retention of fingerprints and DNA data
This note sets out the current law in England and Wales on the retention of fingerprints and DNA data by the police under the regime introduced by the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012. It also outlines the background to the changes made by the Act.
19.11.2015Draft Investigatory Powers Bill
The Draft Investigatory Powers Bill, published in November 2015, seeks to update and consolidate the legal framework governing the interception of communications and the acquisition of communications data by intelligence and law enforcement agencies
16.11.2015Social Indicators 2015
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.
12.11.2015Drug use, seizures and offending: Social Indicators page
A summary of statistics on drug use, drug seizures and drug offences.
12.11.2015Crime: Social Indicators page
Crime: Social Indicators page. By Cassie Barton. SN/SG/2617.
10.11.2015The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974
This Commons Library Briefing gives an overview of the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 which provides for some cautions and convictions to become 'spent'.
15.10.2015The Psychoactive Substances Bill 2015
This briefing paper is prepared for the Second Reading of the Psychoactive Substances Bill on 19 October 2015.
04.09.2015The Assisted Dying (No 2) Bill 2015
This Briefing Paper is prepared for the Second Reading of the Assisted Dying (No 2) Bill 2015 on 11 September 2015.
03.09.2015Constituency Casework: Anti-Social Behaviour
Get help with constituency casework: Anti-Social Behaviour. A briefing to assist MPs and their staff in dealing with enquiries from constituents regarding anti-social behaviour.
04.06.2015New Psychoactive Substances
This briefing paper has been withdrawn. It has been replaced by the Library briefing on the Psychoactive Substance Bill 2015.
19.05.2015Key Issues for the 2015 Parliament
This book examines the key issues facing the House of Commons over the course of the 2015 Parliament - from the public finances to the UK's membership of the EU and from school places for children to climate change.
13.03.2015Modern Slavery Bill: Progress of the Bill
This is a note on the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Modern Slavery Bill. It complements Library Research Paper 14/37 prepared for the Commons Second Reading.
10.03.2015Sources of Statistics
This briefing paper brings together sources of statistics on 27 subject areas covered by the Economic Policy & Statistics and Social & General Statistics sections of the House of Commons Library. In doing so it draws upon the knowledge of Library specialists, aiming to provide comprehensive topic-by-topic guides for use by anyone interested in the statistical series that underpin the United Kingdom.
25.02.2015Anti-social behaviour- new provisions
Substantial changes to the law on anti-social behaviour have come into force as a result of the Anti-social Behaviour Crime and Policing Act 2014. The Government is replacing a number of the legal remedies currently available. This Note gives a summary of the new powers.
12.02.2015Serious Crime Bill: Progress of the Bill
The Serious Crime Bill [HL] 2013-14 had its second reading in the Commons on 5 January 2015. Library Research Paper 14/67 Serious Crime Bill provides background on the proposals in the Bill.
18.12.2014Serious Crime Bill
This Bill would make changes aimed to strengthen the law on the recovery of the proceeds of crime. It would make amendments to the Computer Misuse Act 1990 to update existing offences. It would also provide for a new offence of participating in the activities of an organised crime group and make changes to Serious Crime Prevention Orders and gang injunctions. The Bill would provide for the seizure and forfeiture of substances used as drug-cutting agents. It would also amend the offence of child cruelty, create a new offence relating to the possession of 'paedophile manuals' and amend the law on Female Genital Mutilation. The Bill would create a new offence of unauthorised possession of a knife or other offensive weapon in prison and confer extra-territorial jurisdiction on the courts in respect of certain terrorism offences.
28.11.2014Counter-Terrorism and Security Bill
The Bill has seven parts, designed to reduce the terrorism threat to the UK. It would strengthen powers to put temporary restrictions on travel and modify the Terrorist Prevention and Investigation Measures. It would extend the retention of relevant communications data, strengthen security for travel arrangements and make the existing Prevent programme statutory as well as address the payment of insurance for ransoms.
04.11.2014The August 2011 riots: a statistical summary
This article, published in October 2011, provides a summary of the Ministry of Justice statistical updates produced throughout August and September on those brought before the courts, for offences relating to this public disorder. In October 2011 more detailed statistical publications were released relating to the offences committed and offenders prosecuted.
30.10.2014Trespass to land
This note provides some background information about issues relating to trespass to land. This is not generally a criminal offence; however, there are particular statutes which make particular forms of trespass offences. In 2012, the Government introduced a new offence of squatting in residential buildings, but also said it had no plans to criminalise any other forms of trespass.
03.09.2014Social Indicators
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.
20.08.2014Assisted suicide
This note provides background to the offence of assisting a person to commit suicide under the Suicide Act 1961, in the context of terminally ill people who may be unable to end their lives without the assistance of family or friends. Particular reference is made to the cases of Debbie Purdy, who in July 2009 obtained a House of Lords ruling ordering the Director of Public Prosecutions to formulate an offence-specific policy setting out the factors he will consider when deciding whether to prosecute assisted suicide offences, and Tony Nicklinson. The note also considers the Assisted Dying Bill [HL], a Private Member's Bill introduced by Lord Falconer of Thorogood, which is currently before the Lords.
16.07.2014The Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Bill
An emergency Bill, the Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Bill, is due to pass through all its parliamentary stages between 15 and 17 July. The Bill aims to allow police and security agencies to have continued access to communications data in order to combat crime and terrorism. This Note summarises the background, the Bill and criticisms that have been made of it.
02.07.2014Modern Slavery Bill 2014-15
This Bill modernises and consolidates the offences relating to slavery, and creates an Anti-Slavery Commissioner, and provision for child trafficking advocates.
12.06.2014Criminal Justice and Courts Bill: Commons stages
The Criminal Justice and Courts Bill 2013-14 had its second reading on 24 February 2014 and was carried over to 2014-15 session. Library Research Paper 14/8 The Criminal Justice and Courts Bill provides background on the proposals in the Bill. There are four parts covering criminal justice, including offences relating to extreme pornographic images and release and recall of prisoners, young offenders, secure colleges and youth cautions, changes to courts and tribunals, including strict liability and jury misconduct, and judicial review changes, which attracted much written and oral evidence.
12.05.2014Deregulation Bill: Committee Stage Report
The Bill proposes a range of measures in line with the Government's aim to reduce regulatory burdens on businesses and public authorities.
15.04.2014Draft Modern Slavery Bill
On 16 December 2013 the Government published a White Paper which included a Draft Modern Slavery Bill. The draft Bill contains provisions to: consolidate existing offences, create new civil orders and establish and new Anti-Slavery Commissioner. The Bill will undergo pre-legislative scrutiny.
05.03.2014Charging decisions and police-led prosecutions
Since 2010, the police have been given greater responsibility for charging decisions and prosecutions with the aim of cutting bureaucracy. The police are now responsible for nearly 80% of all charging decisions and prosecuting an increased range of offences, including, for example, criminal damage under 5,000 and careless or inconsiderate driving. The Crown Prosecution Service retains responsibility for the most complex and serious cases.
21.02.2014Schedule 7 of the Terrorism Act 2000
This note describes the background to Schedule 7 of the Terrorism Act 2000 and considers its operation in the context of recent controversy and proposed changes under the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Bill.
21.02.2014Suspect anonymity: Should arrested persons be named by the police?
Should the identities of arrested suspects be made public by the police before they have been charged with an offence?
20.02.2014Criminal Justice and Courts Bill
The Criminal Justice and Courts Bill would make a number of changes to the criminal justice system including sentencing; cautions; prisoners' release and recall; and the detention of young offenders. It would also reform court proceedings and costs; establish a new system of strict liability in contempt proceedings; create new offences for juror misconduct; make changes to the conduct and funding of judicial review claims; and amend the law on extreme pornography.
10.02.2014Extradition and the European Arrest Warrant - Recent Developments
This note is designed to complement two earlier Standard Notes on extradition namely: 'The UK/US Extradition Treaty' (SN/HA/2204) and 'The introduction of the European Arrest Warrant' (SN/HA/1703) which each set out background information to the introduction of the current extradition regime (governed by the Extradition Act 2003).
30.01.2014Deregulation Bill
The Bill proposes a range of measures in line with the Government's aim to reduce burdens on businesses and public authorities.
13.01.2014Human Trafficking: UK responses
This note examines the UK responses to human trafficking, including the Government's strategy and implementation of the Council of Europe Convention Against Trafficking and a related EU Directive. Standard Note SN/HA/6792 looks at the Draft Modern Slavery Bill published in December 2013.
24.12.2013Domestic violence statistics
Summary of statistics on the extent and nature of domestic violence from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW).
16.12.2013Offender Rehabilitation Bill Committee Stage Report
The Bill covers a range of issues but its most controversial aspect (at second reading and in Committee) is that it would pave the way for the contracting-out of offender rehabilitation services for low and medium-risk offenders to private and voluntary sector providers, leaving a national probation service to manage high-risk offenders. The Government had intended to make these changes through secondary legislation, but a non-Government amendment in the House of Lords brought the changes onto the face of the Bill. That new clause was removed in Committee.
26.11.2013Clare's law: the Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme
The Government has announced that, from March 2014, it will introduce a national domestic violence disclosure scheme. This will provide a framework for the police to disclose information about an individual's history of domestic violence to a new partner.
06.11.2013Offender Rehabilitation Bill
This Bill would extend the mandatory supervision of offenders released from custodial sentences to provide that all offenders would be subject to at least 12 months of supervision in the community. It would also introduce new requirements, including drug appointments and residence requirements, which could be applied to offenders subject to such post-release supervision and offenders subject to community and suspended sentence orders.
24.10.2013Introducing 'Payment by Results' in Offender Rehabilitation and other reforms
The Ministry of Justice plans to allow organisations from the voluntary and private sectors to provide rehabilitation services in the community for low and medium risk offenders. New providers would be paid according to the reductions in re-offending they achieve. It is also legislating through the Offender Rehabilitation Bill to introduce and extend statutory supervision periods for short-sentence offenders. The Ministry of Justice says these and other proposals set out in the Government's Transforming Rehabilitation strategy document (published 9 May 2013) will help to reduce reoffending while continuing to protect the public.
24.10.2013Young Offenders: What Next
The problem of youth crime, and how best to respond to it, has attracted political attention for decades. More than 30 years ago, for example, the 1979 Conservative party manifesto promised to make more use of attendance centres for 'hooligans' and to give a 'short, sharp shock' to young offenders.
04.06.2013Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Bill
This Bill, which is wide-ranging, will receive its second reading in the House of Commons on 10 June 2013. Amongst other changes, it would reform the 'tool kit' of remedies for anti-social behaviour; amend the law on dangerous dogs; introduce new firearms offences; criminalise forced marriage; give powers to the new College of Policing; implement some of the Winsor report's recommendations on police remuneration; provide new powers for the Independent Police Complaints Commission; and make changes to compensation for miscarriage of justice.
08.03.2013Crime and Courts Bill [HL]: Committee Stage Report
The Crime and Courts Bill would, amongst other things, establish a new National Crime Agency, change the law on self defence for householders defending themselves from intruders, make changes to community sentences and immigration appeal rights and introduce a new drug driving offence. The Government made a number of substantive amendments in Committee, including on bailiffs, proceeds of crime and extradition.
01.03.2013Social Indicators
A compendium of the latest social statistics. This edition includes articles on: Why has crime fallen around the world?; International Year of Statistics.
01.03.2013Why has crime fallen around the world?: Social Indicators article
A brief examination of the possible reasons for declining crime rates. This is an article in the March 2013 edition of the Social Indicators research paper.
05.02.2013Reductions in sentence for a guilty plea
Offenders who plead guilty in court will usually receive a reduced sentence compared to that they would have received had they been convicted following a not guilty plea. The maximum discount is currently one third. This note describes the rationale for reduced sentences for those who plead guilty.
10.01.2013Householders and the criminal law of self defence
This note considers the potential criminal liability of householders who use force against intruders. Such householders will have a complete defence if they can demonstrate they were using reasonable force in self defence. However, cases such as those of Tony Martin and Munir Hussain have led some to call for a change in the law so that the test is one of "not grossly disproportionate force" rather than "reasonable force". The Government is now proposing to legislate for such a change by way of the Crime and Courts Bill.
09.01.2013Crime and Courts Bill [HL]
The Bill would establish a new National Crime Agency and make a number of changes to the administration of justice. It also deals with the law of self defence as it applies to householders defending themselves from intruders; makes changes to community sentences and to immigration appeal rights; and introduces a new drug driving offence.
29.11.2012Police and Crime Commissioner Elections, 2012
On Thursday 15 November 2012 the first ever elections for Police and Crime Commissioners (PCCs) took place in England and Wales, outside of London. The Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 replaced police authorities with directly elected PCCs. The 41 police areas each elected one PCC. The supplementary vote system was used for the elections. This Research Paper analyses the results
23.11.2012Reducing reoffending: the "what works" debate
This paper examines the evidence for the effectiveness of prison and programmes in the community aimed at reducing reoffending and some of the claims and counter-claims for whether 'prison works'.
06.11.2012Knife crime statistics
The issue of knife related crime continues to be high on the political agenda due to a series of tragic knife related incidents. This note summarises the available statistics relating to knife crime.
06.11.2012Scrap Metal Dealers Bill: Committee Stage Report
It is thought that scrap metal dealers are the main outlet for stolen metal and that the existing regulatory regime for dealers fails to discourage the trade in stolen metal. Richard Ottaway's Private Member's Bill, The Scrap Metal Dealers Bill 2012, will introduce a more robust licensing regime to disrupt the trade in stolen metal. The Bill has cross party support. Its Report Stage is due on 9 November 2012.
26.07.2012Olympic Britain
Olympic Britain tells the story of the profound economic and social change in the UK since the two previous London Olympics, in 1908 and 1948, using statistics and expert analysis. The book can also be browsed using the Parliament website at www.parliament.uk/business/publications/research/olympic-britain/
11.07.2012Metal theft
This note looks at the increasingly high-profile problem of metal theft, which the Association of Chief Police Officers has estimated costs the UK economy approximately 770 million per year. There have been calls to reform the Scrap Metal Dealers Act 1964 to tighten up controls on scrap metal dealers. In January 2012 the Government announced that it would be amending the 1964 Act to introduce a ban on cash payments for scrap metal and unlimited fines for relevant offences under the Act. These changes are set out in sections 145 to 147 of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012. In June 2012 Richard Ottaway introduced a Private Member's Bill that proposes to repeal the 1964 Act altogether and replace it with a new regulatory regime. The Bill has Government support.
10.07.2012Scrap Metal Dealers Bill
The Scrap Metal Dealers Bill seeks to introduce a more robust regulatory regime for scrap metal dealers to reduce the opportunities for metal thieves to sell stolen material.
22.06.2012EU Bibliographies: Proceeds of crime
This Note brings together documents relevant to the proposed 'proceeds of crime Directive' and its scrutiny in the UK and EU. It is not an attempt to define policy in this area. For information on domestic policy developments contact Alexander Horne on extn 0251
23.05.2012Criminal Memoirs
This note explains the civil recovery scheme designed to prevent criminals profiting from accounts of their crimes (for example in an autobiography or television or newspaper interviews). It also looks at the rules preventing serving prisoners from publishing such information and at the relevant media codes of practice.
02.05.2012Neighbourhood Watch
Neighbourhood Watch was first introduced into Britain in 1982. It works by developing close liaison between households in a neighbourhood and the local police.
27.04.2012Constituency-level crime data
This note highlights the constituency-level crime data that is potentially available.
27.04.2012Social Indicators
A compendium of the latest social statistics. This edition includes articles: Constituency-level crime data, ESA assessments and reassessments and Measuring well-being
16.03.2012Protection of Freedoms Bill: Lords amendments
This note summarises the Lords amendments to the Protection of Freedoms Bill, which are due to be considered by the Commons on 19 March 2012.
06.03.2012Sarah's law: the child sex offender disclosure scheme
This note summarises the child sex offender disclosure scheme, also known as Sarah's law, under which members of the public can ask the police whether an individual (e.g. a neighbour or family friend) is a convicted sex offender. In August 2010 the Home Secretary announced that the scheme would be rolled out across all police force areas in England and Wales, following a successful pilot.
07.02.2012Anonymity in rape cases
People who complain that they have been the victims of sexual offences are automatically given anonymity. Defendants in such cases, however, are not. This note considers the relevant legislation and the continuing debate as to whether defendants should be granted some form of anonymity. Shortly after the general election the Government indicated that it intended to introduce anonymity for defendants in rape cases. However, these plans were subsequently dropped on the basis that there was insufficient empirical evidence on which to base a decision on providing those accused of rape with anonymity.
30.01.2012Firearm Crime Statistics
This Standard Note summarises statistics relating to crimes recorded by the police in England, Wales and Scotland in which firearms were reportedly used.
19.12.2011Control orders and the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005
26.10.2011Social Indicators
A compendium of the latest social statistics. This edition includes articles: The August 2011 riots: a statistical summary, and Initial proposals for new constituency boundaries.
28.06.2011Protection of Freedoms Bill: Committee Stage Report Bill 189 of 2010-11
This is a report on the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Protection of Freedoms Bill. It complements Research Paper 11/20 prepared for the Commons Second Reading.
24.03.2011Police Reform and Social Responsibility Bill Committee Stage Report [Bill 151 of 2010-11]
During the Committee stage, several Government amendments were made to the provisions on police reform. Some (for example, on police complaints, police and crime plans and disqualifying people convicted of imprisonable offences from becoming or being police and crime commissioners) were on matters of substance. By contrast, there were only minor amendments to the provisions of the misuse of drugs and no substantive amendments to the parts of the Bill covering licensing, protests in Parliament Square or universal jurisdiction.
02.02.2011Anonymity (Arrested Persons) Bill [Bill 9 of 2010-11]
The Anonymity (Arrested Persons) Bill is a Private Member's Bill sponsored by Anna Soubry. It would prohibit the publication or broadcast of the name, address or image of a person arrested for an offence if such information would be likely to lead members of the public to identify him or her as the person suspected of committing the offence in question. These reporting restrictions would remain in force unless and until the arrested person was charged with the offence for which he or she had been arrested. In certain circumstances a Crown Court judge would be able to direct that the reporting restrictions should not apply, for example if publishing the identity of the suspect might lead to new complainants or witnesses coming forward.
22.12.2010Security-related incidents, paramilitary-style attacks, and deaths due to the security situation in Northern Ireland
Security-related incidents, paramilitary-style attacks, and deaths due to the security situation in Northern Ireland. By Ross Young. SN/SG/2229.
09.12.2010Air guns in Scotland
Firearms law is currently a reserved matter. However, arguing that Scotland has a significantly bigger problem with airgun-inflicted injury and death than the rest of Great Britain, the Scottish Parliament has called for the right to make its own laws on air weapons.
06.09.2010Private prosecutions
This note provides an overview of the right of a private individual to bring a criminal prosecution. It also outlines some of the procedural safeguards to prevent misuse of this right, including the need to obtain consent to prosecute certain offences and the ability of the Director of Public Prosecutions to take over private prosecutions. It includes a discussion of recent attempts to bring private prosecutions in respect of alleged war crimes.
20.07.2010Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups
The Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 provided for a new Vetting and Barring Scheme under which individuals who wish to engage in certain types of employment or activity involving contact with children or vulnerable adults will have to apply to be subject to monitoring by a government body: the Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA).
01.07.2010CCTV and its effectiveness in tackling crime
This note provides background to the use of CCTV before outlining some of the main research studies.
23.06.2010Acquitted defendants: recovery of legal costs from central funds
This note outlines the provisions under which an acquitted defendant may be entitled to recover his legal costs from central funds. In particular, it considers the recent introduction of a "cap" on the amount that may be recovered. The cap, introduced in October 2009, provides that an acquitted defendant who paid for private legal representation will only able to recover his costs at legal aid rates, even where these are lower than the commercial rates his private lawyers actually charged. The defendant will be responsible for meeting any difference. Following a judicial review application by the Law Society, in June 2010 the High Court ruled that the October 2009 pay rates were unlawful.
27.05.2010Aviation: disruptive passengers
There are a number of offences that can be committed by aircraft passengers under the Air Navigation Order 2009, such as: entering an aircraft while drunk; being drunk on an aircraft; using threatening language or engaging in threatening behaviour; interfering with an aircraft or its crew; endangering an aircraft; and refusing to obey an order from the aircraft commander. Various penalties are available for these offences, as set out in the following note.
25.03.2010Universal jurisdiction
The UK has universal jurisdiction under the Geneva Conventions Act 1957 (and other legislation) for a limited number of serious international crimes. It also has an obligation under international law to prosecute or extradite those suspected of war crimes or torture anywhere in the world. There are few such prosecutions in the UK but arrest warrants have been sought for private prosecutions. The Government is consulting on a change to the law on private prosecutions for universal jurisdiction offences, and the UN is conducting a review of the scope and application of the principle of universal jurisdiction.
22.03.2010Trends in crime since 1997
This note looks at both of these sources, briefly explaining their advantages and disadvantages. The note concludes by looking at possible adjustments that can be made to the recorded crime series to estimate trends since 1997 - and the limitations of such estimates.
03.03.2010Crime and Security Bill: Committee Stage Report [Bill No 73 of 2009-10]
This Paper summarises the committee stage of the Crime and Security Bill 2009-10. It supplements Research Paper 09/97 which was produced for the Bill's second reading. The remaining stages of this Bill in the Commons are due to be taken on Monday 8 March 2010.
03.02.2010Anti-Slavery Day Bill
This note provides an overview of the Anti-Slavery Day Bill, which would require the Secretary of State to designate a date for an annual "Anti-Slavery Day" to raise awareness of the dangers and consequences of modern-day slavery and human trafficking. The Bill is a Private Member's Bill introduced by Anthony Steen, founder of the All Party Parliamentary Group on Human Trafficking, who drew sixth place in the 2009-10 ballot for Private Members' Bills.
19.01.2010Social Indicators
This paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include crime and justice, defence, education, elections, health and population. This edition includes an article from the research service of the Riksdag, Sweden entitled 'Young offenders and juvenile justice in Sweden', as well as articles on youth crime and punishment in England and Wales, new consituencies in the 2010 General Election, and the effects of the cold weather from mid-December 2009 to mid-January 2010.
19.01.2010Youth crime and punishment in England and Wales
This note summarises the statistics relating to the youth criminal justice system in England and Wales.
19.01.2010Young offenders and juvenile justice in Sweden
This note has been written by the research service of the Riksdag. It briefly describes the extent and nature of juvenile crime in Sweden. The current system of sanctions for young offenders and the risks of recidivism are then dealt with in somewhat greater depth.
22.12.2009Crime and Security Bill. Bill 3 2009-10.
The Bill would amend the law governing the taking, retention and destruction of fingerprints and DNA data from persons arrested for, charged with or convicted of criminal offences. It would reduce the requirements on the police to record information following a stop and search. It would introduce new 'go' orders for suspected perpetrators of domestic violence, which could mean excluding them from their homes in order to protect the victim. The Bill would also, in effect, extend new injunctions for gang-related violence to 14-18 year olds, and require courts to issue a Parenting Order where a child under 16 had breached an Anti-social Behaviour Order. It would require wheel clamping companies to be licensed, and create a new offence of possessing an authorised mobile phone in a prison. It also creates a new offence of preventing a person under 18 from gaining unauthorised access to air weapons.
30.10.2009Anti Social Behaviour Order Statistics
Anti Social Behaviour Order Statistics. By Gavin Berman. SN/SG/3112.
15.10.2009Social Indicators
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include crime and justice, defence, education, elections, health and population. This edition of Social Indicators includes an article from the Department of Alcohol, Drugs and Addiction, Helsinki, Finland This edition includes: Contribution from overseas Parliament: - Effects of Alcohol tax cuts in Finland in 2004 Article: - Alcohol policy and the effects of the Licensing Act 2003 Topical subject pages: - German Election 2009: Summary - Greek Election 2009: Summary - Portuguese Election 2009: Summary
15.10.2009Effects of Alcohol tax cuts in Finland in 2004
This note examines the effects of 2004 tax cuts on Finnish alcohol consumption and related harm.
13.10.2009Alcohol policy and the effects of The Licensing Act 2003
This article reviews some figures on alcohol-related mortality and morbidity, discusses the policy challenge posed by excessive alcohol consumption and evaluates some of the statistics that have emerged following the implementation of The Licensing Act.
31.07.2009The US/UK Extradition Treaty: requests by US
This note is part of a series on standard notes dealing with extradition issues.
20.07.2009Human Trafficking: international responses
This note examines international responses to human trafficking, including an overview of relevant treaties from organisations such as the UN, the International Labour Organization and the Council of Europe.
29.04.2009Policing and Crime Bill Committee Stage Report (Bill 7 of 2008-09)
22.04.2009Extradition
20.04.2009The International Criminal Court: Current Cases and Contemporary Debates
This note is intended to offer a brief overview of the current work of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and the contemporary debates which surround it.
14.04.2009The draft Bribery Bill
This Note offers a brief introduction to the draft Bribery Bill published on 24 March 2009. For several years there has been pressure to update the UK anti corruption legislation, last amended in 1916, not least from the OECD and other international organisations who are promoting global anti corruption initiatives. The draft bill and white paper published on 25 March would implement proposals from the Law Commission in November 2008.
01.04.2009The Coroners and Justice Bill: clause 58
19.03.2009Coroners and Justice Bill: Committee stage report
The Coroners and Justice Bill deals with a wide range of matters including: coroners; death certification; murder, infanticide and suicide; prohibited images of children; hatred against persons on grounds of sexual orientation; criminal evidence, investigations and procedure; sentencing; legal aid; criminal memoirs and data protection.
24.02.2009The UK/US Extradition Treaty
This note covers some of the history of the legislation and the background to the 2003 treaty in some detail.
23.02.2009The European arrest warrant in practice
This note is part of a series of standard notes dealing with extradition issues.
28.01.2009Double jeopardy
Double jeopardy. By Sally Broadbridge. SN/HA/1082.
15.01.2009Policing and Crime Bill (Bill 7 of 2008-09)
This Bill includes measures on police accountability and effectiveness, prostitution and certain orders relating to sex offences, regulation of lap dancing clubs, licensing conditions, police powers relating to alcohol, proceeds of crime, extradition, airport security, criminal records, importation restrictions on offensive weapons and football banning orders.
14.01.2009Underage drinking
This note uses data from the Offending, Crime and Justice Survey to look at issues surrounding underage drinking.
14.01.2009Social Indicators
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include crime and justice, defence, education, elections, health and population. This edition of Social Indicators includes an article from the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress, Washington , D.C.. This edition includes: Social background of the United States Congress 2009 Local authority finance in a recession 2011 UK Census of Population Underage drinking Excess winter mortality
31.10.2008Changes in crime recording practices
Changes in crime recording practices. By Gavin Berman. SN/SG/2607.
04.07.2008Criminal Evidence (Witness Anonymity) Bill
The Criminal Evidence (Witness Anonymity) Bill. (Bill 134 of 2007-08). House of Commons Library Research Paper 08/60.
22.01.2008Coroners and Justice Bill: crime and data protection
This paper is one of two which examine the main proposals of the Coroners and Justice Bill 2008-09. It deals with the provisions relating to criminal justice and data protection set out in Parts 2-8 of the Bill. See also HC Research Paper 09/07.
19.12.2007Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill Committee Stage Report
09.08.2007The Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill Bill 130 of 2006-07
08.06.2007The Serious Crime Bill
14.11.2006Transparency, corruption & bribery
06.06.2006The Fraud Bill
28.11.2005The Criminal Law (Amendment) (Protection of Property) Bill
18.11.2005Homicide rate and death penalty
31.01.2005Criminal Law (Amendment) (Householder Protection) Bill (Bill 20 of 2004/05)
Criminal Law (Amendment) (Householder Protection) Bill. (Bill 20 of 2004/05). House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/10.
02.12.2004Serious Organised Crime and Police Bill (Bill 5 of 2004/05)
The Serious Organised Crime and Police Bill - the new Agency; and new powers in criminal proceedings. (Bill 6 of 2004/05). House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/88.
02.12.2004Serious Organised Crime and Police Bill (Bill 5 of 2004/05)
The Serious Organised Crime and Police Bill - police powers, public order and miscellaneous provisions. (Bill 6 of 2004/05). House of Commons Library Research Paper 04/89.
16.09.2003Social indicators
Social indicators. (Includes article on Changes in police crime recording practices and topical subject pages on climate change and football disorder). House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/71.
28.03.2003Crime (International Co-operation) Bill (HL): Hot surveillance (Bill 78 of 2002/03)
Crime (International Co-operation) Bill (HL): Hot surveillance. (Bill 78 of 2002/03). House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/31.
28.03.2003Crime (International Co-operation) Bill (HL) (Bill 78 of 2002/03)
The Crime (International Co-operation) Bill (HL). (Bill 78 of 2002/03). House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/30.
16.05.2001Elderly people - fear and risk of crime
Elderly people - fear and risk of crime. By Adam Mellows-Facer. SN/SG/879.
25.01.2001Criminal Justice and Police Bill (Bill 31 of 2000-01)
The Criminal Justice and Police Bill (Bill 31 of 2000/01). House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/10.
13.12.1996Stalking, harassment and intimidation and the Protection from Harassment Bill
Stalking, harassment and intimidation and the Protection from Harassment Bill (Bill 49 1996/97). House of Commons Library Research Paper 96/115.
01.11.1996The Crime (Sentences) Bill 1996/97
The Crime (Sentences) Bill (Bill 3 1996/97). House of Commons Library Research Paper 96/99.
All Select Committee Reports
15 Select Committee Reports
DateDescription
31.10.2011Government response to the seventh report of the Science and Technology Select Committee on the Forensic...
Government response. Science and Technology Select Committee report [Commons]
05.07.2011Draft sentencing guidelines: drugs and burglary.
Justice Select Committee report [Commons]
22.06.2011Forensic Science Service.
Science and Technology Select Committee report [Commons]
08.03.2011The National DNA Database.
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee; Home Office report [Commons]
18.01.2011Money laundering: data protection for suspicious activity reports.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
21.12.2010The Government's approach to crime prevention.
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee; Home Office report [Commons]
16.03.2010The Government's Approach to Crime Prevention.
Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
16.03.2010Implementation of the Committee's Recommendations for the Parliament 2005-2010.
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
04.03.2010The National DNA Database.
Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
20.11.2009Bribery.
Government response. Ministry of Justice report [Commons]
10.11.2009The work of the Serious Organised Crime Agency.
Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
10.11.2009Retention, use and destruction of biometric data: correspondence with Government.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
14.07.2009Money laundering and the financing of terrorism.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
28.04.2009Legislative scrutiny: Policing and Crime Bill (gangs injunctions).
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
31.03.2009Legislative scrutiny: Policing and Crime Bill.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]