Common Agricultural Policy

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on the Common Agricultural Policy and agricultural subsidies. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
09.11.2016Brexit: some legal, constitutional and financial unknowns
This Commons Library briefing looks at some of the basic 'unknowns' relating to Brexit. The unknowns cover areas such as a role for the UK Parliament and the devolved legislatures in the Brexit process, relations with the EU institutions, the economic impact on the UK, and changes to citizens' rights.
27.10.2016Grouse shooting
Grouse shooting takes place on moorlands managed for the birds. The Government believes that grouse shooting makes a significant economic, social and environmental contribution. However, others are concerned that grouse moor management is leading to environmental damage and the illegal killing of birds of prey. Two public petitions have been launched on this matter, on both sides of the argument. The Petitions Committee took evidence from witnesses on 18 October 2016, and a debate is scheduled for 31 October 2016.
14.10.2016Agricultural incomes and subsidies in the UK: Social Indicators page
Agricultural incomes and subsidies in the UK: Social Indicators page.
26.08.2016Brexit: impact across policy areas
This Commons Library briefing paper looks at the current situation in a range of policy areas and considers what impact Brexit might have. This will depend, among other things, on the Brexit negotiations, whether the UK stays in the European Economic Area and how the Government fills any policy gaps left by withdrawal.
26.05.2016EU Referendum: Impact on UK agriculture policy
Most farming organisations are taking a 'remain' or neutral position ahead of the EU Referendum on the grounds that there is too much uncertainty around a potential UK approach to farming outside the EU and its Common Agricultural Policy. However, others are starting to set out what a new approach to UK agriculture, outside the EU, might look like.
16.12.2015Solar farms: funding, planning and impacts
This Commons Library Briefing paper sets out recent policy updates and issues related to funding, the planning process and agricultural issues for solar farm developments.
13.07.2015The 1974-75 UK Renegotiation of EEC Membership and Referendum
Why did the UK Government decide to renegotiate the UK's terms of EEC membership in 1974-75? What was the outcome of the negotiations and what did the Referendum Bill say? This briefing looks at the Labour Government's renegotiation and indicates where there are parallels with the present Government's renegotiation agenda.
30.10.2014CAP reform 2014-20: EU Agreement and Implementation in the UK and in Ireland (updated)
CAP reform 2014-2020 has been agreed and is now being implemented. This paper sets out stakeholder reaction and key implementation decisions for the four countries of the UK, and also of Ireland. It updates the November 2013 version which was prepared as government consultations on implementation were still on-going.
03.07.2014Common Agricultural Policy Reforms 2014-2020: Implementation Decisions in the UK
14.08.2013CAP Reform 2014-2020: Reaching Agreement
Political agreement was reached on the major elements of the reform of the Common Agriculural Policy for 2014-2020 on 26 June 2013. This note sets out the main elements of the agreement with stakeholder comment. Some issues are still being discussed at European level following overall EU budget agreements and the flexibility of the reform deal means that key implmenentation decisions are to follow in the UK.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
12.05.2016Queen's Speech 2016 Day 2: Foreign and European Affairs, International Development and Defence
The House of Lords is due to debate the Queen's Speech over four days between 19 and 25 May 2016. This briefing is one of four prepared by the House of Lords Library to cover the themes of each day of debate.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
29.09.2016Rewilding and Ecosystem Services
This POSTnote explores the consequences of increasing the role of natural processes within landscapes. Evidence from the UK and abroad suggests that rewilding can benefit both wildlife and local people, but animal reintroductions could adversely affect some land-users.
07.08.2015Herbicide Resistance
Increasing resistance to herbicides, coupled with a lack of new types of herbicides, has the potential to reduce crop yields. The UK Government's commitment to increase yields over the next 25 years will require the development of alternative crop protection methods. This POSTnote outlines the challenges of herbicide resistance and reviews the possible approaches to long-term weed control strategies.
12.09.2013Reversing Insect Pollinator Decline
Pollination by insects enables the reproduction of flowering plants and is critical to UK agriculture. Insect pollinators have declined globally, with implications for food security and wild habitats. This POSTnote summarises the causes for the recent trends, gaps in knowledge and possible strategies for reversing pollinator decline.
05.09.2012Balancing Nature and Agriculture
This POSTnote explores two approaches to managing land for balancing nature conservation with sustainable food production. Land sharing integrates the objectives of agriculture and benefits to wildlife on the same land. Land sparing on the other hand separates intensive farming areas from protected natural habitats at larger scales.
15.03.2012Livestock Super Farms
This POSTnote examines the current issues surrounding intensification of livestock production in the UK.
01.05.2010EU fisheries management, May 2010
This POSTnote describes challenges to ecosystem-based fisheries management and how these might be tackled. A recent European Commission green paper on the reform of the Common Fisheries Policy reconfirms the need to adopt an ecosystem approach.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
08.11.2011Subsidiarity assessment: distribution of food products to deprived persons.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
29.06.2011Common Agricultural Policy after 2013.
Government response. Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
28.06.2011Innovation in EU Agriculture.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
05.04.2011Common Agricultural Policy after 2013.
Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
27.10.2010Subsidiarity assessment: distribution of food products to deprived persons.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
13.12.2010THE GREAT COTTON STITCH-UP REPORT
That this House notes the contents of The Great Cotton Stitch-Up Report from the Fairtrade Foundation which outlines that the EU has given farmers over five billion euros over the last ...
25.02.2010EU TOBACCO SUBSIDY
That this House expresses disappointment at the continuing subsidy by the European Union of tobacco cultivation to the tune of some 260 million each year despite the many more millions ...
19.10.2009EFFICIENCY OF THE RURAL PAYMENTS AGENCY
That this House notes that the National Audit Office has raised questions about the efficiency of the Rural Payments Agency when making Common Agricultural Policy payments to farmers; ...
17.06.2008EU TRADE POLICY AND THE DEVELOPING WORLD
That this House believes that trade is often better than aid for developing countries and is a powerful driver of growth, positive development, elimination of corruption and poverty ...

Feature publication

The page highlights the analysis and comment on Brexit: the next steps and presents an impartial view of the different arguments and opinions.

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses
 

UK Parliament committee