All Commons Briefing Papers
|14.07.2016||Commons Library Analysis: UK Fifth Carbon Budget|
The Government has to set the UK Fifth Carbon Budget for 2028-2032 and decide whether to follow the advice from the Committee on Climate Change. The draft Carbon Budget Order 2016 is to be considered by the 3rd Delegated Legislation Committee on 18 July 2016.
Covers the arrangements made for mineworkers' pensions following privatisation of British Coal in 1994.
The price of domestic gas and electricity has been relatively stable over the past five years after increasing steadily through 2000-2008. There have been some price cuts over the past few years, but these have been smaller than the price rises. The cost of heating oil has fallen over the last three years with particularly large falls in the most recent year. In January 2016 heating oil was 22.81 pence per litre compared to the peak price of 64.5 pence per litre in February 2013.
|23.07.2014||Carbon capture and storage|
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) generation is not yet proven on a large scale, and nor is storage long-term, despite a series of UK Government and EU initiatives aimed at incentivising its development. In March 2013 Peterhead (Aberdeenshire) and the White Rose Project (Yorkshire) were named as the two preferred bidders in the latest UK CCS Commercialisation Programme Competition.
|14.05.2014||Carbon Price Floor|
Details of the Carbon Floor Price and the Government's announcement to freeze prices until 2020
|30.08.2013||Energy imports and exports|
After spending most of the previous 25 years as a net exporter of energy the UK became a net importer in 2004. The gap between imports and exports has increased since 2004 and this looks set to continue to increase in the future. This, alongside higher fuel prices and increased concern over the security of energy supply has increased the attention on energy imports and exports.
|30.05.2013||Energy Bill 2013 - update for Report stage|
The current Energy Bill now has its Report Stage scheduled, for 3 June 2013. This note provides an update to some of the more controversial areas, and to previous Library research briefings on the Bill.
|25.11.2011||Carbon Capture and Storage: additional background|
This note (March 2011) examines the policy and issues relating to carbon capture and storage and in particular, how it relates to coal-fired energy generation.
|06.09.2011||Energy Bill [HL]: Committee Stage Report|
This is a report on the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Energy Bill. It complements Library Research Paper 11/36 (Energy Bill) prepared for the Commons Second Reading.
|21.06.2011||EU energy policy 2010 and after|
This note outlines the development of EU energy policy since the Coalition Government first represented the UK at negotiations.
|04.05.2011||Energy Bill [HL]|
This briefing on the Energy Bill has been prepared for the Second Reading Debate in the House of Commons. The flagship policy in the Bill is the 'Green Deal', a scheme whereby homes would be given finance upfront to make energy efficiency improvements, which would then be paid for by energy bill savings. The Bill would also set up a new obligation on energy companies to help certain groups of consumers with saving energy, who need extra support. The Bill also introduces a range of other measures designed to improve energy efficiency; such as facilitating the roll-out of smart meters, widening access to energy performance certificates and making information on energy bills clearer. The Bill also provides measures designed to help improve energy security, to encourage low carbon generation and to grant additional powers to the Coal Authority to charge for certain services.
|29.07.2010||Coalition proposals for an Energy Security and Green Economy Bill|
This note sets out the measures in the Bill alongside what was said about these areas in the Conservative and Liberal Democrat election manifestos, the formal coalition Government agreement and the March 2010 Conservative green paper Rebuilding Security: Conservative energy policy for an uncertain world. It also highlights comment on the proposals.
|02.03.2010||Energy Bill 2009-10: Report Stage and Third Reading|
This note summarises the House of Commons Report Stage and Third Reading proceedings of the Energy Bill (HC Bill 7 2009-10).
|17.02.2010||Energy Bill: Committee Stage Report|
This paper summarises the House of Commons Second Reading and Committee Stage proceedings of the Energy Bill. The Bill received its Second Reading on 7 December 2009. It was not amended in Committee. The Bill will introduce an incentive to support up to four carbon capture and storage (CSS) demonstration projects in the UK. CSS is a way of reducing the impact of fossil fuel emissions by capturing carbon dioxide. It will also introduce mandatory support to lower energy bills for the most vulnerable, increase the powers of the industry regulator, Ofgem, and give the Secretary of State the power to ban cross-subsidy between gas and electricity accounts.
|03.12.2009||Energy Bill. Bill 7 2009-10.|
The Bill would introduce: a carbon capture and storage incentive to support the construction of up to four UK demonstration projects, to be chosen in a competition; mandatory social price support to lower energy bills (social tariffs) for the most vulnerable, which would replace the current voluntary agreement which expires in 2011. It would also add ensuring security of supply and protecting consumers to the objectives of the regulator, Ofgem; increase the regulator's powers to deal with exploitation of electricity distribution constraints by generators; and increase Ofgem's power to fine companies. It would give the Secretary of State the power to ban cross-subsidy between gas and electricity accounts.
|23.04.2008||Energy Bill: Committee Stage Report|
[Bill 79 of 2007-08]
Energy Bill. (Bill 53 of 2007-08). House of Commons Library Research Paper 08/05.
|04.05.2007||Recovery of social security benefits from compensation awards|
Recovery of social security benefits from compensation awards. By Steven Kennedy. SN/SP/168.