By-elections

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on by-elections. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Standard Notes

DateDescription
26.09.2014Number of by-elections since 1945
By-elections by session and by Parliament since 1945
10.09.2014By-election timetables
Under the provisions of the Electoral Registration and Administration Act 2013 the Parliamentary by-election timetable is now between 21 and 27 working days from the issuing of the writ (it had previously been between 13 and 19 days). The Note gives background to the change in length of the timetable and details of the new model timetable.
06.06.2014By-elections since 2010 General Election
The Newark by election 5 June 2014 was the 20th since the 2010 General Election. The Conservatives held the seat with 7,403 votes more than UKIP in second place.
29.02.2012Recess Elections Act 1975
The Note explains the provisions of the Recess Elections Act 1975 which allows a writ for a by-election to be moved during a prorogation of Parliament or adjournment of the House.
17.11.2009By elections since 2005
This note sets out results of by elections since the 2005 General Election.

Research Papers

DateDescription
07.08.2012UK Election Statistics: 1918-2012
This paper presents an overview of results from UK elections since 1918, including elections to the House of Commons, the European Parliament, devolved bodies and local government.
04.08.2010By-elections 2005 - 2010
This research paper provides the results of the 14 by-elections held during the 2005-10 Parliament.
13.05.2009Election timetables
01.02.2008Election Statistics: UK 1918-2007
This paper has been superseded by Research Paper 12/43, UK Election Statistics: 1918-2012.
22.03.2007Election timetables
Election timetables. House of Commons Library Research Paper 07/31.

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
12.07.2010CHADWELL BY-ELECTION
That this House congratulates Wes Streeting on his election to Redbridge Council in the by-election in Chadwell Ward on 8 July 2010; notes that Labour won 800 votes, 220 more than the ...
23.02.2010TIMING OF BY-ELECTIONS
That this House welcomes the Electoral Commission's report into the conduct of the Glasgow North East by-election; notes that the decision by the Labour Party to delay moving the writ ...
23.11.2009RECALL OF HON. MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS
That this House believes that where an hon. Member has been duly determined seriously to have broken the rules of the House, with the result that the hon. Member has been suspended ...
09.11.2009RECALL OF HON. MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS
That this House believes that where an hon. Member has been duly determined seriously to have broken the rules of the House, with the result that the hon. Member has been suspended ...

Glossary

  • Research Papers (RP) - briefings produced by the House of Commons Library on Bills, topical issues and regular statistics
  • Standard Notes (SN) - shorter, topical briefings from the Commons Library
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POST Notes - short briefing notes produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - papers compiled by the House of Lords Library on Bills and for debates in the Lords
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses