All Standard Notes
25 Documents
26.03.2015Viral emails protesting about financial assistance for "illegal immigrants/refugees living in Britain"
A viral email claims that "illegal immigrants/refugees living in Britain" receive significantly more financial assistance from the Government than UK pensioners. The email originates from abroad and the figures quoted do not reflect the true situation in the United Kingdom.
25.03.2015Asylum support: accommodation and financial support for asylum seekers
From 6 April, asylum seekers will receive cash support at a standard rate of 36.95 per person. In previous years there have been different rates for different types of household. Households with children will be particularly affected by the change, since the new rate is significantly less than the previous rate for children under 16 (52.96). The Home Office considers that the previous arrangements did not make allowances for available economies of scale within households, and therefore significantly exceeded what is necessary.
24.03.2015Immigration and asylum: changes made by the Coalition Government 2010 - 2015
David Cameron described the Government's immigration policy objective as 'good immigration, not mass immigration.' The Government wanted to attract the 'brightest and best' migrants who were deemed most beneficial to the UK. It also wanted to reduce overall net migration levels from the hundreds of thousands to tens of thousands by the end of the 2010 - 2015 parliament, by minimising opportunities for abuse and being more selective about the criteria for entry.
10.03.2015Sources of Statistics: Migration
This introductory guide provides sources of statistics on migration.
05.03.2015Syrian refugees and the UK
On 29 January 2014, the Home Secretary announced that the UK would establish a programme to offer resettlement to some of the most vulnerable Syrian refugees. 143 people were resettled in the UK under the scheme by the end of 2014.
04.12.2014Asylum Statistics
This note presents statistical information on asylum applications in the UK.
14.10.2014Organisational reforms to the immigration system since 2006
The UK Border Agency has been replaced by the Home Office directorates 'UK Visas and Immigration', 'Immigration Enforcement' and 'Border Force'. In July 2014 the National Audit Office found that there has been mixed progress in addressing the concerns that had led to the abolition of the UKBA, and concluded that it is too early to detect an impact of organisational improvement on customers and stakeholders. Her Majesty's Passport Office has also been brought under direct Home Office control, with effect from 1 October 2014.
08.09.2014Asylum decisions: Social Indicators page
Asylum Decisions: Social Indicators page providing summary statistics on asylum decisions in the UK.
08.09.2014Asylum seekers: Social Indicators page
Asylum Seekers: Social Indicators page providing summary statistics on the number and origin of asylum seekers migrating to the UK.
05.09.2014Ending child immigration detention
The Coalition Agreement committed the Government to ending child immigration detention. This led to the Government developing a new policy on family removals, aspects of which are now enshrined in the Immigration Act 2014.
21.07.2014Syrian refugees in Jordan
Enormous numbers of Syrians have taken refuge in Jordan, putting strain on the small country's resources. The House of Commons International Development Committee visited recently and voiced concern about Jordan's political stability.
31.03.2014Constituency casework: immigration, nationality and asylum
Members of Parliament handle an enormous number of immigration, nationality and asylum enquiries from constituents. This note outlines the legal restrictions on giving immigration advice, gives some suggestions on handling constituents' enquiries, refers to some sources of information that may be helpful for straightforward questions, and highlights training courses available to Members' staff.
11.02.2014Western Sahara
As concern mounts about the security situation in and around the Sahara, the Western Sahara crisis remains unsolved.
27.01.2014Immigration Bill: Committee Stage Report
The Immigration Bill was introduced in the House of Commons on 10 October 2013 and had its Second Reading on 22 October. It is due to have Report stage and Third Reading on 30 January 2014. This Note discusses the main issues debated in Public Bill Committee.
13.01.2014Human Trafficking: UK responses
This note examines the UK responses to human trafficking, including the Government's strategy and implementation of the Council of Europe Convention Against Trafficking and a related EU Directive. Standard Note SN/HA/6792 looks at the Draft Modern Slavery Bill published in December 2013.
26.11.2013Effects of the EU Charter of Rights in the UK
Does the UK have an opt-out from the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights via its Protocol? This Note presents views on the nature of the Protocol and what a 2011 ruling on the effects of the Protocl might mean with regard to the effects of the Charter in the UK.
07.11.2011Asylum seekers and the right to work
Asylum seekers can apply for permission to work if they have waited for over 12 months for an initial decision on their asylum claim or further submissions following a refusal of asylum. Those granted permission to work since 9 September 2010 are restricted to jobs on the shortage occupation list. The Government have no plans to relax the restrictions on asylum seekers' rights to work.
05.07.2011Asylum: Claims based on sexual identity
The Coalition Agreement pledged not to remove asylum seekers from the UK if they are at proven risk of persecution due to their sexual orientation or gender identification. The UKBA has since enhanced its guidance and training for asylum caseworkers on how to handle these types of asylum claim, but has been criticised for failing to monitor how the new approach is being implemented.
06.12.2010Asylum: Azure payment cards
This note provides an overview of how the Azure card scheme works and related NGO and Parliamentary scrutiny. Various other Library standard notes contain further information about the asylum support system and associated topics.
10.08.2010Asylum 'legacy' cases
The backlog of unresolved asylum cases lodged before 5 March 2007 is being tackled through the UK Border Agency's 'case resolution programme' (also known as the 'legacy casework programme'). This is not an amnesty; cases are considered according to the normal criteria, following a list of priorities set by the Government. The UK Border Agency aims to complete the programme by 2011.
03.02.2010Anti-Slavery Day Bill
This note provides an overview of the Anti-Slavery Day Bill, which would require the Secretary of State to designate a date for an annual "Anti-Slavery Day" to raise awareness of the dangers and consequences of modern-day slavery and human trafficking. The Bill is a Private Member's Bill introduced by Anthony Steen, founder of the All Party Parliamentary Group on Human Trafficking, who drew sixth place in the 2009-10 ballot for Private Members' Bills.
04.01.2010The draft Immigration Bill and simplification of immigration law
This note gives an update on the progress that has been made in the Simplification Project and the Government's latest proposals. The draft Immigration Bill is incomplete and was not referred to in the Queen's speech of 18 November 2009. Its future prospects could therefore be affected by the outcome of the General Election.
20.07.2009Human Trafficking: international responses
This note examines international responses to human trafficking, including an overview of relevant treaties from organisations such as the UN, the International Labour Organization and the Council of Europe.
20.10.2008Draft (partial) Immigration and Citizenship Bill: an analysis
This note provides an analysis of the draft (partial) Bill itself, which is intended to consolidate and 'simplify' nearly four decades of immigration acts, as well as the partial draft Immigration Rules that were published with it and other measures that are likely to be included in the Bill.
28.08.2008Background to the draft (partial) Immigration and Citizenship Bill
Following several consultation exercises, on 14 July 2008 the Government published for consultation a draft (partial) Immigration and Citizenship Bill. It is intended to consolidate and 'simplify' nearly four decades of immigration acts. This note looks at the background and context of the draft (partial) Bill.
All Research Papers
11 Documents
02.07.2014Modern Slavery Bill 2014-15
This Bill modernises and consolidates the offences relating to slavery, and creates an Anti-Slavery Commissioner, and provision for child trafficking advocates.
17.10.2013Immigration Bill
The Immigration Bill would significantly reduce migrants' rights of appeal; restrict access to services including private rented accommodation, bank accounts and NHS services by reference to immigration status; establish new arrangements for investigating sham marriages and examining persons departing the UK; and make various other changes related to immigration controls.
22.05.2009Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Bill [HL] (Bill 86 of 2008-09).
This paper is on the Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Bill [HL] (Bill 86 of 2008-09). This Bill would deal firstly with the transfer of border customs functions to the new UK Border Agency. It would also introduce new naturalisation requirements and deal with various other citizenship issues. The Bill as it was introduced in the Lords would have provided for immigration control to be introduced on air and sea routes within the Common Travel Area but these provisions were defeated in the Lords. Originally the Bill would also have restricted the involvement of the higher courts in immigration and nationality cases, but a Lords amendment limited the scope of this restriction. The Bill would introduce a new duty on the UK Border Agency to safeguard the welfare of children and make provisions in relation to trafficking babies and children for exploitation.
09.08.2007The Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill Bill 130 of 2006-07
31.01.2007The UK Borders Bill
30.06.2005Immigration Asylum and Nationality Bill (Bill 13 of 2005-06)
Immigration Asylum and Nationality Bill. (Bill 13 of 2005-06). House of Commons Library Research Paper 05/52
11.12.2003Asylum and Immigration:the 2003 Bill
Asylum and Immigration:the 2003 Bill. House of Commons Library Research Paper 03/88.
23.04.2002Nationality Immigration and Asylum Bill (Bill 119 of 2001/02)
The Nationality Immigration and Asylum Bill: immigration and asylum. Bill 119 of 2001/02. House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/26.
22.04.2002Nationality Immigration and Asylum Bill (Bill 119 of 2001/02)
The Nationality Immigration and Asylum Bill: nationality and citizenship. Bill 19 of 2001/02. House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/25.
16.11.2001Anti-Terrorism Crime and Security Bill, Parts IV and V:Immigration asylum race and religion (Bill 49 of 2001-02)
Anti-Terrorism Crime and Security Bill, Parts IV and V:Immigration, asylum race and religion (Bill 49 of 2001/02). House of Commons Library Research Paper 01/96.
19.02.1999Immigration and Asylum
Immigration and Asylum. House of Commons Library Research Paper 99/16.
All Select Committee Reports
8 Select Committee Reports
08.03.2011Draft Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc) Act 2004 (Remedial) Order 2010.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
09.02.2010The work of the UK Border Agency.
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
02.12.2009Asylum directives: scrutiny of the opt-in decisions.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
01.12.2009The work of the UK Border Agency.
Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
03.11.2009Stockholm Programme: home affairs.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
13.05.2009Management of asylum applications.
Public Accounts Committee report [Commons]
21.04.2009Legislative scrutiny: Welfare Reform Bill;
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
17.03.2009The United Kingdom opt-in: problems with amendment and codification.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]