Asylum

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on asylum, asylum-seekers and refugees. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
11.05.2016Should asylum seekers have unrestricted rights to work in the UK?
As a general rule, asylum seekers are not allowed to work in the UK. But they can apply for permission to fill a shortage vacancy if they have been waiting for over 12 months for an initial decision on their asylum claim. Attempts were made during the passage of the Immigration Bill 2015-16 to relax these restrictions, but they did not have Government support and were unsuccessful.
04.05.2016Immigration Bill 2015-16: Lords amendments and ping-pong stages
The Immigration Bill 2015-16 is currently in ping-pong stage. This Commons Library briefing paper gives an overview of the latest developments with the Bill.
11.03.2016Syrian refugees and the UK
The Government is planning to resettle up to 20,000 Syrian refugees in the UK by the end of this Parliament in 2020. It is under ongoing pressure to extend opportunities for Syrian refugees to be able to come to the UK.
04.03.2016Asylum Statistics
This Commons Library briefing paper analyses asylum statistics and trends in the UK and other EU countries. Statistics on asylums seekers and refugees in the UK are published by the Home Office and contain data on the number of people applying for asylum and the outcomes of asylum applications. Statistics on asylum seekers and refugees in European Union countries are published in the Home Office bulletin and by the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
19.02.2016The UK's family reunion rules: striking the right balance?
The refugee family reunion rules enable refugees in the UK to be joined by their 'pre-flight' partner and dependent children under 18. Campaigners want the Government to extend the rules, so that they would apply to other dependent relationships as well. The issue has been raised at various stages of consideration of the Immigration Bill 2015-16.
12.02.2016Statistics on Migrants and Benefits
Data on migrants and benefits is incomplete and fragmented, not routinely available from a single source. This is because the nationality of benefit claimants is not routinely gathered by either DWP or HMRC when administering benefits or tax credits. This paper brings together the main available data sources - including DWP data on National Insurance Number registrations, departmental ad-hoc releases and responses to Freedom of Information requests - to analyse rates of benefit and tax credits receipt among migrants living in the UK.
11.12.2015The EU's response to the migration crisis: recent developments
This note provides a brief update on recent developments in the EU's response to the migration crisis, including the EU's military operation against people smuggling in the Mediterranean. Documents related to the EU's response to the migration crisis are due to be debated in the House on 14 December.
26.11.2015Immigration Bill 2015-16: Committee Stage Report
The Immigration Bill is due to have Report and Third Reading in the Commons on 1 December. This briefing summarises the main changes made to the Bill in Public Bill Committee and some of the new clauses proposed for consideration at Report stage.
16.11.2015Social Indicators 2015
This Research Paper summarises a wide range of social statistics. Subjects covered include agriculture, crime, defence, education, elections, environment and energy, health, housing, local government, population and migration, social security and transport.
13.11.2015Asylum seekers: Social Indicators page
Asylum Seekers: Social Indicators page providing summary statistics on the number and origin of asylum seekers migrating to the UK.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
16.12.2015Immigration Bill 2015-16: Briefing for Lords Stages
This briefing provides information in support of the House of Lords consideration of the Immigration Bill.
17.11.2014The Azure Card
This Library Note provides background reading for Members in advance of the debate to be held on 20 November 2014: 'that this House takes note of the Azure card'.
13.11.2014Modern Slavery Bill (HL Bill 51 of 2014-15)
This Library Note provides information on the Modern Slavery Bill, which is due for second reading in the House of Lords on 17 November 2014.
06.02.2014Immigration Bill (HL Bill 84 of 2013-14)
This Library Note provides information on the Immigration Bill, which is due for second reading in the House of Lords on 10 February 2014.
23.01.2012Question for Short Debate on 2 February: Human Trafficking
This Lords Library Note provides definitions of human trafficking, statistics on its incidence, and an outline of domestic and international policy to combat the problem.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
30.09.2015Forensic Language Analysis
This note examines forensic language analysis, the scientific validity of procedures and their applications, and explores the issues surrounding their use.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
08.03.2011Draft Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc) Act 2004 (Remedial) Order 2010.
Human Rights Joint Select Committee report [Commons and Lords]
09.02.2010The work of the UK Border Agency.
Government response. Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
02.12.2009Asylum directives: scrutiny of the opt-in decisions.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]
01.12.2009The work of the UK Border Agency.
Home Affairs Select Committee report [Commons]
03.11.2009Stockholm Programme: home affairs.
European Union Select Committee (HL) report [Lords]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
01.02.2011BRENDA NAMIGADDE
That this House is concerned by the imminent proposed deportation of Brenda Namigadde, who has claimed asylum because she fears persecution based on her sexuality; believes the atmosphere ...
08.07.2010REFUGEE AND MIGRANT JUSTICE (No. 2)
That this House recognises the outstanding service provided byRefugee and Migrant Justice (RMJ)and expresses regret at its recent closure; notes that the Legal Services Commission (LSC)is ...
01.07.2010REFUGEE AND MIGRANT JUSTICE
That this House notes with concern that the entering into administration of refugee and migrant justice has left many of the charity's vulnerable clients without adequate legal representation; ...
09.06.2010REFUGEE AND MIGRANT JUSTICE CHARITY
That this House notes that the legal advice charity Refugee and Migrant Justice (RMJ) is in danger of closing because it is facing a cash crisis because a large proportion of legal ...
23.03.2010UK BORDER AGENCY
That this House recognises the hard work of Home Office and UK Border Agency (UKBA) staff set out in the Chief Inspector's report into asylum within UKBA; is deeply concerned that the ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses