Alternatives to prison

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Content published before December 2016

This page highlights some of the current parliamentary material available on alternatives to prison. This includes select committee reports, briefing papers on current legislation and other subjects produced by the parliamentary research services, and the latest Early Day Motions put down by MPs.

Commons Briefing Papers

DateDescription
06.06.2016Contracting out of probation services: 2013-2016
This briefing paper charts the implementation controversial reforms to the probation service. Most offenders are now supervised by Community Rehabilitation Companies, which are mostly privately led. A new public sector National Probation Service manages high risk offenders. So what's the verdict so far?
19.01.2010Youth crime and punishment in England and Wales
This note summarises the statistics relating to the youth criminal justice system in England and Wales.
03.12.2002Criminal Justice Bill:Sentencing (Bill 8 2002/03)
Criminal Justice Bill:Sentencing (Bill 8 of 2002/03) .House of Commons Library Research Paper 02/76.
27.03.2000Criminal Justice and Court Services Bill: probation, community sentences and exclusion orders (Bill 91 1999 /2000)
Criminal Justice and Court Services Bill: probation, community sentences and exclusion orders (Bill 91 of 1999/2000). House of Commons Library Research Paper 00/36.
01.11.1996The Crime (Sentences) Bill 1996/97
The Crime (Sentences) Bill (Bill 3 1996/97). House of Commons Library Research Paper 96/99.

Lords Library Notes

DateDescription
16.05.2013Offender Rehabilitation Bill [HL] (HL Bill 2 of 2013-14)
The Offender Rehabilitation Bill would provide increased support and supervision upon release for those serving prison sentences of up to two years, and would make changes to the arrangements for community orders and suspended sentence orders. This Library Note provides background reading in advance of the Bill's second reading in the House of Lords.

POSTnotes

DateDescription
24.09.2015Trends in Crime and Criminal Justice
This POSTnote describes crime patterns, and highlights issues with crime measurement and data. It also identifies key developments in the criminal justice system.
01.05.2008Alternatives to custodial sentencing, May 2008
Alternatives to custodial sentencing, May 2008. POSTnote 08/308.

Select Committee Reports

DateDescription
16.03.2010Cutting crime: the case for justice reinvestment.
Government response. Ministry of Justice report [Commons]
01.12.2009Cutting crime: the case for justice reinvestment.
Justice Select Committee report [Commons]

Early Day Motions

DateDescription
12.01.2012COMMUNITY SENTENCES
That this House recognises the contribution community sentences make to reducing reoffending rates and keeping communities safer as a result; notes that community sentences cost ...
13.07.2011COMPETITIVE TENDERING OF PROBATION WORK
That this House notes that the Ministry of Justice intend to put all probation work out to competitive tender; believes that prior privatisations in the probation sector have been unsuccessful; ...
08.02.2010NATIONAL OFFENDER MANAGEMENT SERVICES
That this House believes that the record high prison population and reducing budgets have undermined the National Offender Management Service's objective of tackling re-offending; considers ...
15.12.2009PROBATION
That this House urges the Government to ensure that the Probation Service in England and Wales has sufficient resources to ensure that it can carry out its statutory duties in an effective ...
18.05.2009PROBATION SERVICE
That this House urges the Government to ensure that the Probation Service in England and Wales has sufficient resources to ensure that it can carry out its statutory duties in an effective ...

Glossary

  • Commons Briefing Papers (CBP) Papers providing in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
  • Early Day Motions (EDMs) - formal motions submitted by MPs in the House of Commons
  • POSTnotes (POST PN) - proactive four-page policy briefings from the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology based on reviews of the research literature, interviews with stakeholders and peer review, commissioned by the POST Board
  • Lords Library Notes (LLN) - authored publications by the research section of the House of Lords Library that provide analysis of Bills, subjects for debate in the House and other issues of interest to Members.
  • Select Committee Reports - papers produced by all select committees of both Houses