The 1922 Committee, also known as "the 22", is a committee of backbench Conservative MPs. The committee allows the leadership and the backbenches of the Conservative Party to keep in touch with each other's opinions. It meets once a week. It is a very influential committee within the party and the Committee Chairman has direct access to the party leader.
The 1922 Committee is named after the year a group of Conservative backbench MPs voted to end the coalition formed by the Liberal Party with the Conservative Party. It was April 1923, however, before the Conservative Party agreed to form the committee, elect the Officers and Executive and meet on a regular basis throughout the Parliamentary session.