By-elections in the House of Lords

This page sets out notices, lists of candidates and results of recent by-elections in the House of Lords.

2014 by-elections

Crossbench hereditary Peers’ by-election

Two vacancies have been created among the excepted hereditary peers who sit in the House of Lords. These arise from the retirements under section 1 of the House of Lords Reform Act 2014 of Lord Chorley on 17 November 2014 and Lady Saltoun of Abernethy on 12 December 2014.

Under Standing Order 10, these vacancies were filled by means of a by-election. Both vacancies were filled in one election.

Crossbench hereditary Peers’ by-election

Two vacancies were created among the excepted hereditary Peers who sit in the House of Lords. These arose from the death of Viscount Allenby of Megiddo on 3 October 2014 and the retirement of Lord Cobbold under section 1 of the House of Lords Reform Act 2014 on 13 October 2014.

Under Standing Order 10, these vacancies were filled by means of a by-election which took place on 9 December 2014. Lord Russell of Liverpool and the Duke of Somerset were elected.

Hereditary Peers’ by-election

Lord Methuen, one of the 15 hereditary Peers elected by the whole House in 1999, died on 9 July 2014. A by-election was held to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. The Earl of Oxford and Asquith was elected.

Hereditary Peers’ by-election

Lord Moran, a Crossbench hereditary Peer, died on 14 February 2014. A by-election was held to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Lord Cromwell was elected.

2013 by-elections

Hereditary Peers’ by-election

Lord Reay, one of the 15 hereditary Peers elected by the whole House in 1999, died on 10 May 2013. A by-election was held on 16 July 2013 to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Lord Borwick was elected.

Conservative Hereditary Peers’ by-election

Earl Ferrers, an elected Conservative hereditary Peer, died on 13 November 2012. A by-election was held to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Viscount Ridley was elected.

2011 by-elections

Conservative Hereditary Peers’ by-election

The Earl of Onslow, an elected Conservative hereditary Peer, died on 14 May 2011. A by-election was held on 20 July 2011 to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Lord Ashton of Hyde was elected.

Hereditary Peers’ by-election

Lord Ampthill, one of the 15 hereditary Peers elected by the whole House in 1999, died on 23 April 2011. A by-election was held on 20 July 2011 to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Viscount Colville of Culross was elected. 

Death of Lord Monson: by-election

Lord Monson, a Crossbench hereditary Peer, died on 12 February 2011. A by-election was held in May 2011 to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. The Earl of Lytton was elected.

Death of Lord Strabolgi: by-election

Lord Strabolgi, one of the 15 hereditary Peers elected by the whole House in 1999, died on 24 December 2010. A by-election was held on 23 March 2011 to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Viscount Hanworth was elected.

Address queries about the by-elections to Antony Willott, Journal Office, House of Lords, telephone 020 7219 5307.

By-elections: background

Under the House of Lords Act 1999, the House of Lords elected 90 hereditary Peers to sit in the reformed House. When of these hereditary Peers dies, a by-election is held.

All those on the Register of hereditary Peers are eligible to stand in by-elections. The by-election must take place within three months of any vacancy occurring.

The system of by-elections came into effect in November 2002.

Further information 

House of Lords FAQ: By-elections – list of results of previous by-elections.

By-election notices – notices relating to all previous by-elections.

Lords Information Office

Contact us to find out more about the work, role and membership of the Lords.