By-elections in the House of Lords

This page sets out notices, lists of candidates and results of recent by-elections in the House of Lords.

2014 by-elections

Crossbench hereditary Peers’ by-election

Two vacancies were created among the excepted hereditary Peers who sit in the House of Lords. These arose from the death of Viscount Allenby of Megiddo on 3 October 2014 and the retirement of Lord Cobbold under section 1 of the House of Lords Reform Act 2014 on 13 October 2014.

Under Standing Order 10, these vacancies were filled by means of a by-election which took place on 9 December 2014. Lord Russell of Liverpool and the Duke of Somerset were elected.

Hereditary Peers’ by-election

Lord Methuen, one of the 15 hereditary Peers elected by the whole House in 1999, died on 9 July 2014. A by-election was held to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. The Earl of Oxford and Asquith was elected.

Hereditary Peers’ by-election

Lord Moran, a Crossbench hereditary Peer, died on 14 February 2014. A by-election was held to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Lord Cromwell was elected.

2013 by-elections

Hereditary Peers’ by-election

Lord Reay, one of the 15 hereditary Peers elected by the whole House in 1999, died on 10 May 2013. A by-election was held on 16 July 2013 to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Lord Borwick was elected.

Conservative Hereditary Peers’ by-election

Earl Ferrers, an elected Conservative hereditary Peer, died on 13 November 2012. A by-election was held to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Viscount Ridley was elected.

2011 by-elections

Conservative Hereditary Peers’ by-election

The Earl of Onslow, an elected Conservative hereditary Peer, died on 14 May 2011. A by-election was held on 20 July 2011 to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Lord Ashton of Hyde was elected.

Hereditary Peers’ by-election

Lord Ampthill, one of the 15 hereditary Peers elected by the whole House in 1999, died on 23 April 2011. A by-election was held on 20 July 2011 to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Viscount Colville of Culross was elected. 

Death of Lord Monson: by-election

Lord Monson, a Crossbench hereditary Peer, died on 12 February 2011. A by-election was held in May 2011 to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. The Earl of Lytton was elected.

Death of Lord Strabolgi: by-election

Lord Strabolgi, one of the 15 hereditary Peers elected by the whole House in 1999, died on 24 December 2010. A by-election was held on 23 March 2011 to fill the vacant seat, in accordance with Standing Order 10. Viscount Hanworth was elected.

Address queries about the by-elections to Antony Willott, Journal Office, House of Lords, telephone 020 7219 5307.

By-elections: background

Under the House of Lords Act 1999, the House of Lords elected 90 hereditary Peers to sit in the reformed House. When of these hereditary Peers dies, a by-election is held.

All those on the Register of hereditary Peers are eligible to stand in by-elections. The by-election must take place within three months of any vacancy occurring.

The system of by-elections came into effect in November 2002.

Further information 

House of Lords FAQ: By-elections – list of results of previous by-elections.

By-election notices – notices relating to all previous by-elections.

Lords Information Office

Contact us to find out more about the work, role and membership of the Lords.