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Use this informative lesson plan (including card sort and quiz) to teach your students aged 11-14 how people become MPs and Peers, their roles, and how these relate to the democratic process.
Session 1 focuses on the process of becoming an MP or Peer and how they represent the people, using a slide presentation and card sort.
Session 2 takes a more in-depth look at what the different roles involve. Discuss with your class some of the reasons for contacting MPs, what they do, and how this work differs from that of a Peer.
Time required: 2 x 60 minutes
All students should:
- know that MPs work in the House of Commons and Peers work in the House of Lords.
- be able to describe at least two differences between MPs and Peers including the fact that MPs are elected and Peers are unelected.
- know that MPs are elected at a general election to represent a geographical area (a constituency) and that they then represent everyone in that area whether they voted for them or not.
Most students should:
- be able to explain the basic process of the first past the post system.
- be able to explain the sorts of things someone might contact their MP about.
- be able to describe similarities and differences between MPs and Peers including the fact that MPs split their work between Westminster and their constituency work and the fact that both MPs and Peers are responsible for holding the government to account.
- have discussed and explained their opinion on a controversial issue.
Some students should:
- be able to describe some of the ways an individual can influence decisions made in Parliament and help hold the government to account via their elected representative.
- have discussed and explained their opinion on a controversial issue and formulated arguments for both sides of the debate.
These lesson plans are accompanied by ready-made quizzes, card sorts, and worksheets for students.
People and Parliament - Presentation
A front-of-classroom presentation.