This page provides information about proposals for further devolution to Scotland, and discussions over the implications for England. At the side you will see links to material on the September 2014 referendum.
New powers: what has been proposed?
During the referendum campaign the three main UK parties committed to further devolution of powers to the Scottish Parliament. Trace the commitment to a 'timetable', and see the substantive new powers proposed by each party:
Scotland: Devolution proposals - Commons Library Standard Note SN06987, 24 Sep 2014
Smith Commission - set up by the Prime Minster to take forward the devolution commitments.
English votes on English laws
The position of MPs from devolved areas voting on laws for England has come into focus. The McKay Commission made proposals for change in 2013. It argued that decisions at the United Kingdom level with a separate and distinct effect for England should normally be taken only with the consent of a majority of MPs for constituncies in England. Known as the 'West Lothian Question', this issue, and efforts to resolve it, have a long history.
The McKay Commission: Report of the Commission on the consequences of devolution for the House of Commons - Commons Library Standard Note, 14 Feb 2014
The West Lothian question - Commons Library Standard Note SN02586, 18 Jan 2012
Scottish Independence Referendum 2014
In the Scottish Independence Referendum held on the 18th September 2014, the question ‘Should Scotland be an independent country?’ was rejected by 55.3% to 44.7%
See information on the votes cast and the electorate in each referendum counting area and on opinion polls in the lead-up to the referendum:
Commons Library Research Paper RP 14/50
22 Jan 2015 - Draft legislation, Scotland in the United Kingdom: An enduring settlement, Cm 8990 published
16 October 2014
House of Commons debate - End of day adjournment debate on UK Government: Scotland initiated by Gordon Brown MP.
14 October 2014
House of Commons debate - Devolution (Scotland Referendum) debate on a Government motion.
13 October 2014
The Scotland Office publishes The parties’ published proposals on further devolution for Scotland, Cm 8946.
Click here for important dates and events