Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 1-20 out of 5515

  • Pre-nuptial agreements Published 25 November 2014 | Standard notes SN03752 A pre-nuptial (or pre-marital) agreement is an agreement made by a couple before they marry or enter into a civil partnership which sets out how they wish their assets to be divided if they should divorce or have their civil partnership dissolved. Pre-nuptial agreements are not automatically enforceable in courts in England and Wales. Topic: Family law, Marriage, Registration of births, deaths and marriages
  • ‘Visa bans’: Powers to refuse or revoke immigration permission for reasons of character, conduct or associations Published 25 November 2014 | Standard notes SN07035 The Home Secretary and immigration officials are able to refuse permission to enter the UK, or revoke permission already granted, for reasons related to an individual’s character, conduct or associations. It is also possible for the Home Secretary to exclude a person even if they have not indicated an intention to travel to the UK. Topic: Immigration, Terrorism
  • Tenancies (Reform) Bill 2014-15 Published 25 November 2014 | Standard notes SN07015 Retaliatory eviction describes situations where private landlords, in response to tenants' requests for repairs, serve them with a section 21 notice in order to end the tenancy. The aim of Sarah Teather's Bill is to prevent tenants from feeling unable to complain about poor property conditions because they fear eviction. This note explains the law in relation to retaliatory eviction and evidence around the extent to which it occurs, before going on to explain the measures contained in the Tenancies (Reform) Bill. Topic: Housing, Housing standards, Private rented housing
  • Social security expenditure: Social Indicators page Published 24 November 2014 | Standard notes SN02656 Summary data on benefit and tax credit expenditure in Great Britain. Topic: Benefits administration, Public expenditure, Working age benefits
  • Converter Academies: Statistics Published 24 November 2014 | Standard notes SN06233 The Government introduced the Academies Bill at the end of May 2010. The Academies Act 2010 came into force in time to allow the first converter academies to start in September 2010. The legislation streamlined the process of converting to an academy and also allowed primary and special schools to become academies. Up to the start of November 2014 a total of 3,032 schools had converted to become academies and a further 825 had applied for conversion. Secondary schools dominated the first two years of conversions, but since then more primaries have converted and now a small majority of all converter academies are primary schools. A greater proportion of secondaries have converted; currently 41%. The secondary schools which have converted so far had free school meal eligibility rates around half the national average. Topic: Schools
  • Votes in Parliament on the under-occupation deduction from Housing Benefit Published 24 November 2014 | Standard notes SN06993 This note provides information on when divisions (votes) concerning this measure (referred to as the 'bedroom tax' and also the 'spare room subsidy' have taken place in Parliament and on the outcome of those divisions. Details are provided on how the different Parties voted. Topic: Housing, Housing benefits, Working age benefits
  • Mobile (park homes): 10% commission on sales Published 24 November 2014 | Standard notes SN07003 This note explains the requirement to pay 10% commission on the sale price of a mobile home to the site owner and provides information on various reviews of that requirement. Mobile home owners regard the charge as "unfair and out of date." Topic: Housing, Owner occupation
  • Inflation Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN02792 Inflation: Data on both the CPI and RPI inflation indices. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation
  • Measures to limit migrants’ access to benefits Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN06889 Following an article by the Prime Minister’s in the Financial Times on 27 November 2013 in which he said he shared concerns about the impact of lifting transitional restrictions on the right of Romanian and Bulgarian right to work in the UK from 1 January 2014, the Government has introduced a raft of measures “to tighten up our EEA migration rules to ensure our welfare system is not taken advantage of.” Topic: Benefits administration, Benefits policy, EU enlargement, Family benefits, Housing benefits, Immigration, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits, Working age benefits
  • Retail sales: economic indicators Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN02818 Retail sales: key indicators on the value of retail sales. Topic: Economic situation, Service industries
  • Constituency Casework: A guide to age related legislation Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN07032 This note sets out the age restrictions that define a child in a variety of aspects of life including: contracts; debt; housing; benefits; education; employment and medical treatment, with reference to the relevant legislation in each case. Topic: Children and families
  • Online safety: Content filtering by UK Internet Service Providers (ISPs) Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN07031 This a research paper summarising government policy on the introduction of internet filters iby UK Internet Service Providers Topic: Information technology, Internet and cybercrime
  • Pension Schemes Bill 2014-15 - House of Commons stages Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN07030 A guide to debate in the House of Commons on a Bill to provide a new legislative framework for private pensions and make changes relating to the flexibilities for defined contribution pension savers to be introduced from April 2015 Topic: Pensions
  • Gross Domestic Product Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN02783 UK Gross Domestic Product: Regularly updated data on growth and forecasts. Topic: Economic situation
  • GDP - international comparisons: key economic indicators Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN02784 GDP International Comparisons: data and forecasts for the UK and the world's largest economies. Topic: Economic situation, International economic relations, World economy
  • Government borrowing, debt and debt interest: historical statistics and forecasts Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN05745 This note provides statistics on government borrowing, debt and debt interest payments. Historical figures and forecasts are shown. The note is purely statistical: there is no analysis. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation, Public expenditure
  • UK Arms Export Control Policy Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN02729 This note provides an overview of the development of the UK's legal and regulatory framework for arms exports since 1997. Controversy about UK arms exports to countries involved in the Arab Spring has led to changes in how the control regime operates in relation to exports that might be used for internal repression. UK ratification of the Arms Trade Treaty in April 2014 has required amendment of secondary legislation and an updating of the Consolidated Criteria, on which official decisions about whether to approve or refuse an export licence are based. Concerns have been raised that the revised version of the Criteria, published in March 2014, is weaker than the 2000 original and that this has opened the way for a relaxation in UK arms export control policy. The Government denies that this has occurred. Topic: Arms control, Human rights, International trade
  • Public Finances Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN02812 At the end of October 2014, both the deficit and debt are larger compared with the same period in 2013/14. Topic: Economic situation, Public expenditure
  • Financial Indicators Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN05207 Financial Indicators: Data from FTSE100, as well as oil prices and gold prices. Topic: Economic situation
  • The Arms Trade Treaty Published 21 November 2014 | Standard notes SN05802 A legally binding Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) was adopted by the UN General Assembly on 2 April 2013. It provides, for the first time, an international legal and regulatory framework for the arms trade based on respect for international law and human rights. The UK ratified the treaty on 2 April 2014. Primary legislation was not required for ratification but secondary legislation was amended and the UK’s Consolidated Criteria, which are the basis upon which official decisions are made about whether to approve licence applications for arms exports, were updated. The treaty enters into force on 24 December 2014 Topic: Arms control, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Human rights, United Nations

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