Brexit: economy, business and trade

How will exiting the European Union affect the UK's economy, business and trade? Read analysis from Parliament's libraries and committees on the impact of Brexit.

Importance of trade with the EU for UK industries
Examines the importance of trade with the EU for the sectors and industries of the UK economy

Brexit: trade aspects
Examines possible options for the UK's trading relationships with the EU after Brexit. This paper has been updated to include a new chapter on trade with non-EU countries

Brexit and trade
Examines the UK's future trade relationship with the EU post-Brexit, and considers the development of trade relations with non-EU countries

UK and the World Trade Organisation
Considers how the UK would trade with the EU under WTO terms, if the UK left the EU without a trade deal

The UK and relations with Ireland
Examines the implications on the relationship with Ireland, particularly, in regards to peace, security and trade

Government still unclear on trade after Brexit
Report identifies central issues for the Government to resolve as it prepares for Brexit

CETA: the EU-Canada free trade agreement
Details of the Comprehensive Trade and Economic Partnership free trade agreement between the EU and Canada

Customs Unions
Information on customs unions in light of the UK’s decision to leave the EU

Statistics on UK-EU trade
Provides some basic statistics on the UK's trade with the EU

Future trade between the UK and the EU
Trade between the UK and the EU in goods and services, after the UK leaves the EU

List of EU trade agreements (PDF)
Provides a list of EU trade agreements in force.

Leaving the European Union: Global Free Trade
What are the opportunities for the UK to be an outward looking champion of global free trade?

The UK and Ireland
Examines the current peace and security, and trade situation, drawing upon commentary from UK and Irish heads of governments, political parties, think tanks and organisations

Brexit: the exit bill (updated: 31 July 2017)
Considers the issues related to the 'single financial settlement' - the UK's financial contribution to the EU after Brexit

UK tax after the EU referendum (updated: 7 July 2017)
Discusses the balance of competences between the UK and the EU

EU State Aid rules and WTO Subsidies Agreement
Examines the rules on State Aid and subsidies, and considers the impact of Brexit

Report on tax powers to boost tourism in Northern Ireland
Report "Promoting the tourism industry in Northern Ireland through the tax system"

UK payments to EU budget could end but political consequences would be profound
Contributions to the EU budget will be a politically sensitive and important element of the forthcoming withdrawal negotiations

Government must ensure Gibraltar's voice is heard
Loss of access to the Single Market in services, or to its cross-border workforce, could significantly harm Gibraltar's economy

Productivity in the UK
Looks at the impact of Brexit on productivity growth and outlines Government policy

The UK's contribution to the EU budget (updated: 8 August 2017)
Looks at how the UK contributes to the EU budget and how much it receives back

A guide to the EU budget
Helps explain EU's spending and how it is financed

The Single Market, citizens rights, and UK economy
Examines the rights of EU citizens living in the UK as well as the UK’s future economic requirements

UK Funding from the EU
Looks at funding received by UK from the EU and the impact for regional development, agriculture support, research and innovation

Economic update: new targets, new forecasts
Review of the Autumn Statement and the first forecasts for the economy and the public finances since the EU referendum

Future funding from the European Investment Bank
UK’s vote to leave the EU has generated some uncertainty about sources of future infrastructure investment

Leaving the European Union: The Impact on Professional Sport
Examines the possible impact of migration negotiations on the status of professional sportspeople in the UK, as well as the economic impact of Brexit on professional sport, with particular reference to football, rugby and cricket

The abolition of mobile roaming charges and Brexit
Examines the regulation of roaming charges in the EU and the possible impact of Brexit on UK consumers

Brexit and financial services
What implications are there for the financial services sector, an economic sector which is critical to the UK economy?

Access to Digital Single Market post-Brexit
European Scrutiny Committee report asks for case-by-case assessment of how EU digital initiatives could be achieved

UK's trade in non-financial services with the EU
Considers the potential impact on trade in professional business services, digital services, creative services, air services, and, tourism, education and health-related travel services

Effect of the UK leaving the EU on the rural economy
Information produced ahead of the debate on 17 January 2017

Leaving the European Union: Impact on the Creative Industries
Information on the potential impact of leaving the EU on the creative industries

The effect of leaving the EU on businesses in Wales
Information produced ahead of the debate on 14 December 2016

Housing market and construction industry
How will Brexit affect construction industry confidence, the housing market and potential policy responses?

UK tourism
How will Brexit potentially affect UK tourism?

Steel: Preserving sustainable jobs and growth in Europe
European Scrutiny, Business, Innovation and Skills, Energy and Climate Change, Welsh Affairs, and Work & Pensions, Committees evidence session on Government's position

Brexit reading list: economic, business and transport policy issues
Information on and/or links to a selection of analysis, comment and statistics on:

  • Trade negotiations, tariffs and custom duties
  • Domestic economic policy and public expenditure
  • the EU budget, contributions, grants and loans
  • Business and industry, state aid and SMEs
  • Employment, training, pay and the cost of living
  • Regional economic development and transport
  • Issues for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland

UK and Brexit: stay up to date

Receive updates when we add new content on this subject.  

News from across the House

News from across the House of Commons and House of Lords

Brexit glossary

List of commonly-used terms and acronyms, for example:

  • Article 50 TEU
  • Hard Brexit
  • Soft Brexit
  • Smooth Brexit
  • Red, white and blue Brexit
  • Great Repeal Bill

Background to the referendum

Reports and briefings on the UK's EU referendum 2016

Author information

Commons and Lords Library service

Authors of the research briefings are available to discuss them with Members and their staff. The research briefings are published to the UK Parliament website.

Select Committees

Both Houses establish select committees to conduct inquiries and to produce reports on a range of matters, from the conduct of Government to specialist subject areas. Information on their work can be found on the website.

Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST)

POST provides research from across the biological, physical and social sciences, and engineering and technology

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