Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 101-120 out of 5300

  • Inter-racial adoption Published 27 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06351 This note provides information on the current law and policy on inter-racial adoption. Topic: Children and families, Children's social services
  • Office of the Children’s Commissioner for England Published 27 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06347 The development of the Office of the Children’s Commissioner for England since its establishment in 2005, including the 2014 reforms. Topic: Children and families
  • Wales Bill 2013-14 Published 27 March 2014 | Research papers RP14/19 Amended 02 April 2014 The Wales Bill had its first reading in the House of Commons on 20 March 2014; it is due to have its second reading on 31 March 2014. The Bill devolves some tax-raising powers to the National Assembly for Wales. Stamp duty and landfill tax are devolved, while a power is created to reduce income tax by 10 pence in the pound and put a Welsh rate of income tax in its place. The Bill allows these powers over income tax to be devolved only if they are approved in a referendum, the calling of which is subject to parliamentary approval and a two-thirds majority in the Assembly. Topic: Devolution, National Assembly for Wales, Taxation
  • The Leveson Report: implementation Published 27 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06535 This note provides pointers to the developments since publication of the report. It does not attempt to summarise the complex arguments involved or differences between the various proposals for draft legislation that have been brought forward. Topic: Media, Press
  • Post Office numbers Published 27 March 2014 | Standard notes SN02585 Over the past 30 years the number of post offices in the UK has almost halved, although numbers have remained stable over the last few years. This note provides a breakdown of the network size by year and by quarter. Also included is a breakdown of post offices by type and by region. Topic: Postal services
  • The Household Benefit Cap Published 27 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06294 This note explains how the household benefit cap will operate and summarises reactions to it, including attempts to amend the benefit cap as the Welfare Reform Act progressed through Parliament. Topic: Housing, Housing benefits, Private rented housing, Social rented housing
  • Hereditary Peers in the House of Lords Since 1999 Published 27 March 2014 | Library notes LLN 2014/014 Amended 31 March 2014 The House of Lords Act 1999 ended the centuries-old linkage between the hereditary peerage and membership of the House of Lords. The majority of hereditary Peers left the House of Lords in November 1999, but under a compromise arrangement, 92 of their number, known as ‘excepted’ hereditary Peers still sit in the House today. Topic: House of Lords, Members of the Lords, Parliament
  • Motor Industry Published 26 March 2014 | Standard notes SN00611 Amended 31 March 2014 Motor manufacuturing in the UK. The industry is worth around 1% of UK output, £10.4 billion. Topic: Industry, Manufacturing industries
  • Firefighters pension schemes - current reforms Published 26 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06585 Looks at the current debate on reforms to firefighters' pensions Topic: Fire services, Pensions
  • Is adherence to the European Convention on Human Rights a condition of European Union membership? Published 26 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06577 This Note looks at what the EU Treaties say about adherence to human rights provisions and considers different views on the compatibility of withdrawal from the European Convention with continued EU membership. Topic: EU law and treaties, European Commission, Human rights
  • Surveillance of infectious disease Published 26 March 2014 | POST notes POST PN 462 This briefing describes current surveillance efforts and examines new technological developments and their likely impacts on UK and international public health. Topic: Communicable diseases, Genetics, Information technology, Medicine
  • Transparency of clinical trials data Published 26 March 2014 | POST notes POST PN 461 This briefing examines ways of achieving greater transparency and the issues that they raise. Topic: Medicine, Regulation, Research and innovation
  • Green Belt Published 26 March 2014 | Standard notes SN00934 Amended 09 April 2014 Government's policy on the green belt protection is set out in the National Planning Policy Framework. This note sets out concern about green belt protect and Government responses to these concerns. It gives links to further statistics on the size of the green belt. Topic: Environmental protection, Planning
  • State Pension Uprating - 2010 onwards Published 26 March 2014 | Standard notes SN05649 Amended 31 March 2014 Looks at the current policy on uprating the State Pension and Pension Credit Topic: Pensions
  • Planning: change of use system Published 26 March 2014 | Standard notes SN01301 Amended 09 April 2014 The planning use class system allows change of use of buildings without the need for planning permission. The Government has a range of proposals to further decrease the need for planning permission - particularly in respect of residential homes. Topic: Planning
  • Permitted Development Rights Published 26 March 2014 | Standard notes SN00485 Amended 09 April 2014 Permitted development rights allow changes to be made to buildings and use of land without needing planning permission. The Government has several proposals to make changes in this area. Topic: Planning
  • Planning Reform Proposals Published 26 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06418 Amended 09 April 2014 Planning reform proposals to change planning law and policy have been set out by Government. Changes are expected to permitted development rights and a review of the Nationally Significant Infrastructure Regime. Topic: Housing, Housing supply, Planning, Regional planning and development
  • The welfare cap Published 25 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06852 Budget 2014 introduced a cap on welfare spending covering some benefits. This note describes what benefits are included and the operation of the cap. Topic: Benefits policy, Economic policy, Public expenditure
  • Standardised packaging of tobacco products Published 25 March 2014 | Standard notes SN06175 Amended 04 April 2014 This note gives an overview of the debate over standardised packaging. As such, it is not a comprehensive account of the different arguments used by those who support its use, and those who oppose it. Much more detail on these arguments is given in the Government’s summary report to its public consultation. Similarly, this note does not seek to evaluate the different views that have been expressed as to the impact that standardised packaging might have on public health, the incidence of smuggling, and the compliance costs to business. Topic: Consumers, Health education and preventive medicine, Smoking
  • Independent Living Fund Published 25 March 2014 | Standard notes SN05633 This note provides a short history of the Independent Living Fund and the arrangements being made for its closure in June 2015. It covers the UK. Topic: Community care

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POST produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology. You can leave feedback at www.surveymonkey.com/postnote