The Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures (Amendment) Bill abolishes the system of control orders, established under the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005, and replaces it with a new regime – Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures (TPIMs ) – designed to protect the public from terrorism.
The Bill, which started in the Commons, completed its committee stage in the House of Lords on 1 November.
The Bill has been the subject of a number of select committee reports.
Joint Committee on Human Rights
The Joint Committee on Human Rights’ second report on the Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures Bill, published 20 October, follows the Government’s response to its first report, which was published in July 2011.
The Committee says it supports amendments to clauses 3 and 6, tabled by Lord Lloyd of Berwick, which seek to replace executive orders with prior judicial authorisation of the kind which both human rights law and common law constitutional tradition require.
The Committee also recommends amendments tabled by Lord Pannick, including proposals in relation to a merits review of whether the conditions for imposing TPIMs are satisfied, and to the provision of information to an individual who is the subject of TPIMs about the allegations against them to enable them to give effective instructions to their legal representatives.
A report of the Joint Committee on Human Rights, published on 19 July, says that criminal prosecution of terrorist suspects must be a priority. The Committee shares the concerns raised in Lord Macdonald's report (on the review of counter-terrorism and security powers) that TPIMs do not go far enough to bring restrictions on the freedoms of terrorist suspects into the domain of criminal due process, as part of a continuing criminal investigation into their activities.
The Committee is concerned by a significant fall in convictions for terrorism offences over the past four years while the ‘overriding purpose’ of the provisions in the Bill, as it currently stands, is prevention rather than investigation and prosecution.
The report recommends possible amendments to give effect to an alternative model Lord Macdonald proposes in his report, bringing TPIMs into the criminal justice process.
The Lords Constitution Committee describes the Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures Bill as an "unsatisfactory compromise" in a report published on 15 September. The report says the proposed measures in the Bill do not adequately address a "serious and continuing failure of public policy", and questions whether the UK should adopt a permanent scheme of what are meant to be "extraordinary" powers for dealing with terrorist suspects.
Passage of the Bill
Report stage gives all Members of the Lords further opportunity to consider all amendments – proposals for change – to a Bill.