Press Notice 37

Session 2002 - 03

3rd July 2003

- PRESS NOTICE -

Inquiry to start in the autumn

MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT


The International Development Committee has agreed that its next major inquiry will be into  Migration and Development. The inquiry is expected to start in November.

Migration has perhaps been regarded traditionally as an indicator of development failure. But more recently the subject has begun to emerge as a development issue, one on which developing countries wish to negotiate agreements and to which donors are beginning to give attention.

In particular, the inquiry will address the following issues:

1.  Development, poverty reduction and migration

What is the predicted pattern and scale of migration over the next 25 years?

What is the nature of the link between development and migration?

What rules, structures and incentives are needed to maximise the (development) benefits and reduce the (development) costs of migration?

Can -- and should - aid try to prevent migration by promoting local development? 

2.  Migrants as a development resource

How can migrants be mobilised to complement aid for the purposes of development?

The 'co-development' experience of other countries.

3.  Remittances

The importance of remittances for a) development and b) poverty alleviation, and how to maximise the development, especially job-creating, outcomes of remittances and the capital of returning migrants.

How can aid and remittances best supplement each other?

How to reduce the "transaction costs" of remittances?

4.  Brain drain versus brain gain

Do skills acquisition/preferential quota systems in Europe strip developing countries of their talent?

Do returning migrants bring with them skills and capital, and thereby build capacity?

Is the export of skilled labour a development strategy for some countries?

How important is the mobility of lower-skilled workers?

What will be the role of GATS Mode 4, temporary movement of natural persons?

  5.  Conflicts, refugees and migration

Can aid prevent violent conflicts and reduce the number of international asylum seekers?

What are the differences in developmental terms between voluntary economic migration and forced migration?

6.  South-south migration

Most migration takes place within the south. How important is this migration from a development perspective and what can be done to improve the protection of migrants' rights?

Does aid to those countries which border conflict areas act as pull factor and increase the number of refugees?

What should the UK (DFID) role be in relation to south-south migration?

7.  Development coherence and policy on migration.

How consistent (in both a national and international context) are donor governments' approaches to migration with their policies on development cooperation, humanitarian relief, and refugee protection?

Should DFID adopt a less neutral approach and develop a policy on development-friendly migration? If so, how should it fit with DFID's own Country Assistance Strategies and how should DFID promote such a policy across government?

8.  Gender issues and migration.

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THE COMMITTEE INVITES ORGANISATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS WITH RELEVANT EXPERIENCE AND EXPERTISE TO SUBMIT MEMORANDA

Any memorandum of more than six pages should include a summary at the front. Once submitted, evidence is the property of the Committee and may be published.    Evidence should be sent to the Clerk of the Committee ideally by 7 November 2003.  If possible, please supply an electronic version in MS Word or Rich Text Format, either by e-mail to [email protected] or on a disk.  If submitted by e-mail or e-mail attachment, a letter should also be sent validating the e-mail.  Further guidance on the submission of evidence can be found at

http://www.parliament.uk/commons/selcom/witguide.htm

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Detailed enquiries to Alan Hudson, Committee Specialist, on 020 7219 1522 or [email protected]

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Reports and press notices issued by the International Development Committee are available on the Parliamentary  website: www.parliament.uk/parliamentary_committees/international_development.cfm

The membership of the Committee is as follows: Tony Baldry (Chairman) (Conservative, Banbury), John Barrett (Liberal Democrat, Edinburgh West), John Battle (Labour, Leeds West), Hugh Bayley (Labour, City of York), Alistair Burt (Conservative, North East Bedfordshire), Ann Clwyd (Labour, Cynon Valley), Tony Colman (Labour, Putney), Mr Piara S. Khabra (Labour, Ealing, Southall), Chris McCafferty (Labour, Calder Valley), Mr Robert Walter (Conservative, North Dorset) and  Mr Tony Worthington (Labour, Clydebank and Milngavie).

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