The Committee invites interested persons and groups to submit evidence on this issue and would welcome written submissions by Friday 29 April 2011.
Further information about the Committee’s inquiry is set out below, together with questions the Committee intends to address. You do not need to answer all of these questions in your written submission.
The Committee particularly welcomes submissions from disabled people and their families about independent living and how Government policies, practices and legislation or the activities of public authorities and others can implement the right to independent living in practice.
This Call for Evidence has also been prepared in an Easy Read version;
Copies can also be obtained by contacting the Committee on 020 7219 2384.
The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (the Disability Rights Convention) builds on existing human rights treaties including the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights. Its purpose is to:
"Promote, protect and ensure the full enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities, and to promote respect for their inherent dignity."
The Disability Rights Convention is the newest treaty in the UN human rights framework. The United Kingdom ratified the Convention on 8 June 2009. The Convention has at its heart the principles of equality and independent living, which are designed to ensure that disabled people enjoy their rights on an equal basis to others. The first principle of the Convention provides that there shall be:
"Respect for the inherent dignity, individual autonomy, including the freedom to make one's own choices, and independence of persons."
Public authorities have specific duties to promote equality for disabled people in the Equality Act 2010. These duties broadly reflect the obligations of the Government in the UN Disability Rights Convention. That Convention recognises that disabled people have a right to access community life without discrimination. For example, Article 19 provides:
"State Parties to this Convention recognise the equal right of persons with disabilities to live in the community with choices equal to others, and shall take effective and appropriate measures to facilitate full enjoyment by persons with disabilities of this right and their full inclusion and participation in the Community"
The right to independent living
Independent living is described by the Office for Disability Issues as follows:
"Independent living is about disabled people having the same level of choice, control and freedom in their daily lives as any other person."
Independent living was placed at the heart of the last Government’s policy on disability. Each of the three main political parties expressed their approval of the Independent Living Strategy published in 2008, which sets out actions aimed at improving the choice and control disabled people have over the services they need to live their daily lives. The aims of the strategy are that:
- Disabled people (including older disabled people) who need support to go about their daily lives will have greater choice and control over how support is provided
- Disabled people (including older disabled people) will have greater access to housing, education, employment, leisure and transport opportunities and to participation in family and community life.
In June 2010, the Government explained that it was looking at further ways of taking the Independent Living Strategy forward.
In December 2009, the Scottish Government, the Confederation of Scottish Local Authorities (COSLA) and the Independent Living Movement in Scotland signed up to a shared Vision for Independent Living in Scotland. No similar national strategy exists in Northern Ireland or in Wales.
- Should the right to independent living continue to form the basis for Government policy on disability in the UK?
- Do existing policy statements, including the Independent Living Strategy, represent a coherent policy towards the implementation of the obligations in Article 19 of the UN Disability Rights Convention? Could current policy be improved? If so, how?
- What steps, if any, should the coalition Government, the Scottish Government or other public agencies take better to meet the obligations in Article 19 and to secure the right to independent living for all disabled people in the UK?
- If you consider changes to policies, practices or legislation in the UK are necessary, please explain.
Impact of funding on the right to independent living
The impact on the right to independent living of restricted funding, including proposals for cuts in the emergency budget and in the Comprehensive Spending Review, is not yet clear. A number of changes have recently been announced which may impact positively or negatively on the ability of disabled people to "have the same level of choice, control and freedom in their daily lives as any other person".
The Committee would particularly welcome evidence on these recent developments:
- The decision, announced in the CSR, to remove the mobility component of Disability Living Allowance for all people living in residential care
- Changes to the Independent Living Fund
- "the Big Society"
- Restrictions on local authority funding, social care budgets and benefits reassessments
- Increased focus on localisation and its potential impact on care provision, and specifically, on portability of care and mobility for disabled people
- What impact does funding have on the ability of the UK to secure the right to independent living protected by Article 19 of the UN Disability Rights Convention?
- How will recent policy and budgetary decisions impact on the ability of the UK to meet its obligation under Article 19 to protect the right of all persons to independent living?
Participation and consultation
The Disability Rights Convention is based on inclusion of disabled people in policy development and decision making. Article 4(3) of the Convention specifically provides that State Parties shall "closely consult with and actively involve persons with disabilities...through their representative organisations" in any decisions concerning issues relating to persons with disabilities.
- What steps should the Government take to meet its obligations under the Disability Rights Convention to involve disabled people in policy development and decision-making, including in budget decisions such as the Comprehensive Spending Review?
- Are the current arrangements for involvement of disabled people in policy development and decision-making working?
Monitoring the effective implementation of the Convention
The UK is required to submit its first periodic report on the implementation of the Convention to the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in summer 2011.
This report is being coordinated by the national focal point in Government required under the Convention, in the UK, the Office for Disability Issues. The Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC) together with the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission (NIHRC) and the Scottish Human Rights Commission (SHRC) - has a responsibility under the Convention as part of the national implementation mechanism to promote the effective implementation of the Disability Rights Convention (Article 31).
- What steps should Government take to ensure that disabled people’s views are taken into account when drafting their reports to the UN under the UNCRPD?
- As part of the national monitoring mechanism, what steps should the EHRC, NIHRC and SHRC take to ensure that the Convention is implemented effectively?
You need not address all these questions. Short submissions are preferred. A submission longer than six pages should include a one-page summary.
A copy of the submission should be sent by e-mail to [email protected] and marked "Independent living". An additional paper copy should be sent to: Greta Piacquadio, Joint Committee on Human Rights, 7 Millbank, London SW1A 0AA.
It would be helpful, for Data Protection purposes, if individuals submitting written evidence send their contact details separately in a covering letter. You should be aware that there may be circumstances in which the Joint Committee on Human Rights will be required to communicate information to third parties on request, in order to comply with its obligations under the Freedom of Information Act 2000.
A guide for written submissions to Select Committees is available here:
Please also note that:
- Material already published elsewhere should not form the basis of a submission, but may be referred to within a proposed memorandum, in which case a hard copy of the published work should be included.
- Evidence becomes the property of the Committee, and may be printed, placed on the Internet or circulated by the Committee at any stage. You may publicise or publish your evidence yourself, but in doing so you must indicate that it was prepared for the Committee. Evidence published other than under the authority of the Committee does not attract parliamentary privilege. If your evidence is not printed, it will in due course be made available to the public in the Parliamentary Archives.
- All communications to the Committee about the inquiry should be addressed through the clerk or the Chairman of the Committee, whether or not they are intended to constitute formal evidence to the Committee.