The Committee makes 86 detailed recommendations aimed at ensuring that the powers within the Bill are workable, can be clearly understood by those affected by them and have proper safeguards. The single biggest safeguard is the much greater involvement of judges in authorising warrants for intrusive capabilities, which the Committee welcomes.
Chairman of the Committee, Lord Murphy of Torfaen, said:
“The Prime Minister described the draft Bill as being the most important in the current session. It is indeed significant in scale and scope and comes at a time when public debates over the tension between civil liberties and security are prominent.
“There is much to be commended in the draft Bill, but the Home Office has a significant amount of further work to do before Parliament can be confident that the provisions have been fully thought through. In some important cases, such as the proposal for communications service providers to create and store users’ internet connection records, the Committee saw the potential value of the proposal but also that the cost and other practical implications are still being worked out. In a number of areas the definitions used in the Bill will be important, and we have asked the Home Office to do more to address these.
“The creation of a new judicial oversight body and the much greater involvement of judges in the authorisation of warrants allowing for intrusive activities are both to be welcomed. We make a series of recommendations which aim to ensure that the new system will deliver the increased independence and oversight which has been promised.
“Much of the important detail about the way the new legislation will work is to be contained in a set of Codes of Practice. We echo the calls of other parliamentary committees that these should be published alongside the Bill.
“The next stage will be for the two Houses to consider the Bill properly when it is introduced. We hope that both Houses, and the public, find our report a useful start to the Parliamentary debate.”
The Committee identifies a number of areas on which it would like to see the Government provide greater clarity, including:
The Home Secretary assured the Committee that its approach to encryption is not designed to compromise security or require the creation of ‘backdoors’. The Committee welcomes this clarification, but is concerned that this needs to be made clear in the drafting of the legislation.
The Committee recommends that if bulk powers are to be included in the Bill, a fuller justification for each should also be published alongside the Bill. It recognises that the Intelligence and Security Committee has recently published its report, which the Committee believes will be of significant value to the two Houses when the Bill is introduced and scrutinised.
Internet Connection Records (ICRs)
The Committee sees the desirability of ICRs, but is not persuaded that enough work has been done to conclusively prove the case for them. The Committee would like to see the Government work harder with industry in order to provide more robust information.
The Committee recommends the establishment of a joint committee of the two Houses to review the operation of the powers in the Bill five years after its enacted.