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A large part of the work of the House of Commons and the House of Lords takes place in committees, made up of MPs or Lords. These committees consider policy issues, scrutinise the work and expenditure of the government, and examine proposals for primary and secondary legislation. Select committees (see below) operate largely by an investigative process, while legislative committees operate mainly by debate.
Environment Food and Rural Affairs Committee report on the financial cost of wasted food
Work and Pensions Committee says failures in the UK's system allow abusers to go free
Communities and Local Government Committee report on capacity in the homebuilding industry
Science and Technology Committee publishes report on Draft Spaceflight Bill
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Both Houses establish select committees to conduct inquiries and to produce reports on a range of matters, from the conduct of Government to specialist subject areas. Information on their work can be found on the select committee page.
Both Houses refer legislation to committees for detailed discussion and approval. These committees are part of the process of making laws and include public bill committees, delegated legislation committees and committees on private bills. There is more in Bills and Legislation.
Some other committees are established either by statute of either House, with a range of specific functions. These committees can be found through Committees A-Z.
The About Parliament section of our site provides information on the types of Parliamentary committees and their work.
Watch an overview of the work of Lords Select Committees, the influence they have and the impact of their reports and recommendations.
This short film explains the role and impact of select committees of the House of Commons, their membership, how they conduct inquiries, what it's like to be a witness and how you can get involved.