Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 81-100 out of 2747

  • UK Cases at the European Court of Human Rights since 1975 Published 04 November 2014 | Standard notes SN05611 This note gives brief details of UK cases at the European Court of Human Rights since 1975. Cases concluded by friendly settlement are included in this note, but Article 41 (previously Article 50) cases, which are concerned with determining “just satisfaction”, are not included. Topic: Europe, Human rights
  • Health and Social Care (Safety and Quality) Bill [Bill 17 of 2014-15] Published 04 November 2014 | Standard notes SN07011 Amended 05 November 2014 This Library briefing paper has been prepared for the Second Reading of the Health and Social Care (Safety and Quality) Bill on 7 November 2014. It is a Private Members Bill containing measures intended to improve patient safety. It was introduced by Jeremy Lefroy, the Member having come fifth in the Private Members’ Bill ballot. Topic: Health services, Health staff and professions
  • UK relations with Iran - 2014 Published 03 November 2014 | Standard notes SN07010 Amended 19 November 2014 How is the thaw in relations between Iran and the UK going? Topic: International trade, Iran, Iraq
  • Anti-social behaviour in social housing Published 03 November 2014 | Standard notes SN00264 This note gives an overview of the remedies available to social landlords to deal with tenants who exhibit anti-social behaviour; a term which covers a disparate and broad range of conduct from tensions between neighbours to violent and intimidatory behaviour. Topic: Anti-social behaviour, Housing, Social rented housing
  • Civil Service Recruitment: Heads of departments and Extended Ministerial Offices Published 03 November 2014 | Standard notes SN06697 This Note sets out the current rules for recruitment to the heads of department roles in the Civil Service and the rules on established Extended Ministerial Offices. Topic: Civil Service
  • Business and Consumer Confidence Published 31 October 2014 | Standard notes SN02817 Business and Consumer Confidence: Information on business and consumer confidence surveys, which is generally released ahead of official statistical data and can indicate changes to the economic outlook as well as turning points in the economic cycle. Topic: Consumers, Economic situation, Manufacturing industries
  • Inflation: International Published 31 October 2014 | Standard notes SN02794 Inflation: International: Harmonised Index of Comsumer Prices data on international inflation rates. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation, World economy
  • Household Debt Published 31 October 2014 | Standard notes SN02885 Household debt: Data on the latest household debt statistics, including net lending, mortgage interest rates and insolvencies. Topic: Economic situation, Financial services
  • Firefighters pension schemes - current reforms Published 31 October 2014 | Standard notes SN06585 Looks at the current debate on reforms to firefighters' pensions Topic: Fire services, Pensions
  • HE in England from 2012: Student numbers Published 31 October 2014 | Standard notes SN06205 New students starting higher education in England in 2012 faced higher tuition fees, potentially higher loan interest rates and longer loan durations. The Government has also introducing a new ‘core and margin’ model which introduces an element of competition into the allocation of student numbers between institutions. The impact of these changes on potential students and student numbers is seen as one key test of the success of the Government’s reforms to higher education in England. The number of new fell in 2012 as it did when fees were first introduced and then raised in the past. Any long term change to student numbers would also have important implications for the financial health of the higher education sector and the UK economy. Topic: Higher education, Students
  • HE in England from 2012: Funding and finance Published 31 October 2014 | Standard notes SN06206 The Government raised the cap on tuition fees for new student to £9,000 in 2012/13 and cut most ongoing direct public funding for tuition in England. This shifted the balance of higher education funding further away from the state and further towards the individual who benefits. Students can take out publicly subsided student loans to pay these higher fees. There is uncertainty about the final size of this subsidy and the Government’s estimate of it has increased considerably since the reforms were first announced. This also affects the size of any saving in public expenditure and the extent of the shift in costs from the state to the individual beneficiary. Topic: Higher education, Students
  • The National Insurance Contributions Bill 2014-15: Parliamentary scrutiny Published 30 October 2014 | Standard notes SN06975 The National Insurance Contributions Bill 2014-15 would allow for both categories of National Insurance contributions (NICs) which are payable by the self-employed – Class 2 and Class 4 – to be collected through self assessment from April 2016. The Bill would also extend existing tax rules regarding ‘accelerated payments’ and ‘high-risk’ tax promoters to NICs, and introduce a Targeted Anti-Avoidance Rule to prevent the avoidance of NICs by ‘intermediaires’. Topic: National insurance, Taxation
  • Trespass to land Published 30 October 2014 | Standard notes SN05116 This note provides some background information about issues relating to trespass to land. This is not generally a criminal offence; however, there are particular statutes which make particular forms of trespass offences. In 2012, the Government introduced a new offence of squatting in residential buildings, but also said it had no plans to criminalise any other forms of trespass. Topic: Civil law, Crime
  • GDP and the national accounts: 2014 revisions Published 30 October 2014 | Standard notes SN06982 The way GDP is measured has changed, with revised figures showing the 2008-2009 recession being slightly less severe than previously thought and the economic recovery stronger. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation
  • Commons Select Committee Chairs Published 30 October 2014 | Standard notes SN04400 Select Committee chairs since the 2010 General Election Topic: House of Commons, Members of Parliament
  • Inter-racial adoption Published 29 October 2014 | Standard notes SN06351 This note provides information on the current law and policy on inter-racial adoption. Topic: Children and families, Children's social services
  • NHS Charges for Overseas Visitors Published 29 October 2014 | Standard notes SN03051 NHS Charges for Overseas Visitors. By Thomas Powell. SN/SP/3051. Topic: Health finance, Health services
  • Can private landlords refuse to let to Housing Benefit claimants? Published 29 October 2014 | Standard notes SN07008 Amended 03 November 2014 There is some evidence to suggest that private landlords are reluctant to let to prospective tenants in receipt of Housing Benefit. This note explains the reasons for that reluctance and why it is not unlawful. Topic: Housing, Housing benefits, Private rented housing
  • Quantitative easing Published 28 October 2014 | Standard notes SN04997 This note sets out the background to the policy, how it is expected to work and some possible issues related to its use. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation
  • Modern Slavery Bill: Progress of the Bill Published 28 October 2014 | Standard notes SN07006 This is a note on the House of Commons Committee Stage of the Modern Slavery Bill. It complements Library Research Paper 14/37 prepared for the Commons Second Reading. Topic: Crime, Criminal law, Sexual offences

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POST produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology. You can leave feedback at www.surveymonkey.com/postnote