Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    Glossary

    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 81-100 out of 2708

  • Exchange rates Published 02 September 2014 | Standard notes SN02811 Exchange rates: Data on the value of the pound relative to other major international currencies. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation, World economy
  • Gaza ceasefire agreement Published 01 September 2014 | Standard notes SN06969 A summary of the Gaza ceasefire agreement of August 26, which put an end to hostilities between Israel and Palestinian militants. Topic: International politics and government, Middle East
  • Postal services: Royal Mail plc Published 01 September 2014 | Standard notes SN06763 This note gives an overview of Royal Mail, covering privatisation, Royal Mail’s financial performance, competition in the postal sector, the current regulatory framework and safeguards for postal services and Royal Mail’s relationship with Post Office Ltd. Topic: Postal services
  • Participation in higher education: Social Indicators page Published 01 September 2014 | Standard notes SN02630 Trends in participation including new figures for 2012/13 Topic: Higher education, Students
  • Measures to limit migrants’ access to benefits Published 01 September 2014 | Standard notes SN06889 Following an article by the Prime Minister’s in the Financial Times on 27 November 2013 in which he said he shared concerns about the impact of lifting transitional restrictions on the right of Romanian and Bulgarian right to work in the UK from 1 January 2014, the Government has introduced a raft of measures “to tighten up our EEA migration rules to ensure our welfare system is not taken advantage of.” Topic: Benefits administration, Benefits policy, EU enlargement, Family benefits, Housing benefits, Immigration, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits, Working age benefits
  • Household Debt Published 01 September 2014 | Standard notes SN02885 Household debt: Data on the latest household debt statistics, including net lending, mortgage interest rates and insolvencies. Topic: Economic situation, Financial services
  • The Aerospace Industry Published 29 August 2014 | Standard notes SN00928 The aerospace industry is considered by the Government as a “phenomenal success story” and a sector that offers “tremendous opportunities for growth”. The UK has a 17% global market share in aerospace industry revenues, making it the largest in Europe and second only to the US worldwide. Topic: Aviation, Economic policy, Industry, Manufacturing industries
  • Regional Growth Fund Published 29 August 2014 | Standard notes SN05874 This note examines the Regional Growth Fund, which is worth over £3.2 billion over the five years from 2011-12 to 2016-17. It is intended to promote the private sector in areas in England most at risk to public sector cuts. Topic: Business support, Economic policy, Economic situation, Regeneration, Regional development agencies
  • Mitochondrial Donation Published 28 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06833 This note seeks to provide a summary of the role of mitochondria, mitochondrial disease and the proposed new techniques. It will also outline the investigations into these techniques that took place prior to the Government announcement; a HFEA scientific review of the safety and efficacy of methods, an ethical review of the techniques for mitochondrial replacement undertaken by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and an HFEA public consultation. The main safety and ethical considerations associated with the introduction of these techniques into clinical practice will be discussed. Topic: Diseases, Genetics, Medical ethics, Medicine, Science
  • The 2012 Child Maintenance Scheme Published 27 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06720 The Child Maintenance and Other Payments Act 2008 provided for a new, ‘gross income’ child maintenance scheme to replace both the existing means of calculating child maintenance, which was introduced in December 2012. All new cases are now being admitted to the new scheme. The Government intends to transfer all existing cases to the new scheme by 2017. This note provides an overview of the scheme's introduction and timetable for implementation. Topic: Child support, Children and families
  • Public Finances Published 22 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02812 Key data on public sector borrowing and debt. Public sector net borrowing totalled £105.8 billion in 2013/14, £9.3 billion lower than in 2012/13. Topic: Economic situation, Public expenditure
  • NEET: Young People Not in Education, Employment or Training Published 21 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06705 Amended 09 September 2014 955,000 people aged 16-24 were NEET in the second quarter of 2014, 13.3% of people in this age group. Current Government schemes with elements aimed at reducing the number of young people who are NEET include: raising the participation age, the Youth Contract and the Work Programme. Topic: Economic situation, Unemployment
  • Pre-nuptial agreements Published 20 August 2014 | Standard notes SN03752 Pre-nuptial agreements are not automatically enforceable in courts in England and Wales. The Law Commission has recommended the introduction of enforceable “qualifying nuptial agreements" Topic: Family law, Marriage, Registration of births, deaths and marriages
  • Assisted suicide Published 20 August 2014 | Standard notes SN04857 Amended 12 September 2014 This note provides background to the offence of assisting a person to commit suicide under the Suicide Act 1961, in the context of terminally ill people who may be unable to end their lives without the assistance of family or friends. Particular reference is made to the cases of Debbie Purdy, who in July 2009 obtained a House of Lords ruling ordering the Director of Public Prosecutions to formulate an offence-specific policy setting out the factors he will consider when deciding whether to prosecute assisted suicide offences, and Tony Nicklinson. The note also considers the Assisted Dying Bill [HL], a Private Member's Bill introduced by Lord Falconer of Thorogood, which is currently before the Lords. Topic: Crime, Medical ethics
  • Agriculture in the home countries: Social Indicators page Published 20 August 2014 | Standard notes SN03994 Agriculture in the home countries: Social Indicators page providing summary statistics on agriculture in the countries of the UK from the annual June farm surveys. Topic: Agriculture
  • Ministers in the Coalition Government: 2010 - present Published 19 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06544 This list notes ministerial office holders since the 2010 General Election. Topic: Central government, Ministers
  • NHS workforce statistics: England Published 19 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02223 NHS workforce statistics: England. By Ricky Fang and Rachael Harker SN/SG/2223. This note summarises recent trends in the NHS workforce in England. Topic: Health staff and professions
  • Missing persons and the presumption of death Published 18 August 2014 | Standard notes SN04890 The Presumption of Death Act 2013 will be implemented in October 2014. The Government is to consult on the creation of a status of guardian of the property of missing persons Topic: Death
  • UK arms transfers to the Peshmerga in Iraqi Kurdistan Published 18 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06963 After rapid advances by the Islamic State (formerly known as ISIS or ISIL) towards Erbil, the capital of the Iraqi Kurdish Region, the UK government has indicated that it may send arms to the Peshmerga, the Kurdish Regional Government's security force. Topic: Arms control, Iraq, Middle East
  • Student loan statistics Published 18 August 2014 | Standard notes SN01079 Student loans are the main method of direct government support for higher education students. Money is loaned to students at a subsidised rate to help towards their maintenance costs and to cover the cost of tuition fees. Currently more than £10 billion is loaned to students each year. This is expected to grow rapidly over the new few years and the Government expects the value of outstanding loans to reach over £100 billion (2014 15 prices) in 2018 and continue to increase in real terms to around £330 billion (2014 15 prices) by the middle of this century. Topic: Higher education, Loans, Students

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POST produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology. You can leave feedback at www.surveymonkey.com/postnote