Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 41-60 out of 2838

  • Election in Israel Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07151 A parliamentary election took place in Israel on 17 March 2015. No party won an overall majority, but Likud – the centre-right party of Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu – remained the largest party. This note provides a summary of developments. Topic: Election results : international, International politics and government, Middle East
  • Re-election of the Speaker after a general election Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07150 Proposals to change the procedure if the re-election of a Speaker is challenged after a general election are to be considered on 26 March 2015. Topic: House of Commons, Parliamentary procedure, Speaker
  • Local government transparency in England Published 25 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06046 This note provides details of the Code of Recommended Practice on local authority data transparency; the Code of Recommended Practice on Local Authority Publicity; filming and social media use in council meetings; and pay policy statements. Topic: Freedom of information, Local government, Pay
  • Apprenticeship statistics Published 25 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06113 This note presents and analyses data on the number of people starting apprenticeships in England and statistics for Parliamentary Constituencies in England. Topic: Employment schemes, Training
  • Business rates Published 25 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06247 A brief guide to the system of non-domestic rating, better known as ‘business rates’. Topic: Local government, Taxation
  • The new 'single tier' State Pension Published 24 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06525 Looks at the new 'single-tier' state pension to be introduced for future pensioners from 6 April 2016 Topic: Pensions
  • Televised debates between party leaders Published 24 March 2015 | Standard notes SN05241 This note sets out the background to the current debate about televised debates between party leaders during a general election campaign. Three debates were held for the first time in the UK during the 2010 general election. The BBC, ITV News, Sky News and Channel 4 have put forward proposals to change the format of the televised leaders’ debates to be held before the 2015 general election. Topic: Broadcasting, Elections, General elections
  • The Osmotherly Rules Published 24 March 2015 | Standard notes SN02671 The Osmotherly Rules (the Rules) give guidance on the role of civil servants and other Government officials appearing before select committees. The purpose of the Rules is to assist staff in Government departments dealing with requests for information from select committees, including: the provision of evidence, handling select committee reports and drafting responses to such reports. Topic: Civil Service, Constitution, Parliament
  • Immigration and asylum: changes made by the Coalition Government 2010 - 2015 Published 24 March 2015 | Standard notes SN05829 David Cameron described the Government’s immigration policy objective as “good immigration, not mass immigration.” The Government wanted to attract the ‘brightest and best’ migrants who were deemed most beneficial to the UK. It also wanted to reduce overall net migration levels from the hundreds of thousands to tens of thousands by the end of the 2010 - 2015 parliament, by minimising opportunities for abuse and being more selective about the criteria for entry. Topic: Asylum, Immigration
  • Can an undischarged bankrupt open a bank account? Published 24 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06109 The purpose of this note is to provide a brief outline of the legal position. It considers how a bankruptcy order will affect an existing bank account and the basis on which an undischarged bankrupt may be able to open and operate a new current account. Topic: Insolvency
  • Mandatory conditions for alcohol sale Published 24 March 2015 | Standard notes SN05351 There are mandatory licensing conditions which ban irresponsible promotions; ensure free potable water for customers; ensure that small measures of beers, wine and spirits are offered and that customers are made aware of them; ensure that those selling or supplying alcohol have an age verification policy in place; ban the sale of alcohol below cost price. Topic: Licensing
  • Inflation: International Published 24 March 2015 | Standard notes SN02794 Inflation: International: Harmonised Index of Comsumer Prices data on international inflation rates. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation, World economy
  • The parties’ schools policy commitments 2015 Published 23 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07149 Amended 25 March 2015 This note collates the public commitments regarding schools policy in England made by the Conservatives, Labour, Liberal Democrats, UKIP and Green Party. Topic: Schools
  • Regulation of will writers Published 23 March 2015 | Standard notes SN05683 Arguments have been advanced both for and against regulating will writing, based, for example, on the need for consumer protection on the one hand, and the cost, burden and effectiveness of regulation on the other. The previous Government decided against making will writing a reserved legal activity because it considered that there was insufficient evidence that statutory regulation was necessary – it favoured voluntary regulation instead. Topic: Civil law, Wills and intestacy
  • Discharge from bankruptcy Published 23 March 2015 | Standard notes SN03043 The purpose of this note is to provide an overview of the discharge from bankruptcy procedure. In the process, it also considers the effect of discharge; the circumstances which may cause automatic discharge to be postponed by the court; and when a Bankruptcy Restrictions Order may be imposed. Topic: Insolvency
  • Women in Parliament and Government Published 23 March 2015 | Standard notes SN01250 Just over one in five Members of Parliament are women. More women were elected in the 2010 General Election than at any previous general election. Prior to 1987 women had never been more than 5% of MPs. Topic: Elections, Equality, Members of Parliament, Ministers, Parliament
  • The School Day and Year Published 23 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07148 The rules and debate relating to the setting of school hours and term times. Do children benefit from a longer school day or year? Topic: Schools
  • Civil war in South Sudan: a primer Published 23 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06788 South Sudan has been embroiled in a brutal civil war since December 2013. On one side is the government of President Salva Kiir Mayadit (Sudan People’s Liberation Movement) and its’ allies; on the other side is former Vice-President Riek Machar (Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition) and his backers. As some observers warned might happen at the time, the euphoria and optimism that attended South Sudan’s independence in July 2011 has quickly been shattered. At least 2.5 million people currently face crisis or emergency levels of food insecurity. 1.5 million people have been internally displaced. An estimated 60,000 people have been killed. With the price of oil down and oil exports in decline, the country’s economy is in a parlous condition. Peace talks have so far failed and observers now fear a return to all-out conflict. Topic: Africa, Human rights, International law, International politics and government, United Nations
  • What will happen to the bankrupt's home? Published 23 March 2015 | Standard notes SN05178 The purpose of this note is to provide a general outline of what will happen to the bankrupt’s home under current insolvency legislation. However, it should be emphasised that anyone made bankrupt (or considering bankruptcy) should seek proper legal advice based on a full appraisal of the facts of their case. Topic: Insolvency
  • School Places in England Published 20 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07147 This note provides background information on two main areas: how parents apply for and are allocated school places in England; and how school places are planned and commissioned Topic: Schools

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