Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 41-60 out of 2689

  • Examination results: Social Indicators page Published 11 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02627 Trends in examination results at Key Stage 2, GCSE and A level. Topic: Further education, Schools
  • Teachers: Social Indicators page Published 11 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02626 Summary of data on teacher numbers, flows and vacancies Topic: Schools, Teachers
  • Pension lump sums Published 08 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02181 Looks at the lump sum payments that can be made from a private pension, such as the tax-free lump sum and the rules for small pots Topic: Pensions
  • Trade Published 08 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02815 Trade: Trade statistics on the current account for the UK . Topic: Economic situation, International trade
  • Local government transparency in England Published 08 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06046 The Coalition’s Programme for Government promised to “throw open the doors of public bodies, to enable the public to hold politicians and public bodies to account”. The matters covered in this Standard Note apply to England only, with the exception of pay policy statements, which also apply in Wales. Topic: Freedom of information, Local government, Pay
  • Improving outcomes for DC pension savers Published 07 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06956 Amended 08 August 2014 Discusses proposals to improve outcomes for savers in defined contribution (DC) pension schemes Topic: Pensions
  • Impact on the UK of Scottish independence: social security and tax credits Published 07 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06957 In the event Scotland becoming an independent country, the Scottish and Westminster governments would have to address two main issues with regard to welfare provision: how to deliver benefits and tax credits in the initial transitional period following independence; and how the two countries' systems should relate to each other in the longer term. Topic: Benefits administration, Benefits policy, Devolution, Family benefits, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits, Working age benefits
  • Support for family and friends carers looking after children Published 07 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02967 This note provides information on support available to friends and family carers looking after children. Topic: Child care, Children and families, Family benefits
  • Manufacturing Published 07 August 2014 | Standard notes SN05206 Manufacturing: Data on maufacturing jobs, output and producer confidence. Topic: Economic situation, Manufacturing industries
  • Youth Contract Published 07 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06387 The Youth Contract is a package of schemes, including Apprenticeship Grants for Employers and work experience. aimed at helping young people into sustained employment. Topic: Employment, Employment schemes, Training, Unemployment
  • Business Improvement Districts (BIDs) Published 06 August 2014 | Standard notes SN04591 This standard note sets out the working of Business Improvements Districts in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It provides details on how BIDs may be constituted, with reference to key figures. Topic: Local government
  • Planning Reform Proposals Published 06 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06418 Planning reform proposals to change planning law and policy have been set out by Government. Changes are expected to permitted development rights and a review of the Nationally Significant Infrastructure Regime. Topic: Housing, Housing supply, Planning, Regional planning and development
  • Mandatory conditions for alcohol sale Published 06 August 2014 | Standard notes SN05351 There are mandatory conditions for the sale of alcohol which ban irresponsible promotions; ban pouring drinks directly into the mouths of customers; ensure free tap water; ensure that on trade premises offer small measures; and ensure that all those who sell or supply alcohol have an age verification policy. A new condition banning the sale of alcohol below cost price came into force on 28 May 2014. Topic: Licensing
  • Housing Market Published 06 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02820 Housing Market: Data on house prices from the Nationwide and Halifax, mortgage approvals and house-building. Topic: Economic situation, Housing
  • Alcohol: minimum pricing Published 06 August 2014 | Standard notes SN05021 A ban on the sale of alcohol below cost price (alcohol duty plus VAT) came into force on 28 May 2014. This followed the Government’s announcement in July 2013 that it would not introduce a minimum unit price for alcohol. Topic: Alcoholism, Competition, Licensing
  • Constituent casework: military medals Published 06 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06874 This note provides guidance and resources on a number of common questions concerning military medals. Topic: Armed forces, Veterans
  • In brief: Military Medals review update Published 06 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06514 The Government announced the outcome of the second stage of Sir John Holmes' review into military medals in July 2014. This now completes work into various retrospective medal campaigns. The government has stated that no further reviews of historic claims will now take place unless significant, new, evidence is produced that an injustice has occurred. Topic: Armed forces, Veterans
  • Remploy Published 05 August 2014 | Standard notes SN00698 Remploy factories provided employment to 2,150 disabled people at 54 sites in 2011/12. Following the withdrawal of Government subsidies from March 2012, most factories have now closed but six have been sold to new owners. Topic: Employment schemes
  • Tax avoidance : a General Anti-Abuse Rule Published 05 August 2014 | Standard notes SN06265 UK tax law is specifically targeted rather than purposive: in tackling the exploitation of loopholes in the law, governments have legislated against individual avoidance schemes as and when these have come to light. This note looks at the case that has been made recently for a general anti-avoidance rule, the Goverment's introduction of a 'narrower' General Anti-Abuse Rule in 2013, and subsequent initiatives to tackle aggressive tax avoidance. Topic: Taxation
  • Inflation Published 05 August 2014 | Standard notes SN02792 Inflation: Data on both the CPI and RPI inflation indices. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation

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