Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 41-60 out of 2827

  • Liberal Democrat, SDP and Liberal Party leaders and officials since 1975 Published 27 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07155 A list of Liberal Party, Social Democratic Party and Liberal Democrats leaders and officials since 1975 Topic: Political parties
  • Devolution to local government in England Published 27 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07029 2014 has witnessed a large number of proposals for the transfer of additional powers to local authorities from central government. The political parties have begun to develop policy in this area in advance of the 2015 General Election. Also, the Government has announced the devolution of a range of new powers to Manchester, Sheffield and West Yorkshire. This note discusses these issues. Topic: Devolution, Local government
  • Combined authorities Published 27 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06649 Amended 30 March 2015 Combined authorities are joint local authority structures which undertake transport, economic development and other functions over a number of local government areas. Five have been set up so far in England, in Manchester, Sheffield, Leeds, Liverpool and the North-East. They have become popular as locations for powers devolved from central government. This note outlines their legal basis and development so far. Topic: Economic policy, Local government, Public administration
  • Conservative party leaders and officials since 1975 Published 27 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07154 A list of Conservative party leaders and officials since 1975 Topic: Political parties
  • Key documents : taxation Published 27 March 2015 | Standard notes SN04680 This note lists some of the key official documents relating to taxation, and a short selection of other reading on this topic. Topic: Taxation
  • Children in pubs Published 27 March 2015 | Standard notes SN04908 The Licensing Act 2003 regulates the sale and supply of alcohol and is underpinned by four licensing objectives. One of these is the “protection of children from harm”. Most activity around licensing in relation to protecting children relates to preventing the illegal sale of alcohol to under 18s; regulating the access to licensed premises by children; and preventing the consumption of alcohol by children on licensed premises. Topic: Licensing
  • Live Music Act 2012 Published 27 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06996 The Live Music Act 2012 means that a licence for a live music performance is no longer required if: it takes place between 8am and 11pm; it takes place at a licensed premises or workplace; the audience is no more than 200 people. The audience limit will be increased to 500 from 6 April 2015. Topic: Licensing
  • The Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) Published 27 March 2015 | Standard notes SN01917 This note briefly explains the old Housing Fitness Standard and the reasons for its replacement in 2006 with the Housing, Health and Safety Rating System before giving an overview of how the new HHSRS works. The HHSRS enables environmental health officers to assess housing conditions and take enforcement action in certain cirucmstances. Topic: Housing, Housing standards, Private rented housing, Social rented housing
  • NHS Winter Pressures 2014/15 - Weekly Update Published 27 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07057 During the winter months, NHS England publishes daily situation reports on winter pressures facing acute hospital trusts. These cover pressures such as accident and emergency diverts, ambulances queueing, bed days lost to norovirus closures, delayed transfers of care, cancelled operations, and trolley waits. This note summarises figures for 2014/15 (up to 22nd March) and compares them with the equivalent periods in 2013/14 and 2012/13. Data for individual hospital trusts or areas is available on the NHS statistical website and can be compiled or analysed by the Library on request. Topic: Ambulance services, Health services
  • Bank Branch closures Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN00385 A new round of bank branch closures has been announced by several banks. This Note sets out the industry's response. Topic: Financial institutions, Financial services
  • Higher education tuition fees in England – party policies 2015 Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07153 This note give an overview of the post-2012 higher education tuition fee system, it sets out the different fee arrangement across the UK and outlines the policies of political parties with regard to tuition fees. Topic: Higher education, Students
  • Coalitions at Westminster Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06404 This standard note looks at coalition governments at Westminster, in the light of the first peacetime coalition government since 1931, formed after the May 2010 general election. It examines incidents where cabinet collective responsibility did not apply and looks at the operation of the Fixed Term Parliaments Act 2011. Topic: Central government, Parliament
  • What happens to gift vouchers when a company goes into administration? Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06540 The purpose of this note is to explain the treatment of gift vouchers and cards when a company goes into administration. It outlines the statutory order of distribution to creditors of realised company assets. It also considers various options available to a purchaser of a gift or credit card to get a refund. Finally, it briefly explores whether there may be scope for a change in the law in this area Topic: Insolvency
  • The voluntary sector and the Big Society Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN05883 An overview of the Big Society and the role of the voluntary and community sector. Topic: Charities, Voluntary organisations
  • The late night levy Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07100 The late night levy is a discretionary power enabling licensing authorities in England and Wales to raise a contribution towards policing the late-night economy from holders of premises licences or club premises certificates. Topic: Licensing
  • Role of the Lord Chancellor Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN02105 History and development of the office of Lord Chancellor. This note summarises the history and development of the office of Lord Chancellor and also examines the changes that were made to the role following the enactment of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. Topic: Constitution, House of Lords, Ministers
  • Political party funding: controversies and reform since 1997 Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07152 This note gives background to the main controversies around, and attempts to reform, political party funding since 1997. Topic: Elections, Political parties
  • Company Voluntary Arrangements Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN06944 This briefing paper provides a detailed overview of the Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA) procedure. It also provides a summary of Government proposals to restructure the use of a moratorium in CVAs and in Schemes of Arrangement. Topic: Insolvency
  • Election in Israel Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07151 A parliamentary election took place in Israel on 17 March 2015. No party won an overall majority, but Likud – the centre-right party of Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu – remained the largest party. This note provides a summary of developments. Topic: Election results : international, International politics and government, Middle East
  • Re-election of the Speaker after a general election Published 26 March 2015 | Standard notes SN07150 Proposals to change the procedure if the re-election of a Speaker is challenged after a general election are to be considered on 26 March 2015. Topic: House of Commons, Parliamentary procedure, Speaker

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