Research briefings

This page provides access to research briefings produced by the Libraries of the House of Commons and House of Lords and the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology (POST). You can find research briefings by sorting by date, type, or one of 350 topics. Pick your options from the dropdown menus.

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    • Commons Library Research Papers: in-depth and impartial analysis on every major piece of primary legislation and on other major topics of public and parliamentary concern. Regular statistics papers are also published.
    • Commons Library Standard Notes: 3,000 briefings on topical issues or frequently asked questions.
    • Lords Library Notes: Written by the research section of the House of Lords Library to provide information on topics of current interest to members
    • POSTnotes: Short briefings produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology analysing policy issues that have a basis in science and technology.
    • POST Reports: Occasional major reports produced by the Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology.

Displaying 1-20 out of 2724

  • Gross Domestic Product Published 24 October 2014 | Standard notes SN02783 UK Gross Domestic Product: Regularly updated data on growth and forecasts. Topic: Economic situation
  • Financial Indicators Published 24 October 2014 | Standard notes SN05207 Financial Indicators: Data from FTSE100, as well as oil prices and gold prices. Topic: Economic situation
  • Unemployment: International Comparisons Published 24 October 2014 | Standard notes SN02800 Unemployment: International Comparisons: Data on harmonised unemployment rates for major international economies. Topic: Economic situation, International economic relations, Unemployment
  • Inflation: International Published 24 October 2014 | Standard notes SN02794 Inflation: International: Harmonised Index of Comsumer Prices data on international inflation rates. Topic: Economic policy, Economic situation, World economy
  • Introduction of Personal Independence Payment Published 24 October 2014 | Standard notes SN06861 Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is replacing Disability Living Allowance for people of working age. Since it was first introduced for new claims in April 2013 there have been problems with the claims process, with some claimants waiting six months or more for a decision. The Government said that, as a result of actions it is taking, by autumn 2014 no PIP claimant will have to wait more than six months for a decision and by the end of the year no one will have to wait more than 16 weeks. Topic: Benefits administration, Benefits policy, Sickness, disability and carers' benefits
  • Mobile/park homes: 10% commission on sales Published 24 October 2014 | Standard notes SN07003 This note explains the requirement to pay 10% commission on the sale price of a mobile home to the site owner and provides information on various reviews of that requirement. Mobile home owners regard the charge as "unfair and out of date." Topic: Housing, Owner occupation
  • Retail sales: economic indicators Published 24 October 2014 | Standard notes SN02818 Retail sales: key indicators on the value of retail sales. Topic: Economic situation, Service industries
  • Components of GDP Published 24 October 2014 | Standard notes SN02787 Components of GDP: Data on the components that make up GDP, including household consumption, government spending, investment, net trade and output by sector. Topic: Economic situation
  • Advertising of e-cigarettes Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN07001 The purpose of this note is to set out in detail information on recent developments in the ASA’s regulation of advertising of e-cigarettes. There has, of course, been widespread debate in the UK amongst policy makers, health professionals, charities and business about the role and safety of e-cigarettes. A wide range of views exist from the public health benefits of e-cigarettes to their potential to re-normalise smoking. It is not the purpose of this note to provide an account of the arguments for and against the use of e-cigarettes. Topic: Consumers
  • The prescription charge and other NHS charges Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN07000 This notes provides information on the prescription charge and other NHS charges. Topic: Health finance, Health services
  • Domestic violence Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN06337 In February 2014, the police’s response to domestic abuse was described by HM Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC) as "not good enough". In response, the Home Secretary announced that every police force would have an action plan for improving their response in place by September 2014 and that she would establish a national oversight group to monitor progress. On 19 August 2014 the Home Secretarylaunched an 8 week consultation on strengthening current laws on domestic violence. Topic: Crime, Crimes of violence
  • Directly-elected mayors Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN05000 Amended 24 October 2014 Directly-elected mayors were first introduced by the Local Government Act 2000. A directly elected mayor and a cabinet is one of three different ‘governance arrangements’ or ‘political management arrangements’ available to local authorities: the others are a leader and cabinet, and the traditional ‘committee system’, where decisions are made by policy committees and approved by full council. This note contains details of the procedures for introducing a mayor, plus lists of the current mayors and referendum results. Topic: Elections, Local government
  • Judicial complaints Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN04912 This note provides details of the procedures to follow where an individual has a complaint about a judge’s conduct or behaviour. Topic: Legal profession
  • Seabass fishing Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN00745 Seabass - an important fish species for commercial fishermen and recreational anglers. This note covers addresses issues around seabass Minnimum Landing Size, stock management and current Government policy. Topic: Environmental protection, Fisheries, Fisheries, Marine environment, Sports and Olympic Games
  • Making EU law into UK law Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN07002 EU law becomes part of UK law by means of primary or secondary legislation (Act of Parliament, Order or Statutory Instrument) or by administrative rules. This note looks at the procedures for transposing EU law in the UK. Topic: EU law and treaties, Parliamentary procedure
  • Chilcot Inquiry: an update Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN06215 The Iraq Inquiry, chaired by Sir John Chilcot, was originally expected to have reported by now but the broad scope of the inquiry and the amount of evidence have led to delays in publication, which is now not expected until towards the end of 2014 at the earliest. This note provides a brief update on progress. Topic: Iraq, Middle East, Military operations, Public inquiries
  • Televised debates between party leaders Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN05241 This note sets out the background to the current debate about televised debates between party leaders during a general election campaign. Three debates were held for the first time in the UK during the 2010 general election. The BBC, ITV News, Sky News and Channel 4 have put forward proposals to change the format of the televised leaders’ debates to be held before the 2015 general election. Topic: Elections, General elections
  • Homelessness in England Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN01164 This note provides statistics on statutory homelessness and explains local authorities' duties to assist homeless households. The note gives an overview of Government policy in this area. Topic: Homelessness, Housing
  • Homeless households in temporary accommodation (England) Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN02110 This note provides background to the increase in the number of homeless households placed in temporary accommodation by local authorities and outlines various initiatives to reduce those numbers. Topic: Homelessness, Housing
  • Public Finances Published 22 October 2014 | Standard notes SN02812 At the end of September 2014, both the deficit and debt are larger compared with the same period in 2013/14. Topic: Economic situation, Public expenditure

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