In brief: Kashmir - volatile stalemate - Commons Library Standard Note

Published 08 August 2013 | Standard notes SN05773

Authors: Jon Lunn

Topic: Asia, Human rights, International politics and government, Terrorism

India and Pakistan’s capacity and commitment to agree a peace deal and resolve the Kashmir dispute remains as uncertain as ever. Following an armed clash on 6 August along the Line of Control, in which five Indian soldiers were killed, some Indian voices are now calling for another halt to the faltering 'composite dialogue' between the two countries.

After the last major outbreak of unrest and violence in Indian Kashmir in 2010, the Congress-led government in India appeared more willing than in the past to listen to the grievances of ordinary Kashmiris, but any initial goodwill this may have generated is now being severely depleted. In 2010 Prime Minister Manmohan Singh established a high-level panel (also known as ‘the interlocutors’) to begin a process of sustained dialogue with Kashmiris. The panel submitted its final report to the Indian government in October 2011, but it was only reluctantly made public in May 2012. Perhaps inevitably, virtually all stakeholders found something to object about in the report. The opposition BJP, which opposes Jammu and Kashmir’s distinctive status, dismissed the report with contempt. The government has itself largely ignored the report.

While the level and frequency of street protest or armed attacks against official targets is not yet anywhere near as high as in the past, both have increased markedly since February 2013, when a death sentence against a Kashmiri militant was carried out by the Indian authorities.

Share this page

Contact information

The House of Commons Library provides research, analysis and information services for MPs and their staff.

If you have any comments on briefings from the Commons Library, please contact papers@parliament.uk.

Please note, authors are not available to discuss the contents of papers with members of the general public. 

TwitterFollow House of Commons Library on Twitter

The House of Lords Library delivers research and information services to Members and staff of the House in support of parliamentary business.

Email hlresearchservices@parliament.uk with comments on Lords Library Notes.

Please note that authors are not available to discuss the contents of Library Notes with members of the general public.

POST produces independent, balanced and accessible briefings on public policy issues related to science and technology. You can leave feedback at www.surveymonkey.com/postnote